Monika Hofstetter

Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (5)17.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) controls matrix metalloproteinase activity through 1:1stoichiometric binding. Human TIMP-1 fused to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol(GPI) anchor (TIMP-1 - GPI) shifts the activity of TIMP-1 from the extracellular matrix to the cell surface. TIMP-1 - GPI treated renal cell carcinoma cells show increased apoptosis and reduced proliferation.Transcriptomic profiling and regulatory pathway mapping were used to identify the potential mechanisms driving these effects. Significant changes in the DNA binding inhibitors, TGF- β 1/SMAD and BMP pathways resulted from TIMP-1 - GPI treatment. These events were linked to reduced TGF- β 1 signaling mediated by inhibition of proteolytic processing of latent TGF- β 1 by TIMP-1 - GPI.
    Biological Chemistry 12/2012; 393(12):1463-70. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases exhibit diverse physiological/biological functions including moderation of the proteolytic processing of growth factors and turnover of extracellular matrix. These various biological activities are linked in part to the stoichiometry of tissue inhibitor of metalloprotein/matrix metalloprotein (TIMP/MMP)/surface protein interactions. TIMP-1, a secreted protein, can be detected on the cell surface only through its interaction with surface-bound proteins. Proteins anchored by glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI), when purified and added to cells or tissues, are efficiently incorporated into their surface membranes. A GPI anchor was fused to TIMP-1 to focus defined concentrations of the inhibitory protein independently on the surface of primary dermal fibroblast cells. Exogenously added recombinant TIMP-1-GPI effectively inserted into the cell membrane of fibroblasts blocked the secretion of MMPs and markedly altered the stoichiometry of MMP association with the cell surface. TIMP-1-GPI treatment resulted in inhibition of fibroblast-reduced proliferation, and transiently reduced expression of fibrosis-associated genes. These effects were dose dependent. Treated cells also showed a more proapoptotic phenotype based on apoptotic assays and western blot analysis for apoptosis-associated protein expression. GPI-anchored TIMP-1 may represent a more effective version of the protein for use in therapeutic approaches to help control fibrosis and scar formation.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 25 October 2012; doi:10.1038/jid.2012.375.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 10/2012; · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) controls matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity through 1:1 stochiometric binding. Human TIMP-1 fused to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor (TIMP-1-GPI) shifts the activity of TIMP-1 from the extracellular matrix to the cell surface. TIMP-1-GPI treated renal cell carcinoma cells (RCC) show increased apoptosis and reduced proliferation. Transcriptomic profiling and regulatory pathway mapping were used to identify potential mechanisms driving these effects. Significant changes in inhibitor of DNA binding (IDs), TGF-β1/SMAD and BMP pathways resulted from TIMP-1-GPI treatment. These events were linked to reduced TGF-β1 signaling mediated by inhibition of proteolytic processing of latent TGF-β1 by TIMP-1-GPI.
    Biological Chemistry 08/2012; · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exogenous application of recombinant TIMP-1 protein modified by addition of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor allows efficient insertion of the fusion protein into cell membranes. This 'cell surface engineering' leads to changes in the proteolytic environment. TIMP-1-GPI shows enhanced as well as novel in vitro biological activities including suppression of proliferation, reduced migration, and inhibition of invasion of the colon carcinoma cell line SW480. Treatment of SW480 tumors implanted in Rag (-/-) common gamma chain (-/-) C57BL/6 mice with peritumorally applied TIMP-1-GPI, control rhTIMP-1 protein, or vehicle shows that TIMP-1-GPI leads to a significant reduction in tumor growth.
    Biological Chemistry 07/2009; 390(9):893-7. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resistance to apoptosis is a prominent feature of malignant melanoma. Hyperthermic therapy can be an effective adjuvant treatment for some tumors including melanoma. We developed a fusion protein based on the tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 linked to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor (TIMP-1-GPI). The TIMP-1-GPI-fusion protein shows unique properties. Exogenous administration of TIMP-1-GPI can result in transient morphological changes to treated cells including modulation of proliferation and decreased resistance to apoptosis. The effect of TIMP-1-GPI on the biology of melanoma in the context of a defined hyperthermic dose was evaluated in vitro. Clonogenic assays were used to measure cell survival. Gelatinase zymography determined secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Monoclonal antibody against FAS/CD95 was applied to induce apoptosis. The expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins and the secretion of immunoregulatory cytokines were then evaluated using Western blot and ELISA. TIMP-1-GPI combined with a sub-lethal hyperthermic treatment (41.8 degrees C for 2 h) suppressed tumor cell growth capacity as measured by clonogenic assay. The co-treatment also significantly suppressed tumor cell proliferation, enhanced FAS receptor surface expression increased tumor cell susceptibility to FAS-mediated killing. The increased sensitivity to FAS-induced apoptosis was linked to alterations in the apoptotic mediators Bcl-2, Bax, Bcl-XL and Apaf-1. The agent works in concert with sub-lethal hyperthermic treatment to render melanoma cells sensitive to FAS killing. The targeted delivery of TIMP-1-GPI to tumor environments in the context of regional hyperthermic therapy could be optimized through the use of thermosensitive liposomes.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 08/2008; 58(3):361-71. · 3.64 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

15 Citations
17.88 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2012
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • • Department of Internal Medicine IV
      • • Department of Internal Medicine I
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2009
    • Technische Universität München
      • Clinic and Polyclinic for Surgery
      München, Bavaria, Germany