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Publications (5)11.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether there was an imbalance between endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NOx) release and diffuse atherosclerotic changes existed in patients with slow coronary flow (SCF). Baseline and post-atrial pacing coronary sinus ET-1 and NOx levels were measured in 19 patients with SCF (11 female, 56 +/- 9 years) and in 14 control subjects (nine female, 54 +/- 7 years). All patients underwent subsequent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) investigation at the same setting with right atrial pacing. Baseline arterial (12.4 +/- 9.9 vs. 6.3 +/- 5.1 pg/ml, P<0.005) and coronary sinus (12.2 +/- 11.1 vs. 6.4 +/- 6.9 pg/ml, P<0.005) ET-1 plasma levels were higher in patients than in controls. After atrial pacing, concentration of ET-1 level from coronary sinus (24.7 +/- 14.6) significantly increased as compared to baseline (12.4 +/- 9.9, P<0.0001) and control levels (5.3 +/- 6.3, P<0.0001). Additionally, coronary sinus ET-1 level increased significantly with atrial pacing compared to femoral artery ET-1 level (16.3 +/- 8.5, P<0.005) in patients with SCF. After atrial pacing, the femoral artery ET-1 level also increased in patients compared to control level (P<0.0001). No significant differences in arterial and coronary sinus NOx plasma levels were found between the two groups, both at baseline and after pacing. Upon IVUS investigation, the common finding was longitudinally extended massive calcification throughout the epicardial arteries in patients with SCF. Mean intimal thickness was 0.59 +/- 0.18 mm. The data of this study suggest that increased ET-1 levels and insufficient NOx response, as well as the pathological data of IVUS may be associated with coronary microvascular dysfunction and may be the manifestation of early diffuse epicardial atherosclerosis in these patients with SCF.
    International Journal of Cardiology 11/2004; 97(1):35-41. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the influence of early revascularization (with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary surgery) on short- and long-term survival in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In-hospital and 6-month survival were retrospectively determined on day 193 (65-270, median +/- 25th and 75th percentiles) in 87 patients who either underwent early invasive reperfusion (group A, n=60) or those who were treated conservatively (group B, n=27). In-hospital mortality was 37% in group A and 56% in group B (P=0.192). Six-month mortality was statistically lower in group A than in group B (30 patients (50%) compared with 25 patients (93%), P=0.005). Being a woman and older age were found to be factors increasing mortality. Lower mortality in the long term was strongly associated with revascularization (odds ratio=0.08, 95% confidence interval=1.54-109). PTCA was found to be an independent predictor of long-term survival (odds ratio= 0.22, 95% confidence interval=0.049-1.00, P=0.050), by multiple logistic regression. In conclusion, this study suggests that early revascularization improves long-term survival of patients with cardiogenic shock complicating AMI, even after adjustment for baseline differences between patients who underwent early revascularization and those who did not.
    Coronary Artery Disease 10/2004; 15(6):361-6. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal treatment for in-stent restenosis (ISR) is a subject of controversy. Recently, FX minirail balloon angioplasty (BA) has emerged as a management tool for ISR. We assessed the hypothesis that the FX minirail BA has advantages over conventional percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTCA) in the treatment of ISR. FX minirail BA or PTCA were applied to 116 patients with ISR (145 lesions) at our institution. Using a computer algorithm, an attempt was made to match each lesion in the FX minirail BA group with a corresponding lesion in the PTCA group. The lesion pairs should match with respect to the patients' age and sex, type of target vessel and stent, reference vessel diameter, and baseline minimal lumen diameter (MLD). Following the matching process, 46 ISR lesion pairs were identified. Baseline patient characteristics were similar among the groups (P=not significant). There was no difference in the in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) between the groups, whereas MACE at follow-up were significantly lower in the FX minirail BA group than in the PTCA group (19.6% vs 41.3%, P <0.05). The recurrent ISR rate was significantly lower in the FX minirail BA group than in the PTCA group (19.6% vs 39.1%, P <0.05). Also, a diffuse pattern of recurrence was more common in lesions treated with PTCA, whereas the focal pattern of recurrence was more common in the FX minirail BA group (22.2% vs 50%, P <0.05). The MLD at follow-up, the acute gain, and net gain were significantly higher in the group of lesions treated with the FX minirail BA than in the PTCA group. In addition, a significantly higher late loss and loss index at follow-up were observed in the PTCA group compared in the FX minirail BA group. The FX minirail BA has advantages over PTCA in the treatment of patients with ISR, with better immediate and follow-up angiographic outcomes, and a better clinical outcome on follow-up.
    Heart and Vessels 09/2004; 19(5):230-6. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate peripheral vascular complications and their relation with treatment and clinical parameters in percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) patients. We included into the study 321 patients (aged 57+/-11 years) underwent PTCA between November 2001-August 2002. The age, gender, glycoprotein 2b/3a use, thrombolytic use, intraaortic balloon treatment, transient pacemaker treatment, reintervention history, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking status, family history and the correlations of these parameters with local vascular complications were assessed in all patients. Pseudoaneurysm incidence was significantly correlated with; age [(n=13, 68.0%) p=0.0001, OR 8.38], female gender [(n=12, 63.1%) p<0.015, OR 0.32], reintervention [(n=10, 52.1%) p<0.004, OR 3.6], venous sheath usage [(n=12, 63%) p<0.0001, OR 9.07], thrombolytic treatment [(n=5, 26.3%) p<0.0001, OR 7.9], and intraaortic balloon adjustment [(n=6, 31.5%) p<0.0001, OR 7.2]. No correlation was found between pseudoaneurysm incidence and glycoprotein 2b/3a treatment, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and family history. The present study showed that patients of female gender, with reintervention, thrombolytic treatment, venous sheath use and intraaortic balloon adjustment are at high risk for serious femoral vascular complications, especially when they are aged. Additionally, glycoprotein 2b/3a agents can be used without increased risk of peripheral vascular complications.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 03/2004; 4(1):39-44. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary slow flow (CSF) is characterized by delayed opacification of coronary arteries in the absence of epicardial occlusive disease. In this study, we aimed to determine endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide (NOx) levels and time domain heart rate variability (HRV) parameters in patients with CSF and relationship among these parameters. Thirty-three patients with CSF detected in the coronary angiography (17 females; mean age 55 +/- 7) and 19 patients with normal coronary flow (10 females; mean age 54 +/- 11) as a control group were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups according to exercise testing as if positive (group A, n = 8) or negative (group B, n = 25). Plasma ET-1 levels were higher in the group A patients (28.7 +/- 17.4 pg/ml) than that of group B (15.9 +/- 10.6 pg/ml) and control group (6.0 +/- 5.7 pg/ml); and higher in group B patients than that of control group (P < 0.05). Although groups A and B did not differ according to plasma NOx levels (23.4 +/- 13.5 micromol/L vs. 32.8 +/- 22.7 micromol/L, P > 0.05), NOx levels in group A were lower than the control group (23.4 +/- 13.5 micromol/L versus 42.5 +/- 15.9 micromol/L, P < 0.05). Time domain HRV parameters were decreased in all patient groups. This was more prominent in group A. Additionally, HRV parameters were negatively correlated with ET-1 and TIMI frame counts. TIMI frame count was also significantly correlated with ET-1 and NOx levels (r = 0.61, P < 0.0001, r =-0.30, P < 0.05). Upon intravascular ultrasonography investigation, the common finding was longitudinally extended massive calcification throughout the epicardial arteries. Mean intimal thickness was 0.50 +/- 0.13 mm (group A; 0.58 +/- 0.11 mm, group B 0.47 +/- 0.12 mm, P = 0.029). The present study demonstrated that in patients with CSF, both increased plasma ET-1, decreased plasma NOx and diffuse atherosclerosis may cause the decrease in HRV by effecting myocardial blood flow.
    Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology 01/2004; 9(1):24-33. · 1.08 Impact Factor