Marcelo Nascimento

Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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Publications (16)64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The number of obese and morbidly obese patients within the developed world is dramatically increasing within the last 20 years. Apart from demographical changes, obese patients are especially prone to have oestrogen-dependent morbidities and neoplasias, of which laparoscopic treatment should be the standard of care. The increasing number of patients with BMI >40 is concerning, making it necessary to summarise considerations for safe and effective Gynaecological Laparoscopic Surgery. The sequel to successful laparoscopic surgery in obese patients comprises an interdisciplinary appreciation of laparoscopy. Preoperatively, anaesthetics and medical review are suggested to optimise treatment of comorbidities (i.e. infections and blood sugar levels). Positioning of the patient should consider anti-slip options and pannus fixation to ease laparoscopic access and decrease pressure to the chest. There is no standard port placement in obese patients and landmarks have to be the bony structures of the pelvis and ribs. Retraction of the bowel is essential and mobilisation of the sigmoid with fan retractors or endoloops can accomplish adequate vision. 30° scopes can be considered for vision "around the obstacle". An experienced assistant with anticipation of surgical steps is favourable for successful surgery completion. Intra-operatively, good surgical techniques are essential. Vessel sealing systems reduce the need for instrument changes and may be helpful in following visualised tissue planes. A transvaginal vault closure may be advantageous compared to laparoscopic closure and Endostiches may be preferred to close the fascia of large trocar sites under vision.
    Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 12/2014; · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abdominopelvic infiltrative disease may require aggressive surgical procedures. This study reports on our experience with distal ureterectomy, ureteroureterostomy, and extravesical ureteroneocystostomy as part of radical surgery for infiltrating gynecologic disease. Twenty-one women required surgery to the distal ureter at the Queensland Centre for Gynecological Cancer, Australia, from January 2006 to September 2012. Details of the patient's history, operation record, inpatient notes, and follow-up data were obtained through chart review. Patients' median age was 57.8 ± 14.7 years (range, 30-80 years). Seventeen patients had gynecologic cancer. Mean operating time was 3.9 ± 0.9 hours (range, 2.5-5.5 hours). Restoration of continuity was achieved through extravesical ureteroneocystostomy and ureteroureterostomy in 18 and 3 patients, respectively. Boari flap was used in 3 patients, and psoas hitch was the technique chosen in 11 patients. Urinary tract infection was the most common clinical adverse event. Albeit clinically irrelevant, 38% of the patients showed structural renal tract changes postoperatively. To achieve maximal surgical radicalness, resection of the distal ureter with subsequent ureteroureterostomy or extravesical ureteroneocystostomy is feasible and safe. Radical surgery to the urinary tract should be considered as a legitimate part of a gynecologic oncologist's surgical armamentarium to increase a patient's probability of survival and its positive effect on kidney function.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 07/2013; 23(6):1139-45. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (TLH) and Total Abdominal Hysterectomy (TAH) with regard to surgical safety. Between October 2005 and June 2010, 760 patients with apparent early stage endometrial cancer were enroled in a multicentre, randomised clinical trial (LACE) comparing outcomes following TLH or TAH. The main study end points for this analysis were surgical adverse events (AE), hospital length of stay, conversion from laparoscopy to laparotomy, including 753 patients who completed at least 6 weeks of follow-up. Postoperative AEs were graded according to Common Toxicity Criteria (V3), and those immediately life-threatening, requiring inpatient hospitalisation or prolonged hospitalisation, or resulting in persistent or significant disability/incapacity were regarded as serious AEs. The incidence of intra-operative AEs was comparable in either group. The incidence of post-operative AE CTC grade 3+ (18.6% in TAH, 12.9% in TLH, p 0.03) and serious AE (14.3% in TAH, 8.2% in TLH, p 0.007) was significantly higher in the TAH group compared to the TLH group. Mean operating time was 132 and 107 min, and median length of hospital stay was 2 and 5 days in the TLH and TAH group, respectively (p<0.0001). The decline of haemoglobin from baseline to day 1 postoperatively was 2g/L less in the TLH group (p 0.006). Compared to TAH, TLH is associated with a significantly decreased risk of major surgical AEs. A laparoscopic surgical approach to early stage endometrial cancer is safe.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 05/2012; 48(8):1147-53. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify risk factors for major adverse events (AEs) and to develop a nomogram to predict the probability of such AEs in patients who have surgery for apparent early stage endometrial cancer. We used data from 753 patients who were randomised to either total laparoscopic hysterectomy or total abdominal hysterectomy in the LACE trial. Serious adverse events that prolonged hospital stay or postoperative adverse events (using common terminology criteria 3+, CTCAE V3) were considered major AEs. We analysed pre-surgical characteristics that were associated with the risk of developing major AEs by multivariate logistic regression. We identified a parsimonious model by backward stepwise logistic regression. The six most significant or clinically important variables were included in the nomogram to predict the risk of major AEs within 6weeks of surgery and the nomogram was internally validated. Overall, 132 (17.5%) patients had at least one major AE. An open surgical approach (laparotomy), higher Charlson's medical co-morbidities score, moderately differentiated tumours on curettings, higher baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, higher body mass index and low haemoglobin levels were associated with AE and were used in the nomogram. The bootstrap corrected concordance index of the nomogram was 0.63 and it showed good calibration. Six pre-surgical factors independently predicted the risk of major AEs. This research might form the basis to develop risk reduction strategies to minimise the risk of AEs among patients undergoing surgery for apparent early stage endometrial cancer.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 04/2012; 48(14):2155-62. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The previous (1988) International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) vulval cancer staging system failed in 3 important areas: (1) stage 1 and 2 disease showed similar survival; (2) stage 3 represented a most heterogeneous group of patients with a wide survival range; and (3) the number and morphology of positive nodes were not taken into account. To compare the 1988 FIGO vulval carcinoma staging system with that of 2009 with regard to stage migration and prognostication. Information on all patients treated for vulval cancer at the Queensland Centre for Gynecological Cancers, Australia, between 1988 to the present was obtained. Data included patients' characteristics as well as details on histopathology, treatments, and follow-up. We recorded the original 1988 FIGO stage, reviewed all patients' histopathology information, and restaged all patients to the 2009 FIGO staging system. Data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method to compare relapse-free survival and overall survival. Data from 394 patients with primary vulval carcinoma were eligible for analysis. Patients with stage IA disease remained unchanged. Tumors formerly classified as stage II are now classified as stage IB. Therefore, FIGO 2009 stage II has become rare, with only 6 of 394 patients allocated to stage II. Stage III has been broken down into 3 substages, thus creating distinct differences in relapse-free survival and overall survival. Prognosis of patients with stage IIIC disease is remarkably poor. The FIGO 2009 staging system for vulval carcinoma successfully addresses some concerns of the 1988 system. Especially, it identifies high-risk patients within the heterogeneous group of lymph node-positive patients.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 03/2012; 22(3):498-502. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While there is ample literature on prognostic factors for uterine cancer, currently there are nomeans to estimate an individual's risk for recurrence or to differentiate the risk of loco-regional recurrence from distant recurrence. We addressed this gap by developing nomograms to individualize the risk of recurrence. A total of 2097 consecutive patients who underwent primary surgery between 1997 and 2007 were included. Sixteen covariates were evaluated for their prognostic significance and modeled using multivariable competing risks regression to predict three-year outcomes as part of a nomogram. Each covariate in the nomogram is assigned a value, and a sum of these values form the overall risk score from which three-year incidence probabilities can be predicted for each individual. Predictive accuracy was assessed with concordance index and then corrected for optimism. The median follow-up time (inter-quartile range, IQR) was 50.0 (28.3-77.5) months and 221 patients developed a recurrence (127 patients with isolated loco-regional recurrence, 94 patients with distant recurrence). The nomograms included the following covariates: age at diagnosis, FIGO stage (2009), grade, lymphovascular invasion, histological type, depth of myometrial invasion, and peritoneal cytology. Concordance indices for isolated loco-regional and distant recurrences were 0.73 and 0.86, respectively. Our nomograms quantify an individual patient's risk of isolated loco-regional and distant recurrence, using factors that are routinely collected. They may assist clinicians to assess an individual's prognosis, individualize treatment and also assist in the risk stratification in prospective randomized clinical trials evaluating the effectiveness of treatments for uterine cancer.
    Gynecologic Oncology 02/2012; 125(3):520-5. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical staging in early-stage uterine cancer is controversial. Preoperative serum CA-125 may be of clinical value in predicting the presence of extra-uterine disease in patients with apparent early-stage endometrial cancer. Between October 6, 2005, and June 17, 2010, 760 patients were enrolled in an international, multicentre, prospective randomized trial (LACE) comparing laparotomy with laparoscopy in the management of endometrial cancer apparently confined to the uterus. Of these, 657 patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma had a preoperative serum CA-125 value recorded. Multiple cross-validation analysis was undertaken to correlate preoperative serum CA-125 with stage of disease (Stage I vs. Stage II+) after surgery. Patients' median preoperative serum CA-125 was 14 U/ml. A cutoff point of 30 U/ml was associated with the smallest misclassification error, and using this cutoff, 98 patients (14.9%) had elevated CA-125 levels. Of those, 36 (36.7%) had evidence of extra-uterine disease. Of the 116 patients (17.7%) with evidence of extra-uterine disease, 31.0% had an elevated CA-125 level. On univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis, only preoperative CA-125 level, but no other preoperative clinical characteristics were found to be associated with extra-uterine spread of disease. Utilizing a cutoff point of 30 U/ml achieved a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 31.0, 88.5, 36.7 and 85.7%, respectively. Elevated CA-125 above 30 U/ml in patients with apparent early-stage disease is a risk factor for the presence of extra-uterine disease and may assist clinicians in the management of patients with clinical Stage I endometrial cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 09/2011; 131(4):885-90. · 6.20 Impact Factor
  • Gynecologic Oncology 03/2011; 120. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This two-stage randomised controlled trial, comparing total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) for stage I endometrial cancer (LACE), began in 2005. The primary objective of stage 1 was to assess whether TLH results in equivalent or improved quality of life (QoL) up to 6 months after surgery compared with TAH. The primary objective of stage 2 was to test the hypothesis that disease-free survival at 4.5 years is equivalent for TLH and TAH. Here, we present the results of stage 1. Between Oct 7, 2005, and April 16, 2008, 361 participants were enrolled in the QoL substudy at 19 centres across Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong; 332 completed the QoL analysis. Randomisation was done centrally and independently from other study procedures via a computer-generated, web-based system (providing concealment of the next assigned treatment), using stratified permuted blocks of three and six patients. Patients with histologically confirmed stage I endometrioid adenocarcinoma and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status less than 2 were randomly assigned to TLH (n=190) or TAH (n=142), stratified by histological grade and study centre. Patients and study personnel were not masked to treatment assignment. QoL was measured at baseline, 1 and 4 weeks (early), and 3 and 6 months (late) after surgery, using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) questionnaire. The primary endpoint was the difference between groups in QoL change from baseline at early and late timepoints (a 5% difference was considered clinically significant). Analysis was done according to the intention-to-treat principle. Patients for both stages of the trial have now been recruited and are being followed up for disease-specific outcomes. The LACE trial is registered with, number NCT00096408. Eight of 332 patients (2.4%) had treatment conversion-seven from TLH to TAH and one from TAH to TLH (patient preference). In the early phase of recovery, patients who had TLH reported significantly greater improvement in QoL from baseline compared with those who had TAH, in all subscales apart from emotional and social wellbeing. Improvements in QoL up to 6 months after surgery continued to favour TLH, except in the emotional and social wellbeing measures of FACT and the visual analogue scale of the EuroQoL five dimensions (EuroQoL-VAS). Operating time was significantly longer in the TLH group (138 min [SD 43]) than in the TAH group (109 min [34]; p=0.001). Although the proportion of intraoperative adverse events was similar between groups (TAH eight of 142 [5.6%] vs TLH 14 of 190 [7.4%]; p=0.53); postoperatively, twice as many patients in the TAH group experienced adverse events of grade 3 or higher (33 of 142 [23.2%] vs 22 of 190 [11.6%] in the TLH group; p=0.004). Postoperative serious adverse events occurred more in the TAH group (27 of 142 [19.0%]) than in the TLH group (16 of 190 [7.9%]; p=0.002). QoL improvements from baseline during early and later phases of recovery, and the adverse event profile, favour TLH compared with TAH for treatment of stage I endometrial cancer. Cancer Council Queensland, Cancer Council New South Wales, Cancer Council Victoria, Cancer Council Western Australia; NHMRC project grant 456110; Cancer Australia project grant 631523; The Women and Infants Research Foundation, Western Australia; Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Foundation; Wesley Research Institute; Gallipoli Research Foundation; Gynetech; TYCO Healthcare, Australia; Johnson and Johnson Medical, Australia; Hunter New England Centre for Gynaecological Cancer; Genesis Oncology Trust; and Smart Health Research Grant QLD Health.
    The Lancet Oncology 08/2010; 11(8):772-80. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 09/2008; 48(4):447. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is becoming more commonly used for gynaecological malignancies. To describe our experience with TLH since its introduction to our tertiary referral centre for gynaecological cancer in 2003. Retrospective analysis of the first 120 consecutive cases of TLH performed at our gynaecological cancer centre. Patients were divided into the first, second and third group of 40 patients. Operating time, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, conversion to laparotomy and intra- and postoperative morbidity were evaluated. Results: The three groups were similar with regard to baseline characteristics. For the entire group the mean hospital stay was 2.4 +/- 1.4 days and eight of 120 patients (6.6%) required conversion to laparotomy. Operating time, estimated blood loss and intraoperative morbidity were similar among the three groups. Postoperative morbidity was highest (25%) in the middle one-third of the patients (P = 0.022). The percentage of pelvic lymph node dissections increased from 2.5% in the first one-third of patients to 27.5% in the final one-third of patients (P = 0.003). TLH can be established safely in a tertiary gynaecological cancer referral centre.
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 03/2007; 47(1):65-9. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vulval Keratoacanthoma (KA) is very rare and its differential diagnosis from the commonly occurring Vulval Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is important to avoid overtreatment. A case of Vulval KA in a 79-year-old lady is reported. She presented with a 9-mm firm raised lesion on the antero-lateral left side of the clitoris of a few months' duration with no associated symptoms. The lesion was resected with clear margins and the excision site was well healed at her appointment 4 weeks later. We share our experience reporting the fifth case of a vulval KA in the world literature. Consideration to the occurrence of vulval KA is important to avoid both an erroneous diagnosis of vulval SCC and the associated consequences of radical surgery.
    Gynecologic Oncology 06/2005; 97(2):674-6. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited information available on the requirement for postoperative analgesic drugs in patients submitted to total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) compared with patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy (VH). To compare the postoperative analgesic requirements in patients who underwent a TLH with patients who had a VH. Chart review of 53 patients who had TLH and 47 who had VH and were seen postoperatively by an acute pain management service in order to assess postoperative analgesic requirements. Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) was part of the standard protocol for postoperative pain management. Analgesic requirement was recorded as the mean doses of morphine and number of days that patients used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), oxycodone and tramadol. The requirement for total morphine was approximately half the dose in patients who had a TLH (10.8 +/- 12.6 mg) compared with patients who had a VH (19.4 +/- 21.9 mg) (P 0.017). The length of use of NSAIDs was significantly reduced in patients who had undergone a TLH (2.0 +/- 0.95 days) as compared with patients who had a VH (2.85 +/- 1.1 days) (P < 0.0001). Patients submitted to TLH require less postoperative analgesic drugs when compared with patients who had VH. Prospective randomised trials are warranted to compare analgesic requirements between patients submitted to TLH and VH.
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 04/2005; 45(2):140-3. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare patterns of recurrence and disease-free survival (DFS) of node-positive and node-negative patients with advanced vulval squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Fifty-five patients with FIGO stage III/IVA vulval SCC who had surgery at the Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer from 1989 to 1999 were included. Patients were grouped as follows: Group A, pT3 N0; Group B, pT3 N1; Group C, pT4 N2. Treatment included surgery +/- postoperative radiotherapy. Multivariate Cox models were calculated to identify independent prognostic factors. After a median follow-up of 96 months, 25 patients (45.5%) experienced recurrence at the vulva (n = 2), pelvis (n = 8), or distant sites (n = 15). Recurrence in the pelvis and at distant sites was more likely for patients in groups B and C (P 0.003). At 5 years the probability of DFS was 66.6%, 35.3%, and 39.8% for patients in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P 0.085). Patients with negative nodes (n = 15), one microscopic positive node (n = 11), and two or more positive nodes (n = 29) had a probability of DFS of 66.6%, 67.3%, and 26.1% at 5 years, respectively (P 0.005). Patients with > or =2 positive groin nodes are at risk for distant failure. The DFS of patients with negative groin nodes and those with only one microscopic positive node is very similar. The prognosis of patients with > or =2 positive unilateral or bilateral groin nodes is similar. The current FIGO staging system inaccurately reflects prognosis for patients with advanced vulval cancer. Clinical trials are warranted to investigate the benefit of systemic treatment.
    Gynecologic Oncology 01/2005; 95(3):701-5. · 3.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

137 Citations
64.00 Total Impact Points


  • 2005–2013
    • Royal Brisbane Hospital
      • Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2012
    • University of Queensland 
      • School of Medicine
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2010
    • Queensland University of Technology
      • Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia