N S Shin

Seoul National University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (12)13.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to investigate whether nuclear transfer of postmortem wolf somatic cells into enucleated dog oocytes, is a feasible method to produce a cloned wolf. In vivo-matured oocytes (from domestic dogs) were enucleated and fused with somatic cells derived from culture of tissue obtained from a male gray wolf 6h after death. The reconstructed embryos were activated and transferred into the oviducts of naturally synchronous domestic bitches. Overall, 372 reconstructed embryos were transferred to 17 recipient dogs; four recipients (23.5%) were confirmed pregnant (ultrasonographically) 23-25 d after embryo transfer. One recipient spontaneously delivered two dead pups and three recipients delivered, by cesarean section, four cloned wolf pups, weighing 450, 190, 300, and 490g, respectively. The pup that weighed 190g died within 12h after birth. The six cloned wolf pups were genetically identical to the donor wolf, and their mitochondrial DNA originated from the oocyte donors. The three live wolf pups had a normal wolf karyotype (78, XY), and the amount of telomeric DNA, assessed by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization, was similar to, or lower than, that of the nuclear donor. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated the successful cloning of an endangered male gray wolf via interspecies transfer of somatic cells, isolated postmortem from a wolf, and transferred into enucleated dog oocytes. Therefore, somatic cell nuclear transfer has potential for preservation of canine species in extreme situations, including sudden death.
    Theriogenology 07/2008; 70(4):638-47. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 7-year-old female Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) at the Seoul Grand Park, Korea, died after displaying depression, anorexia, weight loss and rough skin for several days. At necropsy, a solitary friable round mass, which was approximately 12 x 9 x 5 cm and mottled dark red and yellow, was found bulging from the right hepatic lobe. Microscopically, the nonencapsulated, poorly circumscribed mass was composed of solid sheets of neoplastic hepatocytes. In addition, numerous small tan foci, ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 cm in diameter, were evenly scattered throughout the pancreatic tissue. These foci were found to be nonencapsulated, well-demarcated hyperplastic nodules of the exocrine pancreatic gland. We observed neither intrahepatic nor extrahepatic metastases. Based on the gross and microscopic changes, we diagnosed the animal as having a hepatocellular adenoma accompanied by exocrine pancreatic nodular hyperplasia.
    Journal of Veterinary Science 04/2007; 8(1):103-5. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the world, canine species, including the gray wolf, have been gradually endangered or extinct. Many efforts have been made to recover and conserve these canids. The aim of this study was to produce the endangered gray wolf with somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) for conservation. Adult ear fibroblasts from a female gray wolf (Canis lupus) were isolated and cultured in vitro as donor cells. Because of limitations in obtaining gray wolf matured oocytes, in vivo matured canine oocytes obtained by flushing the oviducts from the isthmus to the infundibulum were used. After removing the cumulus cells, the oocyte was enucleated, microinjected, fused with a donor cell, and activated. The reconstructed cloned wolf embryos were transferred into the oviducts of the naturally synchronized surrogate mothers. Two pregnancies were detected by ultrasonography at 23 days of gestation in recipient dogs. In each surrogate dog, two fetal sacs were confirmed by early pregnancy diagnosis at 23 days, but only two cloned wolves were delivered. The first cloned wolf was delivered by cesarean section on October 18, 2005, 60 days after embryo transfer. The second cloned wolf was delivered on October 26, 2005, at 61 days postembryo transfer. Microsatellite analysis was performed with genomic DNA from the donor wolf, the two cloned wolves, and the two surrogate female recipients to confirm the genetic identity of the cloned wolves. Analysis of 19 microsatellite loci confirmed that the cloned wolves were genetically identical to the donor wolf. In conclusion, we demonstrated live birth of two cloned gray wolves by nuclear transfer of wolf somatic cells into enucleated canine oocyte, indicating that SCNT is a practical approach for conserving endangered canids.
    Cloning and Stem Cells 02/2007; 9(1):130-7. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of viral nervous necrosis (VNN) in cultured marine fish. A total of 237 apparently healthy aquarium fish, marine (65 species) and freshwater (12 species) fishes and marine invertebrates (4 species), which were stocked in a commercial aquarium in Seoul, South Korea, were collected from November 2005 to February 2006. The brains of the fish and other tissues of the invertebrates were examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and nested PCR to detect betanodavirus. Positive nested PCR results were obtained from the brains of 8 marine fish species (shrimp fish Aeoliscus strigatus, milkfish Chanos chanos, three spot damsel Dascyllus trimaculatus, Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus, pinecone fish Monocentris japonica, blue ribbon eel Rhinomuraena quaesita, look down fish Selene vomer, yellow tang Zebrasoma flavesenes), 1 marine invertebrate species (spiny lobster Pamulirus versicolor), and 2 freshwater fish species (South American leaf fish Monocirrhus polyacanthus and red piranha Pygocentrus nattereri). The detection rate in nested PCR was 11/237 (4.64%). These subclinically infected aquarium fish and invertebrates may constitute an inoculum source of betanodaviruses for cultured fishes in the Korean Peninsula.
    Journal of Veterinary Science 01/2007; 7(4):369-74. · 0.93 Impact Factor
  • N S Shin, I-S Lee, Y-S Yoon, H S Lee
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study was to provide a quantitative analysis of calcium-binding proteins, calbindin (CB), parvalbumin (PA), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and galanin (GAL), in trigeminal ganglia of goats, to establish whether they exhibit coexistence relationships between each other, and to examine possible colocalization with SP, CGRP and GAL, which have been well characterized according to their distributions in an abundance of large and/or small neurones. CB (12.78%), PA (31.91%), SP (24.63%), CGRP (44.44%) and GAL (3.29%) immunoreactive (IR) cells were observed. About 38.37, 8.7 and 0.73% of CGRP-IR neurones in the trigeminal ganglion were also immunoreacted with SP, GAL and CB, respectively. Almost all SP-IR cells are labelled with CGRP (approximately 92.52%), whereas only 16.02 and 0.44% of SP-IR neurones colocalized with GAL and CB. Approximately 4.65 and 1.10% of the CB-IR cells were found to contain CGRP and SP immunoreactivity, respectively. Conversely, no CB-IR cell exhibited GAL immunoreactivity. In addition, all the GAL-IR cells showed CGRP and SP immunoreactivity. The number of CB-, PA-, SP-, CGRP- and GAL-IR neurones in goat trigeminal ganglion are abundant than that of other animals. These results elucidate that the goat differs from other mammalian species in the distribution and localization of neurochemical substances in trigeminal ganglia, and suggest that this difference may be relevant to the morphological characteristics of cerebral vasculatures such as epidural rete mirabile of goat.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 11/2003; 32(5):310-5. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endocarditis associated with Escherichia coli was diagnosed in a 2-year-old male California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). The diagnosis was based on light microscopic examination and bacterial isolation from the valvular lesion. This is the first case of bacterial endocarditis reported in a sea lion.
    Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation: official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc 06/2002; 14(3):260-2. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 22-year-old female mandrill (Mandrillus sphinix) with continuously growing mass at the right mammary gland area was found dead, and a postmortem examination was performed. At necropsy, an elevated firm subcutaneous mass about 5 cm in diameter was present at the right mammary gland area. Axillary, mediastinal, and tracheobronchial lymph nodes were enlarged 2 to 4 times their normal sizes. Numerous metastatic foci 2 to 5 mm in diameter were scattered in the lung. Histologically, the tumor was diagnosed as mammary gland adenocarcinoma. Metastasis to the regional lymph nodes and lung was also confirmed. This is the first reported case of a mammary gland tumor in mandrill in Asia.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 12/2001; 63(11):1233-5. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    The Veterinary record 11/2001; 149(16):490-1. · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An example of lymphoblastic lymphosarcoma was found in a 7-year-old male brown bear (Ursus arctos) that died after having a 7-month history of depression, anorexia and watery diarrhea. Grossly the mesenteric lymph nodes were enlarged to approximately 4 to 6 times their normal size and histologically diagnosed as lymphoblastic lymphosarcoma. The small intestinal mucosa was corrugated and had severe mural thickening due to infiltrated neoplastic cells. Hepatic metastasis was also noted. This is the first reported case of lymphosarcoma in Ursidae in Korea. As an incidental finding, endogenous lipid pneumonia was noted in the lung.
    Journal of Veterinary Science 09/2001; 2(2):143-5. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 20-yr-old female Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) died following a 3-wk history of depression, anorexia, and progressive respiratory distress. At necropsy, numerous soft to firm, tan or blood-filled nodular structures, 1-6 cm in diameter, were noted in the lung and the visceral and parietal pleura and within the mediastinum. Similar nodules were also found in the liver, spleen, kidney, and lymph nodes. Histologically, the nodules were diagnosed as hemangiosarcoma. A benign teratoma was present in the left ovary.
    Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 10/1999; 30(3):456-8. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An 8-yr-old female tiger (Panthera tigris) died following a 2-wk history of progressive depression, anorexia, respiratory insufficiency, and exercise intolerance. At the time of necropsy, numerous coalescing, 4-20-mm, tan, firm nodules were scattered throughout the pleural surfaces of the thoracic wall and the mediastinum, giving a velvety appearance to these surfaces. Histologically, the nodules were diagnosed as malignant pleural mesothelioma. Secondary metastasis to the regional tracheobronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes was observed.
    Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 04/1998; 29(1):81-3. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A respiratory disorder was noted in a 5-year-old female orangutan kept in the Yongin Farmland. Radiographically, multiple radiodense foci ranging from 2 to 6 mm diameter were seen throughout the lung lobes. Grossly, the thoracic cavity revealed a firm texture and grayish-pink discoloration of the left apical lung lobe. Histopathologically, multifocal areas of granulomatous pneumonia present the right and left apical lung lobes. Both primers from IS1081 and IS6110 targeting 196 bp and 245 bp respectively were used in polymerase chain reaction, Mycobacterium tuberculosis was isolated from liver and confirmed by polymerase chain reaction.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 11/1995; 57(5):951-3. · 0.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

115 Citations
13.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998–2003
    • Seoul National University
      • • College of Veterinary Medicine
      • • Department of Veterinary Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001
    • Virginia Commonwealth University
      • Department of Pathology
      Richmond, VA, United States