[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most prevalent primary hepatic tumor. Early diagnosis and staging is of paramount importance to obtain favorable survivals. So far, there is no general agreement on the most appropriate imaging technique to detect the tumor for correlation between pretransplant radiologic and pathologic size of the tumor, which remains inadequate. With greater clinical experience and increasing accuracy of imaging methods, magnetic resonance (MR) appears to be the most accurate method, yielding a correlation in 67% of cases.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The most frequent etiology of visceral artery aneurysms is arteriosclerosis, but vascular manipulation during hepatic transplantation may also cause a mycotic pseudoaneurysm. Treatment with embolization, stents or percutaneous thrombin injection have been recommended but surgical revascularization is indicated when interventional techniques fail. A 43-year-old man with hepatitis C virus cirrhosis who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation from a cadaveric donor was treated with cyclosporine, mycophenolate, and steroids and was discharged from hospital at 35 days. Two months later he was readmitted with a febrile syndrome. Abdominal computed tomography showed necrosis of hepatic segments IV, V, and VI. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography revealed partial thrombosis of the hepatic artery and stenosis of the portal anastomosis secondary to an aneurysm of the hepatic artery. A few hours after the radiological diagnosis, the patient suffered a bout of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and shock. Emergency surgery revealed a mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the common hepatic artery, which had ruptured into the bile tract with hemobilia. The liver graft was removed because of severe necrosis of the right liver. The patient died awaiting a new liver transplantation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: our aims is to understand endoscopic findings from a preoperative systematic study of patients with hepatic cirrhosis who were candidates for transplantation and their impact on a protocol for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal haemorrhage.
this study involves a retrospective evaluation of upper digestive tract lesions detected before inclusion and a prospective evaluation of new episodes of variceal haemorrhage, associated mortality rates, and factors that are likely to be involved in the development of this condition. Primary prophylaxis with beta-blockers was considered indicated in cases of varices of grande II or greater or with signs associated with increased risk. Secondary prophylaxis was essentially always associated with medical and endoscopic treatment.
of 134 patients, there were 9 deaths, with a median time on the waiting list of 3 months. Of all patients, 33.6% presented with high risk oesophageal varices, 11.2 % with gastric varices, 42.6% with portal hypertensive gastropathy, and 26.9% with peptic lesions. Primary prophylaxis was indicated in 33 of 90 patients, and was initiated in almost half of the cases as a results of the study. Optimum fulfiment of the pre-established objectives was 75.3%. The incidence of new haemorrhagic events due to varices was 10.4% and accounted for almost half of the deaths during the monitoring period. The only statistically significant predictive factors were the presence of gastrict varices and previous history.
upper endoscopy should play a role in the preoperative examination of liver transplant candidates due to the significant impact it has on subsequent management.
Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 09/2003; 95(8):555-60, 549-54. · 1.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recipient portal vein thrombosis in liver transplantation is a contingency that increases surgical difficulty as well as patient morbidity and mortality. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a surgical technique for reconstruction of portal blood flow in emergency situations of portal vein thrombosis with inadequate blood flow and a poor vascular bed for re-vascularization.
Transplant International 09/2003; 16(8):500-1. · 3.16 Impact Factor