[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the use of microarray gene-expression profiling, we analyzed a homogeneous series of 32 patients with systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) and 5 ALCL cell lines. Unsupervised analysis classified ALCL in 2 clusters, corresponding essentially to morphologic subgroups (ie, common type vs small cell and "mixed" variants) and clinical variables. Patients with a morphologic variant of ALCL had advanced-stage disease. This group included a significant number of patients who experienced early relapse. Supervised analysis showed that ALK+ALCL and ALK- ALCL have different gene-expression profiles, further confirming that they are different entities. Among the most significantly differentially expressed genes between ALK+ and ALK- samples, we found BCL6, PTPN12, CEBPB, and SERPINA1 genes to be overexpressed in ALK+ ALCL. This result was confirmed at the protein level for BCL-6, C/EBPbeta and serpinA1 through tissue microarrays. The molecular signature of ALK- ALCL included overexpression of CCR7, CNTFR, IL22, and IL21 genes but did not provide any obvious clues to the molecular mechanism underlying this tumor subtype. Once confirmed on a larger number of patients, the results of the present study could be used for clinical and therapeutic management of patients at the time of diagnosis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent efforts have been made to isolate molecular targets that could explain different outcome between histological subtypes of lymphomas and to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying oncogenic events. Using the SSH technique, we compared the transcriptome of 2 cases of ALK+ and ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) and of 2 cases of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) with opposite behavior. Regarding ALCL, we showed that ALK-positive tumors overexpressed genes involved in different signaling pathways such as activation or signaling of T-cells, regulation of apoptosis, phospholipase Cgamma and phosphatidyl inositol-3 Kinase. In addition, the characterization of a specific molecular signature may be of clinical relevance since ALK+ tumors generally have a better prognosis than ALK- ones. Similar problems of differential prognosis is observed in cases of cHL, which in addition, may be morphologically and immunologically indistinguishable. Therefore, we applied the same SSH technique to 2 cHL samples from patients with favorable and poor outcome, respectively. Forty-four cDNAs were significantly overexpressed in the poor outcome case. In addition to the defender against death cell 1 (DAD1) gene, overexpressed clones corresponded mostly to expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Interestingly, the present study identifies new genes which may be involved in the pathogenesis and/or clinical outcome of cHL and deserve further investigations.
Leukemia and Lymphoma 11/2004; 45(10):2001-6. · 2.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a distinct biological and cytogenetic entity with a broad spectrum of morphological features (common type, small-cell variant and lymphohistiocytic variant). Few cell lines of ALCL are available and they all originate from primary tumors demonstrating the common type morphology (ie large-sized lymphoma cells). We established a new ALCL cell line (COST) from the peripheral blood of a patient with a small-cell variant of ALCL, at diagnosis. Cells growing in vitro and in SCID mice consisted of two populations, that is, small- and large-sized cells as seen in the patient's tumor. Both large and small malignant cells were positive for CD43/MT1 T-cell associated antigen, perforin, granzyme B and TIA-1, but negative for CD2, CD3, CD5, CD7, CD4 and CD8 antigens. Standard cytogenetic studies as well as multiplex FISH confirmed the presence of the canonical t(2;5)(p23;q35) translocation, but also revealed additional numerical and structural abnormalities. The COST cell line is the first ALCL small-cell variant cell line, and thus provides a potentially useful tool for further functional and molecular studies that should improve our understanding of the small-cell variant of ALCL, which is more frequently complicated by a leukemic phase.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Majority of anaplastic large-cell lymphomas (ALCLs) are associated with the t(2;5)(p23;q35) translocation, fusing the NPM (nucleophosmin) and ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) genes (NPM-ALK). Recent studies demonstrated that ALK may also be involved in variant translocations, namely, t(1;2)(q25;p23), t(2;3)(p23;q21), t(2;17)(p23;q23) and inv(2)(p23q35), which create the TPM3-ALK, TFG-ALK5, CLTC-ALK, and ATIC-ALK fusion genes, respectively. Although overexpression of NPM-ALK has previously been shown to transform fibroblasts, the transforming potential of variant X-ALK proteins has not been precisely investigated. We stably transfected the cDNAs coding for NPM-ALK, TPM3-ALK, TFG-ALK, CLTC-ALK or ATIC-ALK into nonmalignant NIH3T3 cells. All X-ALK variants are tyrosine phosphorylated and their subcellular distribution was in agreement with that observed in tumors. Moreover, our results show that the in vitro transforming capacity of NIH3T3-transfected cells are in relation to the level of X-ALK fusion proteins excepted for TPM3-ALK for which there is an inverse correlation. The differences between the five X-ALK variants with regard to proliferation rate, colony formation in soft agar, invasion, migration through the endothelial barrier and tumorigenicity seem to be due to differential activation of various signaling pathways such as PI3-kinase/AKT. These findings may have clinical implications in the pathogenesis and prognosis of ALK-positive ALCLs.