Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: Contractile activity of ATP and diadenosine tetraphosphate on urinary bladder in the rat: role of A1- and P2X-purinoceptors and nitric oxide.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 1. Both adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and diadenosine tetraphosphate (AP4A) produced a dose-dependent contraction of the isolated rat urinary bladder rings. AP(4)A dose-response curve was to the left of that of ATP, and maximum response was greater than that produced by ATP. 2. 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), the A1-purinergic receptor blocker (0.01 mm) significantly inhibited the ATP- and AP4A-induced contractions at the whole dose range. The inhibition was between 31-41%, and 15-25% for ATP and AP4A respectively. 3. Pyridoxal phosphate 6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS), the P2X-purinoceptor antagonist (0.01 mm) potently inhibited the bladder contractions in response to ATP and AP4A by around 75-80%. 4. The nitric oxide (NO) precursor L-arginine reduced the bladder contractile response to ATP by about 22-41% and that of AP4A to a lesser extent by around 20-32%. 5. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 0.1 mM), did not produce any significant effect on ATP except for a weak inhibition of about 14% at the lowest dose of ATP. The contractions in response to AP4A were only slightly reduced by L-NAME by about 20%. 6. In conclusion, the contractile response of the bladder to ATP and to the dinucleotide AP4A is mediated mainly through P2X-purinoceptors and A1-purinergic receptors. In the detrusor muscle, NO donation possesses an inhibitory effect on ATP-mediated contractility more than that produced by the dinucleotide AP4A.Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology 02/2007; 27(1):55-62.
Article: Contractile activity of ATP and diadenosine tetraphosphate on urinary bladder in the rats: role of superoxide anion and urothelium.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Both ATP and diadenosine tetraphosphate (AP(4)A) produced a dose-dependent contraction of rat isolated urinary bladder rings. The AP(4)A dose-response curve was to the left of that of ATP, and the maximum response was greater than that produced by ATP. Mechanical removal of the urothelium increased the contractile response to ATP by between 53% and 71%, and that to AP(4)A by 42% (at highest AP(4)A concentration) to 68% at lower concentration. Inhibition of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase with diethylthiocarbamate (DETCA, 5 mm) significantly reduced the ATP-evoked contraction by 31% (at high ATP concentration) to 40% at low ATP concentration. Similarly, the AP(4)A-induced contractions were significantly decreased by 27% at low AP(4)A level to 38% at higher concentrations. Induction of exogenous superoxide anion stress by the use of the superoxide anion generator, pyrogallol (0.5 mm), significantly decreased both ATP- and AP(4)A-induced contractions of the rat urinary bladder over the whole dose range. Contractile responses to ATP decreased by 36-40%, and those to AP(4)A by 44-49%. In conclusion, the urinary bladder urothelium exerts an inhibitory control over the purinergic contractility produced by adenine mononucleotides and dinucleotides. Superoxide anion stress, whether endogenous or exogenous, attenuates the ATP-induced as well as AP(4)A-induced contractility.Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology 05/2006; 26(2):149-56.