[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study normothermic extracorporeal liver perfusion (NELP) as a means to preserve livers for transplantation and to reverse warm ischemic injury.
The authors provide experimental evidence that successful transplantation after 4 hours of normothermic extracorporeal liver perfusion is possible and as reliable as 4 hours of cold preservation in University of Wisconsin solution. NELP preserves liver function completely and can reverse 60 minutes of warm ischemic injury in non-heart-beating donors.
Thirty-six German Landrace pigs received transplants in six groups. Group 1 animals received direct transplantation. Group 2 received transplants after 4 hours of cold preservation with University of Wisconsin solution and Group 3 animals after 4 hours of NELP. Group 4 animals sustained 1 hour of warm ischemia before transplantation. Group 5 animals received transplants after 1 hour of warm ischemia and 4 hours of cold preservation and Group 6 animals after 1 hour of warm ischemia and 4 hours of NELP.
All animals receiving livers treated by NELP survived more than 7 days after the transplant (Groups 3 and 6). In contrast, all animals in Group 5 developed primary graft nonfunction within 24 hours after transplantation.
The technique of NELP holds the potential to keep a mammalian liver outside the body completely functional, possibly for more than 4 hours. NELP can be used for liver preservation before transplantation or for the use of organs from non-heart-beating donors.
Annals of Surgery 02/2001; 233(1):114-23. DOI:10.1097/00000658-200101000-00017 · 8.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), the development of hepatic encephalopathy is associated with grossly abnormal concentrations of plasma amino acids (PAA). Normalization of the ratio of branched-chain amino acids to aromatic amino acids (Fischer's ratio) correlates with clinical improvement. This study evaluated changes in PAA metabolism during 4 h of isolated, normothermic extracorporeal liver perfusion using a newly designed system containing human blood and a rhesus monkey liver. Bile and urea production were within the physiological range. Release of the transaminases AST, ALT and LDH were minimal. The ratio of branched (valine, leucine, isoleucine) to aromatic (tyrosine, phenylalanine) amino acids increased significantly. These results indicate that a xenogeneic extracorporeal liver perfusion system is capable of significantly increasing Fischer's ratio and may play a role in treating and bridging patients in FHF in the future.
European Surgical Research 02/1999; 31(3):230-9. DOI:10.1159/000008698 · 2.47 Impact Factor