Publications (3)5.94 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Here we report the existence, purification and characterisation of carbonic anhydrase in Plasmodium falciparum. The infected red cells contained carbonic anhydrase approximately 2 times higher than those of normal red cells. The three developmental forms of the asexual stages, ring, trophozoite and schizont were isolated from their host red cells and found to have stage-dependent activity of the carbonic anhydrase. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity from the crude extract of P. falciparum using multiple steps of fast liquid chromatographic techniques. It had a Mr of 32 kDa and was active in a monomeric form. The human red cell enzyme was also purified for comparison with the parasite enzyme. The parasite enzyme activity was sensitive to well-known sulfonamide-based inhibitors of both bacterial and mammalian enzymes, sulfanilamide and acetazolamide. The kinetic properties and the amino terminal sequences of the purified enzymes from the parasite and host red cell were found to be different, indicating that the purified protein most likely exhibited the P. falciparum carbonic anhydrase activity. In addition, the enzyme inhibitors had antimalarial effect against in vitro growth of P. falciparum. Moreover, the vital contribution of the carbonic anhydrase to the parasite survival makes the enzyme an attractive target for therapeutic evaluation.International Journal for Parasitology 06/2001; 31(7):661-8. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), a Krebs cycle enzyme and complex II of the mitochondrial electron transport system was purified to near homogeneity from the human malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum cultivated in vitro by FPLC on Mono Q, Mono S and Superose 6 gel filtration columns. The malarial SDH activity was found to be extremely labile. Based on Superose 6 FPLC, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and nondenaturing-PAGE analyses, it was demonstrated that the malarial enzyme had an apparent native molecular mass of 90 +/- 8 kDa and contained two major subunits with molecular masses of 55 +/- 6 and 35 +/- 4 kDa (n = 8). The enzymatic reaction required both succinate and coenzyme Q (CoQ) for its maximal catalysis with Km values of 3 and 0.2 microM, and k(cat) values of 0.11 and 0.06 min(-1), respectively. Catalytic efficiency of the malarial SDH for both substrates were found to be relatively low (approximately 600-5000 M(-1) s(-1)). Fumarate, malonate and oxaloacetate were found to inhibit the malarial enzyme with Ki values of 81, 13 and 12 microM, respectively. The malarial enzyme activity was also inhibited by substrate analog of CoQ, 5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, with a 50% inhibitory concentration of 5 microM. The quinone had antimalarial activity against the in vitro growth of P. falciparum with a 50% inhibitory concentration of 0.27 microM and was found to completely inhibit oxygen uptake of the parasite at a concentration of 0.88 microM. A known inhibitor of mammalian mitochondrial SDH, 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone. had no inhibitory effect on both the malarial SDH activity and the oxygen uptake of the parasite at a concentration of 50 microM. Many properties observed in the malarial SDH were found to be different from the host mammalian enzyme.Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 03/2000; 105(2):215-22. · 2.55 Impact Factor
Article: Mitochondrial ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase and cytochrome c oxidase: chemotherapeutic targets in malarial parasites.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In order to demonstrate that the mitochondrial electron transport system may be a target for antimalarial drug design in the human malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum, ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase and cytochrome c oxidase were purified from mitochondria of the parasite cultivated in vitro. It was found that the catalytic efficiency of the two enzymes from the malarial parasite were markedly lower than those from mouse liver mitochondria. The classical inhibitors affecting different quinone binding sites of the mammalian reductase, antimycin and myxothiazole, which had little antimalarial activities on P.falciparum growth in vitro, were found to exhibit little inhibitory effect against the parasite reductase. The malarial parasite reductase was more sensitive to inhibition by the antimalarial drug, 2-[trans-4-(4'-chlorophenyl)cyclohexyl]-3-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, than the mammalian enzyme, suggesting both the therapeutic potential of the target and the drug.Biochemistry and molecular biology international 09/1997; 42(5):1007-14.