Xiaobing Ju

Government of the People's Republic of China, Peping, Beijing, China

Are you Xiaobing Ju?

Claim your profile

Publications (39)123.85 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombectomy is the preferred treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with IVC thrombus. However, IVC thrombectomy using a laparoscopic approach has not been reported for high-level thrombi.
    European Urology. 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of combined computed tomography (CT) arteriography (CTA), venography, and urography in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) with segmental renal artery clamping.
    Urology 10/2014; · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is fundamentally important to the pathogenesis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). We investigated the association between variations of genes related to angiogenesis and the risk of ccRCC. In a case-control study of 859 ccRCC patients and 1004 cancer-free subjects, we genotyped 24 potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven angiogenesis-related genes (HIF1A, EPAS1, VEGFA, VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3 and PDGFRB) using the TaqMan or Snapshot method. Unconditional logistic regression, adjusted for potential confounding factors, was used to assess the risk associations. The functionality of selected SNPs was assessed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and luciferase reporter gene assays. We found two SNPs (VEGFA rs2010963 and VEGFR3 rs448012) that were significantly associated with increased risk of ccRCC, after adjusting for multiple comparisons [rs2010963 CC/GC cf. GG: false discovery rate (FDR) = 0.048, odds ratio (OR) = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.12-1.66; rs448012 CC/GC cf. GG: FDR = 0.048, OR = 1.38, 95% CI =1.13-1.69]. Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that the variant genotypes of rs2010963, but not rs448012, were associated with increased gene expression in normal tissues of ccRCC patients (CC/GC cf. GG: P = 0.036). The luciferase reporter assay showed that the rs2010963 C allele significantly increased luciferase activity over that of the rs2010963 G allele. Our results indicate that VEGFA rs2010963 and VEGFR3 rs448012 are associated with risk of ccRCC. Furthermore, rs2010963 is a functional SNP that may affect ccRCC susceptibility by modulating endogenous VEGFA expression.
    Mutagenesis 09/2014; · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe the feasibility of retroperitoneal laparoscopic reimplantation of the left renal vein (LRV) for nutcracker syndrome (NCS). Patients and Methods: Two patients with NCS underwent the surgery. Both patients complained of gross hematuria and flank discomfort that could not be relieved by resting. They were placed in a supine position and 5 ports were placed in the right abdominal wall. The procedures were performed with a retroperitoneal approach. The LRV was transected and then reimplanted into the distal inferior vena cava. Results: The procedures were performed successfully without any major complications. The total operation time was 105 and 120 min, respectively. Hematuria and flank discomfort were resolved after the surgery. Ultrasonography revealed a patent lumen without compression. Conclusions: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic reimplantation of the LRV appears to be a feasible procedure with satisfactory short-term outcomes. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014; · 1.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over the past two decades, the clinical presentation of renal masses has evolved, where the rising incidence of small renal masses (SRMs) and concomitant minimal invasive treatments have led to noteworthy changes in paradigm of kidney cancer. This study was to perform a proportional meta-analysis of observational studies on perioperative complications and oncological outcomes of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA).
    Chinese medical journal. 07/2014; 127(13):2497-503.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and clinical significance of using a modified liver-mobilization technique to treat renal cell carcinoma (RCC) combined with intrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis. A total of 11 level III thrombus patients underwent radical nephrectomy with resection of the tumor thrombus from intrahepatic IVC. A father clamp was used in combination with hepatic portal blocking to control the IVC. The intraoperative mortality and postoperative complications were reduced in 11 cases of RCC with intrahepatic IVC thrombosis. The mean blood loss was 800 mL, and mean patient hospital stay was 13 days. Follow-up was conducted for one to four months, with only two cases of recurrence recorded. The proposed modified liver-mobilization technique could safely and effectively treat RCC and reduce intrahepatic IVC thrombosis.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 04/2014; 12(1):131. · 1.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Erythropoietin (EPO) is a circulating glycosylated protein hormone and has been implicated in the development and progression of non-hematopoietic tissue tumors. The objective of the present study was to determine if the EPO rs576236 polymorphism was associated with the risk of adrenal tumors. We genotyped the EPO rs576236 polymorphism in a case-control study of 288 adrenal tumor patients and 456 cancer-free controls by using the TaqMan method, and assessed the association between the polymorphism and the adrenal tumor risk by logistic regression. Furthermore, 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the genetic association between the polymorphism and the risk of adrenal tumor. Compared with the TT genotype, the TC genotype had a significantly increased risk of adrenal tumor [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.12-2.22]. Furthermore a significantly increased risk of adrenal tumor was found in the combined variant genotypes TC+CC compared with the TT genotype (adjusted OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.12-2.21). Our present study suggests that the rs576236 polymorphism of EPO confers susceptibility to adrenal tumor in the Chinese population.
    The Journal of Urology 04/2014; 191(4):e14. · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To report our initial experience in treating renal nutcracker syndrome by retroperitoneal laparoscopic extravascular stenting. Patients and Methods: Two male patients, aged 13 and 16 years, were diagnosed with nutcracker syndrome and received retroperitoneal laparoscopic extravascular stent placement. The perioperative data were collected and evaluated. The follow-up was 10 and 18 months. Results: Both procedures were successful without obvious complications. Total operative time was 65 and 50 min, estimated blood loss was 110 and 70 ml, and postoperative hospital stay was 4 and 6 days. The symptom of gross hematuria ceased 3 and 6 days after surgery. Both patients had normal findings during follow-up. Conclusions: Treatment of nutcracker syndrome by retroperitoneal laparoscopic extravascular stent placement is a safe and feasible procedure, especially for youngsters in the period of physical development. Longer follow-up and further experience are needed to evaluate the efficacy of this procedure. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 02/2014; · 1.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Members of the miR-34 family have been shown to be transcriptional targets of the tumour suppressor gene P53. Aberration expression of miR-34 impairs p53-mediated cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. A single nucleotide polymorphism T > C (rs4938723) located within the CpG island in the promoter region of pri-miR-34b/c may affect its expression and has been suggested to influence cancer risk. In this study, we genotyped rs4938723 using the TaqMan method to explore the relationship between this polymorphism and the risk of renal cell cancer (RCC) in a case-control study of 710 RCC patients and 760 control subjects. We found that individuals carrying the CC genotype had a significantly increased RCC risk compared with those with TT or TT/TC genotypes [odds ratio (OR) = 1.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.06-2.21 for CC vs. TT and OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.05-2.10 for CC vs. TT/TC). Furthermore, the increased risk was more evident in the subgroups of older subjects (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.08-3.01), males (OR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.08-2.51), smokers (OR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.16-3.69) and drinkers (OR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.01-3.73), although no interaction between rs4938723 and these characteristics was observed. Twenty-seven normal tissues adjacent to tumour were used to evaluate the association between the expression level of miR-34b/c and the polymorphism, which revealed higher expression levels of miR-34b/c in normal renal tissues with TT+TC genotypes than in those with CC genotypes (P < 0.01). Furthermore, a luciferase gene assay in 293-T cells showed that the luciferase activities with rs4938723 T allele are higher than that with C allele (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the miR-34b/c rs4938723 C allele may increase susceptibility to RCC by decreasing the activity of pri-miR-34b/c promoter.
    Mutagenesis 02/2014; · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In most hospitals, several options for the management of renal stones are available: shockwave lithotripsy, endourologic treatment, or surgery. Choice of treatment is based on the anatomic characteristics of the patient, and the location and size of the stones. In this study we assessed a retroperitoneal laparoscopic technique for treatment of complex renal stones. Seventy-five patients, including 53 men and 22 women with a mean age of 47.8 years (range 18-74 y), underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopy for the treatment of complex renal stones between July 2006 and November 2012 in our hospital. The retroperitoneal laparoscopic procedures for treatment of complex renal stones were completely successful in 73 cases, while 2 cases converted to open surgery. The operative time was 85-190 min with a mean of 96 min. The estimated blood lost was 20-400 mL with a mean of 80 mL. After the operation 7 patients experienced urinary leakage. Ultrasonography, x-ray of the kidney, ureter and bladder, and intravenous urography were reviewed at post-procedural follow-up at 6-82 months. No hydronephrosis aggravation was found, and there was no calculus recurrence. The merits of retroperitoneal laparoscopy for the treatment of complex renal stones include sparing the nephron, less bleeding, short hospitalization, quick postoperative recovery, and controllable procedure after training Success depends on the experience of surgeons and judicious selection of cases.
    BMC Urology 02/2014; 14(1):16. · 1.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although cystitis glandularis (CG) is a common benign urinary bladder epithelial abnormality, it remains unclear whether CG is a premalignant lesion. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) overexpression has recently been reported as a potential tumor initiator or promoter. We evaluated and compared COX-2 and Bcl-2 expression in CG, chronic cystitis (CC), and primary vesicle adenocarcinoma (ADC) tissues. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate COX-2 and Bcl-2 levels in CG and ADC. We obtained tissue samples from 75 patients (including 11 cases of CC, 30 typical cases of CG (CGTP), 30 cases of intestinal CG (CGIT), and 4 cases of ADC) between 1989 and 2009 from the Surgical Pathology Archives of the No. 2 People's Hospital of Zhenjiang, affiliated with Jiangsu University. COX-2 and Bcl-2 immunohistochemical staining was performed on all tissues. Nine normal bladder epithelial specimens were evaluated as control samples. Correlations between COX-2 and Bcl-2 expression in CG were also analyzed. COX-2 and Bcl-2 expression was higher in the ADC group compared to other groups (p < 0.05). COX-2 and Bcl-2 levels were higher in the CGIT group compared to the CGTP group (p = 0.000 for both). The CGIT and CGTP groups both showed higher COX-2 expression compared to the CC group (p = 0.000 for both). There was no difference in Bcl-2 expression between the CGTP and CC groups (p = 0.452). Additionally, the difference in COX-2 and Bcl-2 expression between the control and CC groups was also insignificant (p = 0.668 and p = 0.097, respectively). Finally, we found that COX-2 and Bcl-2 levels were positively related (r = 0.648, p = 0.000). COX-2 and Bcl-2 overexpression in the CG group suggests that CG, particularly the intestinal type, may be a premalignant lesion that converts into a tumor in the presence of carcinogens.
    BMC Urology 01/2014; 14(1):2. · 1.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent large-scale transcriptome analyses have found large numbers of transcripts, including that of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are aberrant in various diseases, especially cancers. However, it is not clear whether lncRNAs are involved specifically in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We investigated the expression patterns of lncRNAs in five RCC tumor samples (T) relative to those of matched adjacent non-tumor tissues (N) via microarray.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e99372. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Raf-1 kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) plays a critical role in tumor development by regulating cell functions such as invasion, apoptosis and differentiation. Down-regulation of RKIP expression has been implicated in the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Herein, we hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms in RKIP might be associated with susceptibility and progression of RCC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(10):e109285. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are members of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family that play important roles in carcinogenesis. We hypothesized that the functional polymorphisms in IGF-I and IGFBP-3 may be associated with the risk of prostate cancer (PCa) in the Chinese population. This hospital-based case-control study included 664 PCa patients and 702 cancer-free controls. Nine SNPs in IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were genotyped using the TaqMan assay. The genetic associations between the pathogenesis and progression of PCa were assessed by logistic regression. We found that the genotype and allele frequency distribution of rs6218, rs35767 and rs5742612 were significantly different when comparing PCa cases to controls (P = 0.005, 0.005 and 0.020, respectively). In the combined analysis, individuals with 2-6 risk alleles had an elevated risk of PCa compared to those with 0-1 risk alleles. We also found that the association between the combined risk alleles and the risk of PCa appeared stronger in the following subgroups: individuals older than 71 years of age (OR = 1.41, 95%CI = 1.05-1.91, P = 0.020), nonsmokers (OR = 1.68, 95%CI = 1.21-2.32, P = 0.002), nondrinkers (OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 1.02-1.61, P = 0.002), and those with a negative family history of PCa (OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.02-1.71, P = 0.022). Our results indicate that the three SNPs (rs6218, rs35767 and rs5742612) and the joint genotypes with 2-6 risk alleles, may contribute to the susceptibility to PCa, but not the progression, in the Chinese population.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e85609. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abnormal expression of Baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat-containing 5 (BIRC5, also called as survivin), a novel member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, has implications in many types of cancer and is considered as a new therapeutic target. We suppose that genetic variant rs9904341 in the 5[prime] UTR region of survivin gene may be associated with the development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa) in Chinese population. TaqMan assay method was used to genotype the polymorphism in the hospital-based case--control analysis of 665 patients with PCa and 710 age-matched cancer-free controls. The genetic associations with the occurrence and progression of PCa were calculated by logistic regression. Our results indicated that compared with GG genotypes, there was a statistically significant increased risk of PCa associated with those with CC genotypes [odds ratios (ORs) = 1.57, 95%confidence intervals (CIs) = 1.17-2.13, P = 0.004]. Moreover, stratification analysis revealed that the association was more pronounced in subgroups of nondrinkers, nonsmokers and those without a family history of cancer (all P < 0.05). In addition, we observed that PSA >= 20 was more frequent in patients carrying GC/CC genotypes than in those with a wild type genotype. The functional survivin rs9904341 genetic variant may have a substantial influence on the PCa susceptibility and evolution.
    BMC Cancer 07/2013; 13(1):356. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression pattern of Sprouty2 (Spry2) and its clinicopathologic significance among patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to detect its role in proliferation and invasion of RCC in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression profile of Spry2 in RCC and matched adjacent noncancerous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The expression of Spry2 was depleted by stably transfecting with small, interfering ribonucleic acid and the effects of Spry2 were assessed using the cell proliferation and transwell assay. RESULTS: We found Spry2 protein expressed at lower levels and modestly downregulated in cancerous RCC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissue (P <.001). We also measured the expression level of Spry2 in 103 archived RCC tissues by immunohistochemical staining and found its correlation with clinicopathologic findings such as tumor size (P = .002), pathologic TNM stage (P <.001), tumor grade (P <.001), lymph node metastasis (P = .001), distant metastasis (P <.001), and poor survival (P = .001). In addition, small interfering ribonucleic acid-induced depletion of Spry2 expression promoted proliferation and invasion in RCC cell lines. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our results have demonstrated for the first time, to our knowledge, that Spry2 might offer an attractive new target for prognostic and therapeutic intervention in RCC.
    Urology 05/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process that plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of human cancers. High-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) has been found to be involved in the EMT program, with its aberrant expression having been observed in a variety of malignant tumors. However, the mechanisms regulating HMGA2 expression remain incompletely understood. The objective of this study was to investigate whether mir-154 plays a critical role in EMT by regulating HMGA2. The expression levels of HMGA2 were examined in four samples of prostate cancer (PCa) tissue and adjacent non-tumorous tissue by Western blot analysis. The effects of forced expression of miR-154 or HMGA2 knockdown on PCa cells were evaluated by cell migration and invasion assays and Western blot analysis. HMGA2 was upregulated in the PCa tissue samples compared with the adjacent normal ones. Forced expression of miR-154 or HMGA2 knockdown significantly reduced the migratory and invasive capabilities of PCa cells in vitro and inhibited EMT gene expression, increased the levels of E-cadherin, an epithelial marker, and decreased the levels of vimentin, a mesenchymal marker. HMGA2 is a direct target gene of miR-154 by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Our findings suggest that miR-154 plays a role in regulating EMT by targeting HMGA2. Understanding the targets and regulating pathways of miR-154 may provide new insights into the underlying pathogenesis of PCa.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 04/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of short non-coding RNAs that function in diverse biological processes. Aberrant miR-152 expression has been frequently reported in various malignant tumors. However, the mechanism of miR-152 in prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear. This study aims to determine the function of miR-152 in PCa cells and identify the novel molecular targets regulated by miR-152. METHODS: The expression levels of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGFα) were determined in three samples of PCa and adjacent non-tumorous tissues by Western blot analysis. miR-152 levels in 48 primary PCa and 15 non-malignant tissue samples were measured by qRT-PCR. The effects of forced miR-152 expression or TGFα knockdown on PCa cells were evaluated by cell migration and invasion assays, as well as Western blot analysis. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to identify binding sites between miR-152 and TGFα 3'-UTR. RESULTS: TGFα was upregulated in PCa tissue samples compared with that in adjacent normal ones. miR-152 expression was significantly decreased in primary PCa samples compared with that in non-malignant samples. Patients with Gleason scores >7 exhibited lower miR-152 levels than those with lower scores. Moreover, low miR-152 expression is correlated with advanced pathological T-stages. Forced miR-152 expression or TGFα knockdown significantly reduced the migratory and invasive capabilities of PCa cells in vitro. TGFα is a direct target gene of miR-152. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that miR-152 can act as a tumor suppressor that targets TGFα. miR-152 is a promising molecular target that inhibits PCa cell migration and invasion. Prostate © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    The Prostate 03/2013; · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Research has shown reduced expression levels of miR-154 in prostate cancer (CaP). However, the function and molecular mechanisms of miR-154 in this cancer type remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the functional significance of miR-154 in CaP cells and to identify the novel molecular targets regulated by miR-154. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miR-154 expression significantly decreased in primary CaP samples compared with nonmalignant samples measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Restoration of miR-154 lowered the potential of CaP cell lines to grow and proliferate in vitro evaluated by CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry. miR-154 down-regulated the expression of CCND2 by binding to its 3'-untranslated region by luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSIONS: miR-154 plays a prominent role in CaP proliferation by suppressing CCND2, and it may provide a new approach to the treatment of CaP.
    Urologic Oncology 02/2013; · 3.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-androgen receptor-alpha agonist, is widely used in treating different forms of hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia. Recent reports have indicated that fenofibrate exerts anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic properties. This study aims to investigate the effects of fenofibrate on the prostate cancer (PCa) cell line LNCaP. The effects of fenofibrate on LNCaP cells were evaluated by flow cytometry, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, Western blot analysis, and dual-luciferase reporter assay. Fenofibrate induces cell cycle arrest in G1 phase and apoptosis in LNCaP cells, reduces the expressions of androgen receptor (AR) and AR target genes (prostate-specific antigen and TMPRSS2), and inhibits Akt phosphorylation. Fenofibrate can induce the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, and decrease the activities of total anti-oxidant and superoxide dismutase in LNCaP cells. Fenofibrate exerts an anti-proliferative property by inhibiting the expression of AR and induces apoptosis by causing oxidative stress. Therefore, our data suggest fenofibrate may have beneficial effects in fenofibrate users by preventing prostate cancer growth through inhibition of androgen activation and expression.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

136 Citations
123.85 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Government of the People's Republic of China
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010–2014
    • Nanjing Medical University
      • Department of Urology
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2012–2013
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China