Mi-Young Hong

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology , Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (15)57.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Interaction between streptavidin and biotin on poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer-activated surfaces and on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) was quantitatively studied by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). The surface protein density was systematically varied as a function of protein concentration and independently quantified using the ellipsometry technique. Principal component analysis (PCA) and principal component regression (PCR) were used to identify a correlation between the intensities of the secondary ion peaks and the surface protein densities. From the ToF-SIMS and ellipsometry results, a good linear correlation of protein density was found. Our study shows that surface protein densities are higher on dendrimer-activated surfaces than on SAMs surfaces due to the spherical property of the dendrimer, and that these surface protein densities can be easily quantified with high sensitivity in a label-free manner by ToF-SIMS.
    Applied Surface Science 01/2008; 255(4):1110-1112. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the effects of protein orientation and trehalose on a quantitative analysis of surface-immobilized proteins by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). As our model protein, streptavidin (SA) was quantitatively immobilized on a solid surface at different configurations by random or oriented immobilization and subsequently treated with trehalose. The resulting surface was analyzed by using TOF-SIMS and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy, where the secondary ion spectra from SA were compared with the surface density of the protein. In the case of oriented immobilization, the ion peak intensities measured by TOF-SIMS were correlated well with the SPR data, regardless of the presence of trehalose. Alternatively, trehalose significantly increased correlation between TOF-SIMS and SPR data for the randomly immobilized SA. It is likely that a trehalose-treated surface is less vulnerable to denaturation, thus leading to a reliable quantification of surface-immobilized proteins by TOF-SIMS. Our results show that TOF-SIMS can be used for understanding biophysical states such as orientation and denaturation of surface-immobilized proteins as well as for quantifying proteins within the field of biosensors and biochips.
    Analytical Chemistry 03/2007; 79(4):1377-85. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A chip-based analysis of protein interactions and modifications in cell signaling pathways has been of great potential in drug discovery, diagnostics, and cell biology, because it enables rapid and high-throughput biological assays with a small amount of samples. We report a chip-based analysis of sumoylation, the post-translational modification (PTM) process that involves covalent attachment of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) protein to a target protein through multiple enzyme reactions in eukaryotic cells. Substrate proteins were spotted onto a glass surface followed by the addition of the reaction mixture for sumoylation, and the SUMO conjugation was readily detected by using fluorescent dye-labeled antibody. Under the optimized condition, on-chip sumoylation of Ran GTPase-activating protein 1 (RanGAP1) domain resulted in highly specific fluorescence intensity compared to that of its mutant (K524A) irrelevant to SUMO conjugation. The on-chip sumoylation was also verified and quantified by using the surface plasmon resonance(SPR) spectroscopy. As the exemplary study for a parallel analysis of sumoylation, fluorescent detection of sumoylation was conducted in a microarray format on a glass slide. The chip-based analysis developed here is expected to be applicable to assay for screening of target proteins from existing protein pools and proteome arrays in a high throughput manner.
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics 03/2007; 22(7):1260-7. · 5.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the use of an antibody (Ab) microarray for a comparative expression profiling of proteins in an L-threonine biosynthetic pathway of Escherichia coli between a parental strain (W3110) and L-threonine overproducing mutant (TF5015). On the basis of a global comparative transcriptome analysis between the two strains, 28 analytical target proteins were selected and subjected to a production of polyclonal Abs against them. An Ab microarray was constructed by spotting a set of produced antibodies on a glass slide, and was employed for a comparative expression profiling of the proteins between the two strains by a two-color fluorescence assay method. The performance of the Ab microarray was evaluated with respect to cross-reactivity of the antibodies, dye-labeling efficiency, and the nature of antigenic proteins. Of these, the cross-reactivity of the used antibodies was found to mainly cause the deviation of the observed expression ratios from the expected ones. To offset the deviations, correction factors were derived from a statistical analysis and introduced. As a result, ten proteins were categorized to be up-regulated, while one was down-regulated in TF5015. Expression profiling of proteins using the Ab microarray was further verified by comparison with Western blotting and 2-DE.
    PROTEOMICS 12/2006; 6(22):5929-40. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the use of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to enhance the secondary ion emission of peptides in time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). The signal intensity of peptides adsorbed onto AuNPs was significantly increased when compared to that of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). This gold nanoparticle-enhanced SIMS, termed NE-SIMS, enabled the sensitive detection of subtle modifications of peptides, such as phosphorylation. From a quantitative analysis of the amounts of adsorbed peptides and AuNPs on SAMs using quartz crystal microbalance and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy, the ratio of peptide molecule to AuNP on amine-SAMs was revealed to be 18-19:1. When considering the ratio of peptide to matrix (1:10(3)-10(6)) employed in a matrix-enhanced SIMS, the use of AuNPs gave rise to a significantly increased secondary ion emission of peptides. Peptides were adsorbed onto patterned AuNPs on SAMs using a microfluidic system, and well-contrasted molecular ion images were obtained. NE-SIMS is expected to be applied to a chip-based analysis of modification of biomolecules in a label-free manner.
    Analytical Chemistry 04/2006; 78(6):1913-20. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ToF-SIMS analysis with principal component analysis (PCA) has been used for quantitatively studying the interaction between streptavidin and biotin on a dendrimer surface. A poly(amidoamine) dendrimer surface was used as a model amine surface for biotinylation. The surface streptavidin density was systematically varied and independently quantified using the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique. A good linear correlation of streptavidin density was observed between the ToF-SIMS and SPR results.
    Applied Surface Science 01/2006; 252(19):6801-6804. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    Mi-Young Hong, Dohoon Lee, Hak-Sung Kim
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of streptavidin (SA) with a biotinylated surface has been of great interest in the development of an interfacial layer for protein immobilization based on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) and polymeric layers. Here, we demonstrate the unique characteristics of protein-ligand interactions on dendrimer monolayers based on kinetic and equilibrium binding analyses. With amine-ended poly(amidoamine) dendrimers from the first (G1) to fourth (G4) generation, the formation of even, compact dendrimer monolayers on gold was confirmed using FT-IR spectroscopy and ellipsometry. For the SA-biotin interaction, quantitative analysis of bound SA using surface plasmon resonance showed that the saturation binding level of SA was fairly higher in all dendrimer layers when compared to other tested systems of 11-mercaptoundecylamine SAMs and a poly(L-lysine) layer. Kinetic studies revealed that the initial binding rate of SA up to the saturation level was 2-fold higher in all dendrimer layers than in the SAMs regardless of the surface density of functionalized biotin. Concurrently, the dendrimer layers led to much higher values of sticking probability, which is defined as the probability that the SA molecule adsorbs upon collision with a biotinylated surface, at a fixed SA coverage, and prolonged the significant levels around the maximum probability with increasing SA coverage. Plots of the saturation coverage of SA versus the SA concentration in solution showed that SA binding onto the biotinylated G1 and G3 layers fit to a Langmuir isotherm model. Taken together, faster binding of SA and highly ordered packing of the molecules seems to be achieved through typical properties of the dendrimer monolayers such as surface distribution of functionalized biotin, surface corrugation, and flexibility of highly branched larger dendrimers, which provides a guideline for the construction and analysis of an interfacial layer in biosensing applications.
    Analytical Chemistry 12/2005; 77(22):7326-34. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An inhibition assay method was developed based on the modulation in the FRET efficiency between quantum dots (QDs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in the presence of the molecules which inhibit the interactions between QD- and AuNP-conjugated biomolecules. For the functionalization, AuNPs were first stabilized by chemisorption of n-alkanethiols and then capped with the first generation polyamidoamine (G1 PAMAM) dendrimers. By employing a streptavidin-biotin couple as a model system, avidin was quantitatively analyzed as an inhibitor by sensing the change in photoluminescence (PL) quenching of SA-QDs by biotin-AuNPs. The detection limit for avidin was about 10 nM. It is anticipated that the PL quenching-based sensing system can be used for the quantitative analysis and high throughput screening of molecules which inhibit the specific biomolecular interactions.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 04/2005; 127(10):3270-1. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The monolayer of fourth-generation poly(amidoamine) dendrimers was adopted to construct the immunoaffinity surface of an antibody layer. The antibody layer as a bait on the dendrimer monolayer was found to result in high binding capacity of antigenic proteins and a reliable detection. The affinity-captured protein at the immunosensing surface was subjected to direct on-chip tryptic digestion, and the resulting proteolytic peptides were analyzed by using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The performance of the on-chip digestion procedure was investigated with respect to the ratio of trypsin to protein, digestion time, composition of a reaction buffer, and the amount of affinity-captured protein on a surface. Addition of a water-miscible organic solvent to a reaction buffer had no significant effect on the digestion efficiency under the optimized digestion conditions. The on-chip digestion method identified the affinity-captured bovine serum albumin (BSA), lysozyme, and ferritin at the level of around 100 fmol. Interestingly, the detected number of peptide hits through the on-chip digestion was almost similar regardless of the amount of captured protein ranging from low- to high-femtomole levels, whereas the efficiency of in-solution digestion decreased significantly as the amount of protein decreased to low-femtomole levels. The structural alignment of the peptide fragments from on-chip-digested BSA revealed that the limited exterior of the captured protein is subjected to attack by trypsin. The established detection procedures enabled the identification of BSA in the biological mixtures at the level of 0.1 ng/mL. The use of antibodies against the proteins involved in the metabolic pathway of L-threonine in Escherichia coli also led to discrimination of the respective target proteins from cell lysates.
    Analytical Biochemistry 03/2005; 337(2):294-307. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the synthesis of a tri(ethylene oxide)-attached fourth-generation poly(amidoamine) dendrimer (EO3-dendrimer) and the characterization of its layers on gold. NMR analysis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry revealed that about 61 amine groups of a G4 PAMAM dendrimer were covalently conjugated with tri(ethylene oxide) units, accounting for a 95% modification level. Layers of the EO3-dendrimer were formed on gold, and the resulting surface was characterized by infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, ellipsometry, and contact angle goniometry. The EO3-dendrimer resulted in more hydrophilic and less compact layers with no substantial deformation of the molecule during layer formation by virtue of the EO3 units, compared to a PAMAM dendrimer. Interestingly, the specific binding of avidin to the biotinylated layers of the EO3-dendrimer approached a surface density of 5.2 +/- 0.2 ngmm-2, showing about 92% of full surface coverage. The layers of the EO3-dendrimer were found to be more resistant to nonspecific adsorption of proteins than PAMAM dendrimer layers when bovine serum albumin and serum proteins were tested.
    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 07/2004; 274(1):41-8. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    Mi-Young Hong, Hyun C Yoon, Hak-Sung Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Avidin-biotin interactions as a typical protein-ligand model were investigated on the monolayers of a fourth-generation poly(amidoamine) dendrimer that were constructed on the self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) on gold. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopic analysis revealed a resonance angle shift of 0.34° (0.03° for the formation of dendrimer monolayers on reactive SAMs, which indicates that about 89% of the gold surface is covered with dendrimer molecules. The dendrimer monolayers were functionalized with biotin, and the efficacy of dendrimer monolayers as a biomolecular interface was evaluated in terms of the surface density of biotin ligands and the avidin binding level. For comparisons, the mixed SAMs and polymeric layers of poly-L-lysine (PLL) on MUA SAMs were prepared and examined by a similar procedure. The specific binding of avidin to the biotinylated dendrimer monolayers approached a surface density of 5.0 (0.2 ng‚mm -2 , which corresponds to about 88% surface coverage by avidin, showing a much higher level than those from mixed SAMs (2.3 (0.1 ng‚mm -2) and PLL layers (3.2 (0.2 ng‚mm -2). Interestingly, the fully biotinylated dendrimer monolayers gave rise to efficient avidin-biotin interactions, resulting in about 80% of the maximum avidin binding level, even under the condition that a serious steric hindrance would occur due to densely packed biotin ligands. These results strongly imply that efficient avidin-biotin interaction originates from a structural feature of dendrimer monolayers such as a surface exposure of derivatized biotin ligands and a corrugated surface.
    Langmuir. 01/2003; 19(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Patterning of biological molecules was attempted on both gold and glass using fourth generation (G4) poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer as an interfacing layer between solid surfaces and biomolecules. As for the patterning of avidin and anti-biotin antibody on gold, PAMAM dendrimers representing amine functionalities were firstly printed onto the 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid SAM by microcontact printing, followed by biotinylation, and reacted with fluorescence-labeled avidin or anti-biotin antibody. Fluorescence microscopic analysis revealed that the patterns of avidin and anti-biotin antibody were well constructed with the resolution of < 2 ㎛. The PAMAM dendrimers were also printed onto aldehyde-activated slide glass and reacted directly with anti-BSA antibodies, which had been oxidized with sodium periodate. As a result, distinct patterns of the anti-BSA antibodies were also obtained with a comparable edge resolution to that of avidin patterns on gold. These results clearly show that PAMAM dendrimers can be adopted as an interfacing layer for the patterning of biological molecules on solid surfaces with micrometer resolution.
    Bulletin- Korean Chemical Society 01/2003; 24(8). · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We attempted to develop a screen-printed biosensor for the amperometric determination of L-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level on the basis of NAD(+)/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase reaction. The printing ink for the working electrode consisted of L-lactate, NAD(+), composite polymer of hydroxyethyl cellulose with ethylene glycol, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (3,4-DHB) as an electron transferring mediator, and graphite as the conducting material. The 3,4-DHB was electropolymerized on the carboneous working electrode by potential cycling between -200 and +300 mV vs. Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Through the electrocatalytic reaction with immobilized 3,4-DHB, the NADH generated by the LDH reaction could be efficiently oxidized at lower potential than the unmodified carbon electrode. The analytical performance of the electrode was characterized in terms of linear sensing range and detection limit for LDH. The response from the developed biosensor was linear up to 500 U/l of LDH, and the detection limit of 50 U/l was observed at the signal-to-noise ratio of 3.
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics 02/2002; 17(1-2):13-8. · 5.44 Impact Factor
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    Hyun C Yoon, Mi-Young Hong, Hak-Sung Kim
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    ABSTRACT: A new approach to a repeatedly regenerable affinity-sensing surface was developed based on the reversible association/dissociation reactions between avidin and biotin analogues. For the affinity surface, a fourth generation poly(amidoamine) dendrimer monolayer was first constructed on the 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid self-assembled monolayer on gold. The dendritic surface amine groups then were functionalized with biotin analogues, desthiobiotin (1), or newly synthesized desthiobiotin amidocaproate (2), an extended form of 1, which shows lower affinity toward avidin. To test the association/dissociation reaction cycles at the affinity surface, avidin adlayer was formed onto the biotin analogue functionalized surface and displaced with free biotin. To trace the stepwise reactions, biotinylated glucose oxidase (b-GOx) as a model enzyme was loaded onto the affinity surface, and cyclic voltammetric measurements were performed by registering the activity of the associated b-GOx. The efficient association/dissociation reaction cycles were registered, especially for the 2-modified electrodes, implying steric hindrance from the ligand length for biospecific interaction. With the optimized affinity-surface construction steps and reaction conditions, continuous association/dissociation reaction cycles were achieved, resulting in a regenerable affinity surface.
    Langmuir. 01/2001; 17(4).
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    Hyun C. Yoon, Mi-Young Hong, Hak-Sung Kim
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    ABSTRACT: We have developed an affinity biosensor system based on avidin–biotin interaction on a gold electrode. As the building block of an affinity-sensing monolayer, a fourth-generation (G4) poly(amidoamine) dendrimer having partial ferrocenyl-tethered surface groups was prepared and used. The unmodified surface amine groups from dendrimers were functionalized with biotinamidocaproate, and the biotinylated and electroactive dendritic monolayer was constructed on a gold electrode for the affinity-sensing surface interacting with avidin. An electrochemical signal from the affinity biosensor was generated by free glucose oxidase in electrolyte, depending on the degree of coverage of the sensing surface with avidin. The sensor signal decreased correlatively with increasing avidin concentration and approached a minimum level when the sensing surface was fully covered with avidin. The detection limit of avidin was about 4.5 pM, and the sensor signal was linear ranging from 1.5 pM to 10 nM under optimized conditions. From the kinetic analysis using the biotinylated glucose oxidase, an active enzyme coverage of 2.5 × 10−12 mol/cm2 on the avidin-pretreated surface was registered, which demonstrates the formation of a spatially ordered and compact protein layer on the derivatized electrode surface.
    Analytical Biochemistry 07/2000; · 2.58 Impact Factor