[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gingivitis is a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the gingival tissue, which can progress to periodontitis and tooth loss. Although many studies have attempted to identify salivary proteins that are associated with the disease, this is the first study to use a proteomic approach to analyze and compare the proteomic profile of whole saliva from gingivitis patients and healthy controls.
To analyze the saliva proteome, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography were used, followed by mass spectrometry.
The analyses showed that gingival inflammation was associated with increased amounts of blood proteins (serum albumin and hemoglobin), immunoglobulin peptides and keratins. In the control group, salivary cystatins, which were detected using capillary Liquid Chromatography on line to electrospray ionization Quadrupole Time-of-flight mass spectrometry, appeared to be more abundant.
This approach provides novel insight into profiles of the salivary proteome during gingival inflammation, which may contribute to improvements in diagnosis.
Journal of Periodontal Research 06/2011; 46(5):599-606. · 1.99 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory process affecting tooth supporting tissues in the presence of pathogenic bacterial biofilm. There is some evidence for changes in the protein composition of whole saliva from chronic periodontitis patients, but there have been no studies using a proteomic approach. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare the protein profiles of unstimulated whole saliva from patients with periodontitis and healthy subjects by two complementary approaches (2D-gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography). Protein spots of interest were analyzed by MALDI-TOF-TOF, and the data was complemented by an ESI-Q-TOF experiment. The analyses revealed that subjects with periodontal disease have increased amounts of blood proteins (serum albumin and hemoglobin) and immunoglobulin, and they have a lower abundance of cystatin compared to the control group. A higher number of protein spots were observed in the periodontitis group, of which most were identified as alpha-amylase. This higher number of alpha-amylase variants seems to be caused by hydrolysis by cysteine proteases under such inflammatory conditions. This approach gives novel insights into alterations of salivary protein in presence of periodontal inflammation and may contribute to the improvement of periodontal diagnosis.
Journal of proteomics 03/2010; 73(7):1334-41. · 5.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are known to be involved in the periodontal disease process. Results of in vivo MMPs and TIMPs gene expressions in the gingiva, though, are still controversial. In the present study, we compared the gene expression of MMP-1, -2, -9, -13 and TIMP-1, -2 in healthy and inflamed gingiva.
38 gingival samples were collected from gingivitis (n = 10), advanced chronic periodontitis (n = 10), generalized aggressive periodontitis (n = 8) and periodontally healthy individuals (n = 10). Total RNA isolated from those samples was subjected to reverse transcription followed by amplification by polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Products were visualized in agarose gels and quantified by optical densitometry. Samples were also processed for gelatin zymography and Western blotting for MMP-2 and MMP-9 in order to assess for post-transcriptional MMP regulation at the protein level.
The frequencies and levels of transcripts encoding MMPs and TIMPs were found to be not significantly different among groups (p > 0.05, Fisher's Exact and Kruskall-Wallis tests). There is a trend towards higher MMP-2 and -9 gelatinase activities in the inflamed samples, although not statistically significant. In contrast, zymography and Western blotting studies show that MMP-2 is virtually absent in the chronic periodontitis group.
These results could reflect a complex regulation of MMPs and TIMPs' gene expression in the course of gingival inflammation. They also reveal a great biological diversity even among individuals with similar periodontal status.
Journal of Periodontal Research 06/2008; 43(5):570-7. · 1.99 Impact Factor