[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on the serum S-100B levels were studied as an index for brain damage after permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in rabbits. Twenty rabbits were divided into four groups (n=5): control, sham, non-treatment and CAPE. The right MCA was occluded using a microsurgical procedure with bipolar coagulation and was then transected in non-treatment and CAPE groups. The rabbits in the sham group underwent a surgical procedure but the MCA was not occluded. No surgery was performed in the control group. CAPE was administered after MCA occlusion at the dose of 10 microg/kg, once a day intraperitoneally for 7 days in the CAPE group. Serum S-100B levels were determined on days 1, 2, 4 and 7. Serum S-100B level was significantly increased following permanent MCA occlusion. Posttreatment of CAPE significantly reduced the serum S-100B level. This study demonstrated that CAPE is capable of attenuating increased serum S-100B level induced by MCA occlusion in rabbits. CAPE may be useful as a neuroprotective agent.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The protective effects of diltiazem were examined in a rabbit model of spinal cord ischaemia-reperfusion induced by infrarenal aortic occlusion for 30 min. In the diltiazem group (n = 6), an intravenous infusion (2 microg/kg per min) was started 10 min before ischaemia induction; normal saline solution was infused in the control group (n = 6). Neurological function was assessed using modified Tarlov criteria 24 h after surgery. Plasma samples were analysed for interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10. Spinal tissue was analysed for malondialdehyde, nitric oxide and reduced glutathione activities. Tarlov scores of the diltiazem-treated rabbits indicated significantly improved hind-limb motor function compared with the control group. The diltiazem group also had better quantitative and qualitative histopathological findings. Diltiazem infusion significantly reduced IL-6 levels 3 and 24 h after reperfusion compared with the control group. The mean IL-10 level in the diltiazem group was significantly higher than in the control group 24 h after reperfusion. It is concluded that diltiazem has cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties, leading to reduced spinal cord injury.
The Journal of international medical research 03/2009; 37(2):520-33. · 0.96 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Trimetazidine (TMZ) is an anti-ischemic agent which has been used for years as an effective anti-anginal agent in cardiac patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of TMZ on the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT), histopathological changes and the number of myelinated axons in a crush injury model of sciatic nerve in rats. In this study, 50 Wistar albino rats were used and the right sciatic nerves of all animals were injured. They were randomly divided into two groups equal in number, called treatment and non-treatment groups. The animals were subdivided into four subgroups, non-injury/non-treatment (left sciatic nerves of non-treatment animals, NI-NT) and non-injury/treatment (left sciatic nerves of treatment animals, NI-T) and injury/non-treatment (right sciatic nerves of non-treatment animals, I-NT) and injury/treatment (right sciatic nerves of treatment animals, I-T). At the end of the experiment, the bilateral sciatic nerves and blood samples collected from these animals were analyzed using histological, stereological and biochemical methods. There was a progressive increase in the serum level of GSH and progressive decrease in serum MDA levels in the treatment group. Progressive decrease in serum NO levels was observed in the treatment groups and it was statistically significant on day 14 (p<0.05) compared to the non-treatment group. The activities of CAT were low in the treatment groups on days 21 (p<0.05) and 42 (p<0.05). In the NI-NT group, some unimportant degenerative changes such as irregularity in myelin sheets were observed. Many pathologic changes in the I-NT group and some minimal degeneration in the I-T group were observed. TMZ treatment resulted in increases in the myelinated axon numbers by a range of 223 to 604 in the I-NT group compared to the I-T. In conclusion, TMZ appears to be beneficial for induction of axonal regeneration and myelination in healthy nerves as well as injured nerves.
Brain research 11/2008; 1247:11-20. · 2.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study was conducted to investigate whether caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of propolis extract, has a protective effect on brain injury after focal permanent cerebral ischemia, and to determine the possible antioxidant mechanisms. Cerebral infarction in adult male New Zealand rabbits was induced by microsurgical procedures producing right focal permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO). CAPE was administered to the treatment group after pMCAO at a dose of 10 micromol kg(-1) once a day intraperitoneally for 7 days. Neurological deficits were evaluated, using a modified six-point scale. Spectrophotometric assay was used to determine the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT), nitric oxide (NO) and xanthine oxidase (XO). In the ipsilateral hemisphere, the infarct volume of the brain was assessed in brain slices stained with heamatoxylen and eosin. The results showed that treatment with CAPE significantly reduced the percentage of infarction in the ipsilateral hemisphere compared with the ischemia group. CAPE treatment significantly attenuated the elevation of plasma MDA, CAT and XO content (p<0.05), whereas it significantly increased the levels of plasma GSH and NO (p<0.05). Therefore, subacute CAPE administration plays a protective role in focal pMCAO due to attenuation of lipid peroxidation and its antioxidant activity. All of these findings suggest that CAPE provides neuroprotection against cerebral ischemia injury through its antioxidant action.
Brain Research 03/2008; 1201:135-42. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Testicular torsion is a serious urological emergency, usually involving newborns, children, and adolescents which can lead to subfertility and infertility. Prevention of testicular damage caused by torsion is still a clinical and experimental problem. So far many chemicals and drugs have been investigated for decreasing ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in experimental animals. The possible protective effect of darbepoetin alfa, a novel erythropoietic protein, on testicular tissue after I/R injury was examined in this study.
Thirty rats were divided into three groups: sham operation, torsion/detorsion, and torsion/detorsion plus darbepoetin alfa groups. After torsion (2 hours) and detorsion (4 hours), bilateral orchiectomy was performed. Malondialdehyde, nitric oxide and glutathione levels were determined in testicular tissue.
Administration of darbepoetin alfa caused a decrease of malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels and an increase in glutathione levels compared with the torsion/detorsion group. In addition, histological injury scores were significantly decreased in the treatment group more than the torsion/detorsion group.
The results suggest that darbepoetin alfa may be a potential protective agent for preventing testicular injury caused by testis torsion.
International Journal of Urology 10/2007; 14(9):846-50. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: For this study, 100 Holstein crossbreed cows aged between 4 to 8 years, admitted to Antakya Slaughterhouse, were used. After clinical examination, urine samples were collected by catheterization from urinary bladder for urine analyses using reagent dipsticks and microscopy. In ultrasonography; abnormal appearances were observed in 18 cows, including smail kidney with echogenicity in two, a hydronephrosis in one, renal ca1culi İn two, alteration of the corticomedullary architecture in one, dilated renal pelvis and irregularly shaped kidneys with echogenic cortex in four, patchy hyperechoic cortex and poor demarcalion between cortex and medulla in five, and renomegaly in three. Urinalyses revealed the presence of leukocyte, erythrocyte, phosphate and/or siliceous crystals in the 18 cows. Therefore, it is concluded that both transrectal ultrasonography and urine analysis appears to be adequate for diagnosis of renal diseases.