Maria Luisa Friso

Istituto Oncologico Veneto, Padua, Veneto, Italy

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Publications (47)120.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: An observational multi-institutional study has been conducted aimed to evaluate the inter-observer variability in clinical target volume (CTV) delineation among different radiation oncologists in radiotherapy treatment of pancreatic cancer.
    Radiation oncology (London, England). 09/2014; 9(1):198.
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important cause of cancer-related death. Prediction of recurrence is an important issue in the treatment of disease, particularly for stage II patients. The level of telomere-specific reverse transcriptase (hTERT), the catalytic component of the telomerase complex, increases along with CRC progression, but its prognostic value is still unclear.Methods:One hundred and thirty-seven CRC patients were studied for hTERT expression in tumour cells by real-time PCR. hTERT level was evaluated as a prognostic factor of overall survival (OS) in all patients and of disease recurrence in a subgroup of 50 stage II patients.Results:The median hTERT level was 93.8 copies (interquartile range 48-254). Patients with high hTERT levels (above the median) showed a significantly worse survival than those with low hTERT levels (below the median; log-rank test P<0.0001; hazard ratio (HR)=3.30 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.98-5.52); P<0.0001). The negative prognostic value of high hTERT level is independent of the pathological stage and microsatellite instability (HR=2.09 (95% CI 1.20-3.64), P=0.009). Moreover, in stage II CRC, high hTERT levels identified patients with a higher risk of disease recurrence (HR=3.06 (95% CI 1.03-9.04), P=0.043) and death (HR=3.24 (95% CI 1.37-7.71), P=0.008).Conclusion:hTERT level is an independent prognostic marker of OS in CRC patients. In addition, assessment of hTERT level could improve stratification of stage II CRC patients for the risk of disease recurrence.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 15 January 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2012.602 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 01/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Clinicopathological research has focused on identifying molecular and biological prognostic factors for laryngeal carcinoma (LSCC) treated with post-operative radiotherapy (RT). The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic importance of anti-apoptotic proteins survivin and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in a series of patients with LSCC who had primary surgery followed by RT. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients who underwent primary surgery followed by RT were considered. Survivin nuclear and cytoplasmic expressions and Bcl-2 expression were determined immunohistochemically. RESULTS: The loco-regional recurrence rate was significantly higher among LSCC patients with a nuclear survivin expression >10.0% (P = 0.029), and their disease-free survival (DFS) was shorter than in cases whose nuclear survivin expression was ≤10.0% (P = 0.002). DFS was significantly shorter in cases with a Bcl-2 expression >2.0% than in those whose Bcl-2 expression was ≤2.0% (P = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Nuclear survivin expression and Bcl-2 expression warrant further investigation as potential predictive biomarkers to enable individualized treatments (e.g. post-operative chemo-radiotherapy instead of RT alone for patients whose LSCCs strongly express nuclear survivin or/and Bcl-2). This preliminary evidence justifies the design of new studies on the association of agents targeting survivin and Bcl-2 with conventional chemotherapeutic agents and RT for advanced LSCC.
    Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 11/2012; · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adjuvant treatment for rectal cancer is still controversial. This study reports on overall survival and disease-free survival, toxicity, downstaging, and surgical morbidity in rectal cancer patients who received combined chemoradiation therapy followed by curative surgery. Between 1993 and 1998, 51 patients (31 males and 20 females; median age, 60 years; range, 33-73 years) underwent chemoradiation therapy followed by radical surgery for middle and lower rectal adenocarcinoma. Criteria for giving preoperative radiotherapy (total 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy/day for 5 weeks) and chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil 350 mg/m2/day and leucovorin 10 mg/m2/day, bolus on days 1-5 and 29-33) were an age younger than 75 years; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 to 2; and clinical preoperative stage II-III. Forty-three low anterior and eight abdominoperineal resections were performed. Median follow-up time was 29 (range, 3-63) months. Although grade 3 to 4 toxicity occurred in 14 cases (27.4%), all patients completed the planned adjuvant therapy. At pathology, a complete response was found in eight (15.7%) cases. Of the remaining 43 cases, 22 were stage I, 12 were stage II, and 9 were stage III. Five-year actuarial disease-free survival and overall survival rates were 86.4% and 85.5%, respectively. Whereas no local recurrences were found, 4 patients had distant metastases. Three patients died (1 of cancer-related causes), 45 are alive and disease free, and 3 are alive with disease. The combined preoperative chemoradiation approach used by us seems to improve the disease-free survival and overall survival of selected patients with rectal cancer. However, a longer follow-up time is required to confirm these preliminary results.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2012; 7(1):38-44. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the plasma levels of cell-free RNA (cfRNA) and telomere-specific reverse transcriptase mRNA (hTERT) are associated with tumor response in rectal cancer patients who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (pCRT). Patients who underwent pCRT for rectal cancer and for whom baseline and paired post-pCRT blood samples were available were studied. On the basis of tumor regression score, patients were classified as having response or having no response. Clinical variables and plasma levels of cfRNA and hTERT before and after the pCRT were evaluated. The association between each predictor and tumor response was assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses. Of 98 eligible patients, 45 were determined to respond to therapy, and 53 did not respond to therapy. In univariate analysis, gender (P = 0.040), baseline levels of cfRNA (P = 0.026), post-pCRT levels of both hTERT and cfRNA (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.001, respectively), and the difference between the post- and pre-pCRT levels of both hTERT and cfRNA (P = 0.009 and P = 0.001, respectively) were found to be significant predictors of tumor response. In multivariate analysis, using variables that were available before pCRT, cfRNA levels and gender independently predicted the tumor response, while in multivariate analysis, which used all of the variables available before the surgical procedure, the post-pCRT levels of cfRNA and the difference between the post- and pre-pCRT levels of cfRNA independently predicted tumor response. Plasma levels of cfRNA and hTERT are promising markers of tumor response to pCRT for rectal cancer.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2012; 19(9):3089-96. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in plasma has been reported to be a marker of cancer detection. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the cfDNA has a role as response biomarker in patients receiving preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for rectal cancer. Sixty-seven patients (median age 61 years; male/female 42/25) who underwent CRT for rectal cancer were evaluated. After tumor regression grade (TRG) classification was made, the patients were classified as having disease that responded (TRG 1-2) and that did not respond (TRG 3-5) to therapy. Plasma samples were obtained from patients before and after CRT. The cfDNA levels were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction of β-globin. On the basis of the Alu repeats, the cfDNA was considered as either total (fragments of 115 bp, Alu 115) or tumoral (fragments of 247 bp, Alu 247). The association between the pre- or post-CRT levels and between variations during CRT of the Alu 247, Alu 115 repeat, and Alu 247/115 ratio (cfDNA integrity index) and the pathologic tumor response was analyzed. The baseline levels of cfDNA were not associated with tumor response. The post-CRT levels of the cfDNA integrity index were significantly lower in responsive compared to nonresponsive disease (P = 0.0009). Both the median value of the Alu 247 repeat and the cfDNA integrity index decreased after CRT in disease that responded to therapy (P < 0.005 and P < 0.005, respectively) compared to disease that did not respond to therapy (P = 0.83 and P = 0.726, respectively). The results of the multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that only the cfDNA integrity index was significantly and independently associated with tumor response to treatment. The plasma levels of the longer fragments (Alu 247) of cfDNA and the cfDNA integrity index are promising markers to predict tumor response after preoperative CRT for rectal cancer.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2011; 18(9):2461-8. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was the identification of a pharmacogenetic profile predictive of the tumor regression grade (TRG), considered as tumor response parameter, after neo-adjuvant treatment in rectal cancer patients. A total of 238 rectal cancer patients treated in a neo-adjuvant setting by a fluoropyrimidines-based chemo-radiotherapy (RT) were genotyped for 25 genetic polymorphisms in 16 genes relevant for treatment-associated pathways. Two polymorphisms were associated with TRG in a multivariate analysis: hOGG1-1245C > G, which can affect radiosensitivity and MTHFR-677C > T, which is involved in fluoropyrimidines action. Patients bearing at least one variant allele had a lower chance to get TRG ≤ 2 (OR = 0.46 95% CI 0.23-0.90, P = 0.024; and OR = 0.48 95% CI 0.24-0.96, P = 0.034; respectively). An association trend was observed for ABCB1-3435C > T, which is responsible for the multi-drug resistance (odds ratio (OR) = 1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98-3.95, P = 0.057). Exploratory classification and regression tree (CART) analysis highlighted high-order gene-gene and gene-environment interactions and a genetic signature associated with differential response, with hOGG1-1245C > G as the most predictive factor. Other significant variables were: ABCB1-3435C > T, MTHFR-677C > T, ERCC1-8092C > A, ABCC2-1249G > A, XRCC1-28152G > A, XRCC3-4541A > G and patients gender. On the basis of CART results, patients were categorized into three groups according to tumor response probability: intermediate and high profiles had a higher probability to get TRG ≤ 2 as compared with low profiles (OR = 4.12 95% CI 1.46-11.65, P < 0.001 and OR = 12.44, 95% CI 5.52-28.04, P < 0.0001, respectively). This study evidences a major role of hOGG1-1245C > G and MTHFR-677C > T polymorphisms in the tumor response of rectal cancer patients treated with chemo-RT in neo-adjuvant setting, and shows the relevance of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions for complex phenotypes as tumor response.
    The Pharmacogenomics Journal 04/2010; 11(3):214-26. · 5.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL), faecal continence and bowel function of patients with rectal cancer who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy (pCRT) in a cross-sectional setting. Out of 185 consecutive patients who underwent pCRT for rectal cancer from 1994 to 2004 at a single institution, 101 were eligible for the study. Causes of exclusion were: death (n = 38), not radical surgery or recurrence (n = 21), presence of stoma at the time of the survey (n = 15), lost to follow-up (n = 6) and miscellaneous (n = 4). Eligible patients were asked to complete: the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30, the disease specific colorectal module (EORTC QLQ-CR38) and faecal incontinence and bowel function questionnaires. HRQOL outcomes were compared with reference data from the general population, and the association among clinical variables and HRQOL was also investigated with linear regression analyses. Questionnaires were completed by 80% of eligible patients. Compared to population-based norms, patients showed clinically meaningful worse outcomes in terms of constipation and diarrhoea. Stool fractionation (p < 0.01) and use of enema/laxative (p < 0.01) were negatively associated with global health status/QOL. Urgency negatively affected physical (p < 0.01), role (p < 0.01) and social functioning (p < 0.01). Sensation of incomplete evacuation negatively affected social functioning (p < 0.01). Although HRQOL profile of these patients is broadly similar to that of healthy subjects, there are still important limitations in terms of key symptoms. The use of validated questionnaires is crucial to provide standardised information on relevant health status areas.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 08/2009; 18(5):601-8. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to evaluate the long-term outcome and complications, and occurrence of second malignancy after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (pCRT) for rectal cancer. One hundred twenty-three consecutive patients (78 men, 45 women) with locally advanced mid-low rectal cancer underwent pCRT between 1994 and 2002. Patients were followed up by one surgeon with a standard protocol, and data were prospectively recorded in a dedicated database. No patient was lost to follow-up. Complications were defined as late if they occurred >6 months after surgery. Overall and disease-free survival were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Of 123 patients, 111 underwent an R0 procedure. The rate of pathologic complete response was 16% (n = 20 patients). At a median follow-up of 95 (range, 56-160) months, 50 late complications occurred in 41 patients, 21 of whom required surgery. In seven cases, the complications were clearly CRT related and were significantly associated with the total dose of radiation delivered (P < .05). The estimated 5- and 10-year overall survival was 76% and 67%, respectively. The estimated 5- and 10-year disease-free survival was 83% and 82%, respectively. In 18 of 19 patients who experienced recurrence (local, n = 3; distant, n = 16), it occurred within 48 months from surgery. The most frequent site of metastasis as first site of recurrence was the lung (9 of 19). The most frequent second primary malignancy was lung cancer (3 of 8). Despite satisfactory oncological outcome, late morbidity after pCRT is relevant and related to the radiotherapy dose used. Most recurrences and second malignancies were located in the lung.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2009; 16(4):893-9. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Surgical Oncology. 01/2009; 16:82-82.
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    ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in terms of symptoms and functional outcomes in disease-free survivors of rectal cancer. Consecutive patients (n = 117) who underwent curative surgery for rectal cancer with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up and whose disease had not recurred were asked to complete the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 and its colorectal cancer module (QLQ-CR38). Long-term HRQOL outcomes were compared with reference data from the general population. Relevant clinical data including type of surgery, stage of disease, type of treatment, and early and late complications were collected. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to investigate associations among covariates. HRQOL functional aspects were similar with that of an age- and sex-matched general population. Although clinically meaningful better outcomes favoring our patients were found for the global health status/HRQOL and the pain scales, constipation was worse in rectal cancer survivors than the general population. Multivariate analysis found that worse physical functioning was associated with increasing age (P < .001), female sex (P < .01), presence of stoma (P < .05), and occurrence of late major complications (P < .05). Worse body image was associated with the presence of stoma (P < .001) and chemoradiotherapy (P < .05). Overall, patients with rectal cancer recover well in the long run, with HRQOL levels comparable to that of the general population. HRQOL outcomes provide valuable data that may be used to improve information disclosure to patients.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2008; 15(7):1846-54. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the literature, a favorable prognosis was observed for complete pathologic response after preoperative therapy (ypCR) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. The aim of this study is to verify whether ypCR predicts a favorable outcome in a large series of patients. The Gastro-Intestinal Working Group of the Italian Association of Radiation Oncology collected clinical data for 566 patients with ypCR (ypT0N0) after neoadjuvant therapy. Eligibility criteria included locally advanced rectal cancer with no evidence of metastases at the time of diagnosis, evidence of ypCR after preoperative radiotherapy +/- chemotherapy (CT). Median radiation dose was 50 Gy. A total of 527 patients (93%) received one of 12 different neoadjuvant CT schedules. Sphincter preservation, anteroposterior resection, and endoscopic surgery were performed in 73%, 22%, and 5% of patients, respectively. Adjuvant CT was administered to 22% of patients. Median follow-up was 46.4 months. Locoregional recurrence occurred in 7 patients (1.6%). Distant metastases occurred in 49 patients (8.9%). Overall, 5-year rates of disease-free survival, overall survival, and cancer-specific survival were 85%, 90%, and 94%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, only age and clinical stage statistically correlated with survival outcome. Adjuvant CT was still of borderline significance (worse for adjuvant CT). No relation was found between survival and neoadjuvant CT schedules. A ypCR after neoadjuvant therapy identified a favorable group of patients, even in this large series of 566 patients collected in 61 centers. Locoregional recurrence occurred only in 1.6% patients.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 05/2008; 72(1):99-107. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence suggests that common gene polymorphisms may influence the toxicity of various cytotoxic agents used in the treatment of cancer. To evaluate the predictive value of acute toxicity of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677T polymorphism, glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) substitution of isoleucine with valine at codon 105 (Ile105Val) polymorphism and the tandem repeat polymorphism in the thymidylate synthase gene promoter in elderly patients with rectal cancer receiving preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). From 1994 to 2002, 166 Caucasian patients underwent surgery following CRT for mid-low rectal cancer at a single institution, 42 (male-to-female ratio, 25 : 17) of whom were aged > or =65 years (median age 70 years, range 65-79). The pre-treatment clinical stage was tumour (T) stage 3-4 in 38 patients and node (N)-positive in 29 patients. Patients received external-beam radiotherapy with conventional fractionation and fluorouracil-based chemotherapy. Blood samples were used to extract and amplify DNA. Gene polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme digestion. Acute toxicity to preoperative therapy was reported according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria, version 2. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using one-way analysis of variance and linear regression, respectively. Haematological toxicity (grade 1-2) was observed in 15 of 40 patients for whom toxicity data were available and gastrointestinal toxicity (grade 1-4) in 24 of these same 40 patients. At univariate analysis, female sex (p = 0.036) and GSTP1 Ile105Val (p = 0.0376) were associated with haematological toxicity. At multivariate analysis, GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism (p = 0.041) was the only factor found to be associated with haematological toxicity. Patients carrying the Val/Val genotype in the GSTP1 gene had a lower risk of haematological toxicity (odds ratio = 0.322, 95% CI 0.101, 0.957) than patients with the Ile/Ile genotype. GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism is a promising marker of potential haematological toxicity in elderly patients with rectal cancer receiving preoperative CRT.
    Drugs & Aging 02/2008; 25(6):531-9. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the pathological response (pTNM), local relapse and overall survival (OS) in clinical T3N0M0 (cT3N0M0) rectal cancer after a neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CHT-RT) with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) continuous infusion (c.i.) (+/- oxaliplatin) or bolus or capecitabine (an oral fluorpyrimidine). A secondary endpoint was to identify the local relapse rate and OS in those patients also receiving an adjuvant chemotherapy. From January 2000 to January 2006, 48 consecutive cT3N0M0 rectal cancer cases neoadjuvantly treated were retrospectively examined. Variables considered were age, gender, modality of 5-FU administration and tumour site. Median age was 64 years (range, 22-84 years) and the male:female ratio was 28:20. All the patients received the full course of CHT-RT. Twenty-eight patients received c.i. 5-FU neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 17 received bolus 5-FU administration and 3 patients received capecitabine-based therapy. The mean number of chemotherapy weeks was 4.9 (range, 2-6). A total of 85.4% of patients were operated on without relevant postoperative complications but another 4 are awaiting surgery. Twenty-one patients had a lower (< or = 5 cm from the anal verge) and 27 had a middle rectal lesion (from 6 to 10 cm). In those patients with the lower site of lesion, a sphincter-saving (SS) procedure was achieved in 88.9%. Downstaging was reported in 66.7%. Ninety percent of cases are still free from progression after a median follow-up of 22.1 months; 7.5% are dead. The down-staging, the good level of SS and the disease-free survival (DFS) obtained here suggests that a neoadjuvant therapy may also be useful for stage II rectal cancer at diagnosis. The use of a postoperative chemotherapy should probably be outlined better.
    Anticancer research 01/2008; 28(6B):4129-35. · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • Aging Health. 01/2008; 4(3):287-298.
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    ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CT-RT) with continuous infusion (c.i.) 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) before resection of high-risk rectal cancer improves overall survival (OS) and pelvic control. Since the presence of cardiomiopathy may contraindicate c.i. of 5-FU, an alternative regimen of 5-FU CT-RT was prospectively studied in these patients. From October 2000 to December 2006, patients with clinical stage T3 or T4, or node-positive disease were assigned according to their cardiological status to receive weekly 5-FU bolus administration during radiotherapy (RT). The preoperative treatment consisted of 5,040 cGy, delivered infractions of 180 cGy per day, five days per week, and 5-FU, given in 15 minutes at a dose of 450 mg/m2 of body surface area weekly during all radiotherapy. Surgery was performed six weeks after the completion of CT-RT. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS). Fifty-one patients received preoperative CH-RT. The 2-year OS rate was 92.3% and the 3-year DFS was 87.5%. The five-year cumulative incidence of local relapse was 3.9%. Grade 3 acute toxic effects occurred in 19.6% of the patients; worsening of patient's cardiopathy was never reported. Patients with cardiopathy developed similar local control and DFS, toxicity and OS with 5-FU administered weekly by bolus as those reported by literature data.
    Anticancer research 01/2008; 28(6B):4095-100. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: THE AIM of the study was to evaluate time-to-progression (TTP) of rectal cancer in a group of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (CHT) after combined neoadjuvant treatment. A secondary end-point was to identify the possible influence of clinical TNM (cTNM) or pathological TNM (pTNM) on TTP and overall survival (OS). From January 2000 to December 2005, 101 consecutive rectal cancer patients who had been neoadjuvantly treated and had underne adjuvant CHT were retrospectively examined. The variables considered were age, gender and clinical and pathological effect of CHT administration. The mean age was 59 years (29-78 years) and the male:female ratio, 61:40. Forty-two patients had a lower (< or =5 cm from the anal verge), 54 a middle (from 6 to 10 cm) and 5 a higher (=10 cm) rectal lesion. All the patients had received the full course of neoadjuvant radiotherapy (RT) while 26.7% patients had received a reduced number of neoadjuvant CHT cycles. All the patients had undergone surgery and had received adjuvant chemotherapy which was completed in only 77.2% of the cases. Tumour down-staging and complete remissions were reported in 75.2% and 14.8% of cases, respectively. TTP and OS at 3 years were 81.2% and 91.1%, respectively. Out of locally recurrent patients, 77.8% were N+ (p=0.0026) at the pathological evaluation. In our series, neither administration of oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy (p=0.44) nor age > or =70 years (p=0.51), clinical stage III (p=0.67), tumour down-staging (p=0.44) and achievement of pCR (p=0.66) appeared to have a significant impact on TTP; only pN+ (patients "not responders" to a neoadjuvant CHT-RT) influenced local relapse requiring more accurate postoperative treatment and confirming the literature data about the utility of adjuvant therapy in stage III disease.
    Anticancer research 01/2008; 28(3B):1805-12. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate early and late complications in 44 patients with locally advanced mid-low rectal cancer enrolled in a phase I-II study, who had received an aggressive chemoradiation treatment (50.4Gy/28F; 5-FU continuous infusion and weekly Oxaliplatin) followed by total mesorectal excision and 5-FU based postoperative chemotherapy. The aim of the present study is also to evaluate functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) in a sub-group of 22 patients. Standardized forms for early and late surgical complications were completed for all patients. Anorectal function and QoL were also investigated in 22 patients who underwent surgery in the same surgical unit, using the fecal incontinence scoring system (FIS) and EORTC-QLQ-CR38 questionnaires, compiled before and after radiotherapy and at least 8 months after surgery. The differences over time in scores were analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA. The median age of patients (25 males and 19 females) was 58 (range: 34-73) years. A low anterior resection was performed in 39 cases, radical resection in 41, and 12 patients had a pathological complete response. There were no operative deaths; 4 and 9 patients required re-operation for early and late complications, respectively. FIS score did not present a significant worsening over time. According to data in the EORTC-QLQ-CR38 questionnaire, a significant improvement over time was found only for "future perspective". Our findings seem to indicate that this aggressive 5-FU-Oxalipaltin-based treatment implies no impairment of QoL and anorectal function, even if a high rate of late major complications was observed. Studies on larger series are required to confirm these results.
    European Journal of Surgical Oncology 01/2007; 32(10):1201-8. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rectal cancer is commonly diagnosed at a precocious stage, but for patients presenting at diagnosis with stage IV disease the best treatment is still undefined. The purpose of this study was to review the feasibility and outcome of multimodality treatment of rectal cancer patients metastatic at diagnosis. From January 2000 to December 2005, 40 patients with histologically proven stage IV rectal adenocarcinoma (< 12 cm from the anal verge) were examined. Variables considered were age (under or over 65 years), tumour grade, presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis, type of surgery (palliative versus resection). The median age was 61 years (range, 32-83) and 27 were male and 13 female. Seventeen patients with unresectable or potentially resectable metastatic disease received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CHT-RT) with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) (plus oxaliplatin in 11 cases), radical surgery was performed in almost half of the cases; only in two patients were metastases also resected. If the patient is a candidate for radical surgical resection, the primary tumour should initially be treated as in a patient without metastatic disease and subsequently the primary tumour and metastases should be treated surgically. If the metastases are unresectable, the treatment of the primary lesion, according to the patient's symptoms, should be by palliative CHT. It is still not determined whether RT should be reserved for the symptomatic cases as an alternative to local surgery. In five patients treated with neoadjuvant CHT alone, radical local surgery was performed in two cases. Eighteen symptomatic patients were resected primarily; all of them received a postoperative CHT but only five of them also received postoperative RT. Nevertheless, after a multimodality treatment (neoadjuvant CHT +/- RT) 22.5% achieved a response rate (RR) (one complete remission (CR) and eight partial remission (PR)). Considering that all except two of the patients were locally radically resected and two of them also underwent metastases surgery, the overall RR was 17.5% (four CR and three PR). All of the CR were disease-free and alive after a median follow-up of 19.3 months. Age > or = 65 years had no impact on overall survival (OS), but the presence of peritoneal carcinosis in five patients showed a trend towards diminished survival, although it was not statistically significant (p = 0.08). The best treatment on diagnosis of metastatic rectal cancer is a multimodality CHT-RT approach. New prospective studies should evaluate non cross-resistant regimens as additional therapy for those patients with a systemic residual disease after common CHT-RT.
    Anticancer research 01/2007; 27(2):1079-85. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the toxicity and feasibility of pelvic radiotherapy (RT) and/or surgery in elderly patients with locally advanced low-lying rectal cancer. From November 1999 to November 2005, 51 patients aged >or=70 years who underwent RT for locally advanced low-lying rectal cancer were retrospectively examined. Variables considered were age, co-morbidities (evaluated according to the Charlson score and the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatric [CIRS-G] score) and surgery versus no surgery. The median age was 80 years (range 70-94 years) and the male : female ratio was 33 : 18. A total of 5.9% of patients were considered 'fit', 72.5% had one or more CIRS-G grade 1 or 2 co-morbidities and 21.6% had one or more CIRS-G grade 3 co-morbidities. 54.9% of patients underwent surgery and 45.1% underwent RT. Only 9 of 21 (42.8%) patients who underwent radical resection received the full course of adjuvant RT and only seven (50%) of all patients treated with RT alone received the full dose of therapy. Patients with one or more CIRS-G grade 3 co-morbidities reported similar numbers of grade 1-2 toxicities as patients with one or more CIRS-G grade 2 co-morbidities. Notwithstanding the small number of patients analysed, the findings of this study indicate that elderly patients with rectal cancer and mild co-morbidities could probably receive the same treatment as fit elderly patients, given that tolerability appeared to be similar in both categories of patients. Neither age nor co-morbidities should be considered reasons to deny the patient the possible benefits of receiving complete treatment. Moreover, Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment should always be undertaken to help clinicians make better decisions about treatment. Further prospective trials are needed to confirm these results.
    Drugs & Aging 01/2007; 24(9):781-90. · 2.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

666 Citations
120.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2012
    • Istituto Oncologico Veneto
      • Clinical Trials and Biostatistics Unit
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 2001–2012
    • University-Hospital of Padova
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 1999–2012
    • University of Padova
      • Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche
      Padova, Veneto, Italy
  • 2009
    • Istituto di Cura e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Basilicata
      Rionero in Vulture, Basilicate, Italy