NIKOLIC SLOBODANKA

Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia

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Publications (7)4.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The evolution of the crystallization front from a planar to a dendritic one as a function of the GL/(Rc0) parameter was investigated during the crystallization of Al–Cu alloys by the vertical Bridgman method. Six series of alloyswith different initial compositions of Cu were solidified at different growth rates. A mathematical model for the heat transfer during vertical Bridgmen crystal growth was developed. The model was solved using the finite element method. The temperature gradient in the melt at the beginning of crystal growth was calculated using the obtainedmodel. Discrete stages of the crystallization front were identified in the experiments, as the ratio GL/(Rc0) decreased.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. 01/2006;
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    ABSTRACT: Ruby (Cr:Al2O3) single crystals were grown by the Czochralski technique in an argon atmosphere. The critical crystal diameter dc = 1.0 cm and the critical rate of rotation wc = 20 rpm were calculated by equations of the hydrodynamics of the melt. The rate of crystal growthwas experimentally obtained to be 2.7 mm/h. For chemical polishing, conc. H3PO4 at 593 K for an exposure of 3 hours was determined. Conc. H3PO4 at 523 K for an exposure of 3 h was found to be a suitable etching solution. The lattice parameters a = 0.47627(6) nm and c = 1.301(1) nm were determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2005; · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CaWO4 doped with 0.8 % at. Nd (Nd:CaWO4) single crystals were grown from the melt in air by the Czochralski technique. The critical diameter dc = 1.0 cm and the critical rate of rotation wc = 30 rpm were calculated from hydrodynamic equations for buoyancy-driven and forced convection. The rate of crystal growth was experimentally obtained to be 6.7 mm/h. For chemical polishing, a solution of 1 part saturated chromic acid (CrO3 in water) and 3 parts conc. H3PO4 (85 %) at 433 K with an exposure time of 2 h was found to be adequate. A mixture of 1 part concentrated HF and 2 parts chromic acid at room temperature after exposure for 30 min was found to be a suitable etching solution. The lattice parameters a = 0.52404 (6) nm, c = 1.1362 (6) nm and V0 = 0.312 (2) nm3 were determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2003; · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Y3Al5O12 doped with 0.8 % wt. Nd (Nd:YAG) single crystals were grown by the Czochralski technique under an argon atmosphere. The conditions for growing the Nd: YAG single crystals were calculated by using a combination of Reynolds and Grashof numbers. The critical crystal diameter and the critical rate of rotation were calculated from the hydrodynamics of the melt. The crystal diameter Dc = 1.5 cm remained constant during the crystal growth, while the critical rate of rotation changed from wc = 38 rpm after necking to wc = 13 rpm at the end of the crystal. The value of the rate of crystal growth was experimentally found to be 0.8–1.0 mm/h. According to our previous experiments, it was confirmed that 20 min exposure to conc. H3PO4 at 603 K was suitable for chemical polishing. Also, one-hour exposure to conc. H3PO4 at 493 K was found to be suitable for etching. The lattice parameter a = 1.201 (1) nm was determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2002; · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single crystals of Bi12SiO20 were grown from the melt by the Czochralski technique. The critical crystal diameter dc = 10 mm and the critical rate of rotation wc = 20 rpm were calculated by equations from the hydrodynamics of a melt. The rate of crystal growth was experimentally obtained to be 5 mm/h. The crystal growth was in the [ 111] direction. The lattice parameter a = 1.0096 nm was determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The reflectance spectra were recorded in the wave numbers range 20–5000 cm-1 at different temperatures. For all the recorded spectra the values of the vibrational TO and LO modes were found using the Kramers-Kronig analysis (KKA). Twentyfive TO and LO modes were found at 70 K, and eighteen at 295 K. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2002; · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sapphire (Al2O3) single crystals were grown by the Czochralski technique both in air and argon atmospheres. The conditions for growing sapphire single crystals were calculated by using a combination of Reynolds and Grashof numbers. Acritical crystal diameter dc = 20 mm and the critical rate of rotation wc = 20 rpm were calculated from the hydrodynamics of the melt. The value of the rate of crystal growth was experimentally found to be 3.5 mm/h. According to our previous experiments, it was confirmed that three hours exposures to conc. H3PO4 at 593 K was suitable for chemical polishing. Also, three hours exposure to conc.H3PO4 at 523 K was found to be a suitable etching solution. The lattice parameters a = 0.47573 nm and c = 1.29893 nm were determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2001; · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single crystals of LiNbO3 were grown by the Czochralski technique in an air atmosphere. The critical diameter and the critical rate of rotation were calculated. X-Ray measurements of the powder were carried out to obtain the lattice parameters. The optical constants were calculated by Kramers-Kronig analysis of reflectance data. The optical properties of LiNbO3 single crystals were studied for samples grown in an air atmosphere to investigate the influence of air on the optical properties of the formed crystals. A peak due to OH- gtroups appears in the transmission spectrum at 3385 cm-1. It was still present after annealing in an air atmosphere at temperature up to 873 K, but it was no longer detectable after annealing at 1473 K in an electric field. Thick films of the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7 (Ag) were obtained on plates of LiNbO3 single crystals. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. 01/1999;

Publication Stats

6 Citations
4.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia
  • 2001–2003
    • Institute of Physics Belgrade
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia