[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal stone disease is an ancient and common affliction, common in industrialised nations. The causes and incidence of nephrolithiasis are presented. Afterwards, the promoters and inhibitors of renal stone formation analysis in urine are described including enzymatic methods, chromatography, capillary electrophoresis and other techniques. Aspects such as sample collection and storage are also included. The review article includes referenced tables that provide summaries of methodology for the analysis of nephrolithiasis related compounds.
Journal of Chromatography B 01/2003; 781(1-2):433-55. · 2.49 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A previously developed method for screening organic acidurias by capillary electrophoresis has been validated for oxalate and citrate measurement in urine. Sample pretreatment is minimum, just acidification and centrifugation. Detection is by direct UV. Validation parameters of the method can be considered adequate. Response is linear for both analytes in standards and samples. The assayed ranges were 200-1,000 mg/l for citrate and 10-200 mg/l for oxalate. Recoveries ranged from 99.4+/-3 to 101.7+/-2.4%, maximum imprecision in oxalate concentration was of 7.6% RSD and limits of detection in samples were 0.67 mg/l for oxalate and 25.9 mg/l for citrate, both lower than the measured values in samples. Identification of increased glyoxylic (oxoacetic acid) and glyceric acids (2,3-dihydroxy propanoic) are also included to facilitate the diagnosis.
Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications 06/2001; 755(1-2):287-95.