Monia Amaddii

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gieben, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (4)19.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our previous work has shown that the membrane microdomain-associated flotillin proteins are potentially involved in epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor signaling. Here we show that knockdown of flotillin-1/reggie-2 results in reduced EGF-induced phosphorylation of specific tyrosines in the EGF receptor (EGFR) and in inefficient activation of the downstream mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and Akt signaling. Although flotillin-1 has been implicated in endocytosis, its depletion affects neither the endocytosis nor the ubiquitination of the EGFR. However, EGF-induced clustering of EGFR at the cell surface is altered in cells lacking flotillin-1. Furthermore, we show that flotillins form molecular complexes with EGFR in an EGF/EGFR kinase-independent manner. However, knockdown of flotillin-1 appears to affect the activation of the downstream MAP kinase signaling more directly. We here show that flotillin-1 forms a complex with CRAF, MEK1, ERK, and KSR1 (kinase suppressor of RAS) and that flotillin-1 knockdown leads to a direct inactivation of ERK1/2. Thus, flotillin-1 plays a direct role during both the early phase (activation of the receptor) and late (activation of MAP kinases) phase of growth factor signaling. Our results here unveil a novel role for flotillin-1 as a scaffolding factor in the regulation of classical MAP kinase signaling. Furthermore, our results imply that other receptor-tyrosine kinases may also rely on flotillin-1 upon activation, thus suggesting a general role for flotillin-1 as a novel factor in receptor-tyrosine kinase/MAP kinase signaling.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2012; 287(10):7265-78. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reggie-1/flotillin-2 and reggie-2/flotillin-1 are membrane raft associated proteins which have been implicated in growth factor signaling, phagocytosis, regulation of actin cytoskeleton and membrane trafficking. Membrane and raft association of reggies is mediated by myristoylation, palmitoylation and oligomerization. We have shown that upon EGF stimulation of cells, reggie-1 is tyrosine phosphorylated by Src kinase and endocytosed into late endosomes. Here we have analyzed the mechanism of the EGF-stimulated endocytosis of reggies in more detail and show that the Src-mediated phosphorylation of reggie-1 is not the driving force for endocytosis. However, hetero-oligomerization with reggie-2 is necessary for the translocation of reggie-1, which does not take place in the absence of reggie-2. In addition, the Y163F mutant of reggie-1, which is not capable of undergoing endocytosis, oligomerizes poorly with reggie-2. EGF stimulation results in changes in the size but not in the stoichiometry of the reggie hetero-oligomers, and reggie-1 oligomer size is decreased by knockdown of reggie-2. Based on our findings, we propose a model according to which reggie hetero-oligomers are dynamic, and changes in the size of the hetero-oligomers result in endocytosis of the complex from the plasma membrane.
    Cellular Signalling 04/2009; 21(8):1287-97. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) is the precursor for the Abeta peptide involved in pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The soluble ectodomain fragment of APP (sAPP) functions as a growth factor for epithelial cells, suggesting an important function for APP outside neuronal tissue. Previous studies have shown that in polarized epithelial cells, APP is targeted to the basolateral domain. Tyr653 within the cytoplasmic tail of APP mediates the basolateral targeting of APP, but the sorting machinery that binds to this residue has largely remained unknown. In this study, we analyzed the role of adaptor complexes in the polarized sorting of APP. We show that the medium subunit mu1B of the epithelia-specific adaptor protein (AP)-1B binds onto the cytoplasmic tail of APP in a Tyr653-dependent way. Moreover, ectopic expression of mu1B in cells lacking AP-1B resulted in correction of apical missorting of wild-type but not Tyr653Ala APP. Basolateral secretion of sAPP was found to be independent of Tyr653. We propose a model for polarized targeting of APP according to which sorting of APP to basolateral domain is dependent on binding of AP-1B on Tyr653 in basolateral endosomes. This model is in accordance with the current understanding of sorting mechanisms mediating polarized targeting of membrane proteins.
    Traffic 04/2007; 8(3):285-96. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cholesterol and sphingolipid-rich membrane microdomains or rafts have been shown to be involved in signaling through many growth factor receptors but the molecular details of these processes are not well understood. The reggie/flotillin proteins are ubiquitously expressed proteins with a poorly characterized function. They are constitutively associated with membrane rafts by means of acylation and oligomerization. Previous studies have implicated reggies in signaling, regulation of actin cytoskeleton and in membrane transport processes. In this study, we analyzed the putative role of reggie-1/flotillin-2 in signaling through the epidermal growth factor receptor. We show that reggie-1 becomes phosphorylated by Src kinase at several tyrosines upon stimulation of cells with epidermal growth factor. In addition, Src and reggie-1 are present as a molecular complex. Epidermal growth factor stimulation of cells results in a Tyr163-dependent translocation of reggie-1 from the plasma membrane into endosomes. We also show that reggie-1 is capable of enhancing the spreading of cells, again in a tyrosine-dependent manner, and knockdown of reggie-1 interferes with spreading. Thus, we reveal a new function for reggie-1 in the regulation of cell adhesion and actin dynamics and in growth factor signaling.
    Journal of Cell Science 03/2007; 120(Pt 3):395-406. · 5.88 Impact Factor