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ABSTRACT: Calpain is secreted by intra-articular synovial cells and degrades the main components of cartilage matrix proteins, proteoglycan, and collagen, causing cartilage destruction. Matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) has also been detected in synovial fluid and serum, and is involved in the development and progression of rheumatoid arthritis by degradation of the extracellular matrix and cartilage destruction. To investigate the relationship between calpain and MMP-3 in rheumatic inflammation, we utilized the rheumatic synovial cell line, MH7A. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) stimulation-induced increased expression of mu-calpain, m-calpain, and MMP-3 in these cells, as well as the release of calpain and MMP-3 into the culture medium. The calpain inhibitors, ALLN (calpain inhibitor I) and calpeptin, did not affect the intracellular expression of MMP-3, but reduced the secretion of MMP-3 in a concentration-dependent manner. Down-regulation of mu- but not m-calpain by small interfering RNAs abolished TNF-alpha-induced MMP-3 release from the synovial cells. These findings suggest that calpain, particularly mu-calpain, regulates MMP-3 release by rheumatic synovial cells, in addition to exerting its own degradative action on cartilage.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2006; 343(3):937-42. · 2.41 Impact Factor