[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) alone and in conjunction with a bovine inorganic bone matrix in furcation defects.
Twenty class III furcation defects were treated in 18 non-smoker patients, 35-75 years old. Horizontal (CAL-H) and vertical clinical attachment levels (CAL-V), probing depths (PD), gingival margin levels (GML), horizontal (BDL-H) and vertical bone defect levels (BDL-V), and alveolar crest levels (ACL) were performed at baseline and at 6-month re-entry procedures. Subtraction radiography was used to assess gain or loss in optical density (OD) and area of bone fill (A) (baseline/6 months). After flap elevation, the sites were randomly assigned to receive GTR + Bio-Oss (test) or GTR treatment alone (control). Results were evaluated using anova.
Differences were statistically significant between baseline and re-entry for PD, ACL (p < 0.01) and GML (p < 0.05) for the control group, and for BDL-V (p < 0.01) for the test group. There was a gain in ACL for the test group and a reduction in ACL for the control group (p < 0.01). No differences were observed for OD and A.
The results of this study indicate that class III furcation defects are not predictably resolved utilizing GTR or GTR in combination with an inorganic bone matrix.
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology 01/2003; 30(1):1-8. · 3.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this clinical and radiographic study was to evaluate the effect of guided tissue regeneration using a bioabsorbable barrier in the treatment of intrabony defects in humans.
Intrabony osseous defects (2 or 3 walls) around mandibular canines and premolars were treated in 10 systemically healthy patients with ages ranging from 35 to 56 years. Prior to the surgical phase, patients were enrolled in a strict maintenance program including oral hygiene instructions and scaling and root planing (presurgical Pi and GI < 10%). Patients were seen for professional prophylaxis during the duration of the study. Clinical measurements were performed with an electronic probe at baseline and at reentry 8 months following surgical therapy. Measurements included clinical attachment levels (CAL), gingival margin levels (GML), probing depths (PD), bone defect levels (BDL), and alveolar crest level (ACL). A split mouth design was used. Quadrants were randomly assigned for treatment by GTR (experimental) or open flap debridement alone (control). Standardized radiographs were taken at baseline and at reentry. Digital images were analyzed by subtraction to assess changes in area (A) and optical density (OD). Data were evaluated using paired t test.
Statistically significant differences were found in both groups when comparing baseline and post-treatment values for CAL, GML, PD, and BDL (P < 0.0 1). Greater reductions in BDL and gain in A and OD were observed in the GTR group when compared to control (P < 0.01). Both therapies were effective in improving the clinical parameters assessed.
Clinical and radiographic findings from this study demonstrated more bone fill in sites treated with GTR.
Journal of Periodontology 04/2002; 73(4):353-9. · 2.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goal of this investigation was to histologically evaluate the healing and revascularization of the subepithelial connective tissue graft in dogs.
Six beagle dogs were used in this study. Recession defects were surgically created on maxillary left P2 and right P2, and maxillary and mandibular left central and lateral incisors. The defects were left untreated for 35 days. After elevating a split thickness flap, the graft was harvested from the palate and placed over the denuded root surfaces. The flap was then coronally repositioned and sutured. Three dogs provided the specimens for 7- and 14-day time points and 3 dogs for 28- and 60-day time points. The animals were sacrificed and the blocks obtained were divided in half. One half was processed following the Spalteholtz method and the other was processed for routine histologic examination.
At 7 days, a clot was present at the demarcation zones and it was more organized at 14 days. At 28 days, the junctional epithelium was formed and the demarcation zones could not be delineated. At 60 days, the oral epithelium had regained its normal appearance. The attachment of the graft to the root surface was mediated by a combination of epithelial downgrowth and connective tissue attachment. Minimal new bone and cementum formation was observed. The vascularization of the graft at 7 days originated from the periodontal plexus and the overlying flap. At 14 days, the graft was completely vascularized. At 28 and 60 days, normal vascularization was present.
The vascularization of the connective tissue graft originates from the periodontal plexus, the supraperiosteal plexus, and the overlying flap. The attachment of the graft to the root surface appears to be mediated by a combination of epithelial downgrowth and connective tissue attachment. There is little potential for new cementum and new bone formation.
Journal of Periodontology 05/2001; 72(4):470-8. · 2.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to determine the accuracy of the computer assisted image analysis method and to evaluate its application for the assessment of periodontal wound healing in dogs. Histological material was analyzed with an optic microscope connected to a CCD color camera which transmitted the image to a frame grabber converting the light signals into pixels from which the measurements could be obtained. Twenty sections were read to assess the intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility for the parameters of area filled by new tissue, area of epithelium, area of bone and linear measurements of the cementum. The data were statistically analyzed using the t-test to test the hypothesis that there was no difference between and within examiners. No statistically significant differences were noted (with a confidence interval of 95%) for any parameter when intra-examiner reproducibility was assessed. Similar results were achieved for surface areas when the inter-examiner readings were computed. However, values of linear measurements for cementum showed statistically significant differences between recorders (p < 0.05). Results were consistently uniform and the method demonstrated high accuracy when intra-examiner readings were evaluated.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study focussed on the biologic success of 2 different procedures for root coverage. In the maxillary canines of 7 beagle dogs, buccal recessions were created and treated on one side with an ePTFE membrane (GTR-group) and on the contralateral side with a free connective tissue graft from the palate (CT-group). 2 areas served as negative controls. After 4 months of healing, histologic sections were processed and histologically analyzed. The evaluated parameters were coverage height, bone, cementum and connective tissue attachment regeneration, length of the epithelium, resorption, and ankylosis. Histologically, both GTR-group and CT-group produced more new bone, new cementum and new connective tissue attachment than the two control teeth. When histologically evaluated, the amount of new bone was more pronounced in the GTR-group than in the CT-group, however, no statistical differences in any of the evaluated parameters could be detected between the 2 procedures tested. Frequency and distribution of resorption and ankylosis were similar in the GTR-group and in the CT-group. Within the limits of this study, no differences in terms of the biologic rehabilitation between those recessions treated with ePTFE membranes and those treated with a free connective tissue graft could be found.
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology 04/1998; 25(3):238-45. · 3.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical results of guided periodontal tissue regeneration (GPTR) using a resorbable barrier manufactured from a copolymer of polylactic and polyglycolic acids (Resolut Regenerative Material) with those of non-resorbable e-PTFE barrier (Gore-Tex Periodontal Material). 12 subjects participated, 6 with similarly paired class II furcations and 6 with 2 similar 2, 3-wall periodontal lesions. The resorbable and non-resorbable barriers were randomly assigned to 1 defect in each subject. Non-resorbable barriers were removed in six weeks. Plaque index (PlI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL) and gingival recession (R) were recorded at baseline, (i.e., immediately prior to surgery) and at 12 months postsurgically. The clinical healing was similar and uneventful in both groups. Intrabony pockets depicted significant changes from baseline (p < 0.05) for probing depth reduction and gain in clinical attachment levels. No differences were found between treatments. Class II furcations showed significant improvements from baseline (p < or = 0.05) for probing depth reduction and clinical attachment gain. No differences were detected between treatments. It is concluded that the resorbable barrier tested is as effective as the nonresorbable e-PTFE barrier for the treatment of class II furcations and intrabony defects.
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology 10/1997; 24(10):747-52. · 3.61 Impact Factor