L Firrisi

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (11)18.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a profound unilateral sensorineural hearing loss following epidemic parotitis, with good response of otoacoustic emissions. The patient was a 12-year-old girl who had developed a unilateral hearing impairment 2 weeks after the onset of mumps. Pure tone audiometry confirmed a profound left sensorineural hearing loss. The affected ear showed an absence of auditory brain stem responses, whereas transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and distortion product otoacoustic emissions were preserved. Epidemic parotitis virus is likely responsible for an impairment of inner hair cells, primary afferent fibers or their synapses, or a combination of these areas, and it does not seem to have a specific tropism for cochlear outer hair cells. Further follow-up will be necessary to differentiate the present case from auditory neuropathy.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 12/2004; 113(11):887-90. DOI:10.1177/000348940411301107 · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) has been recognized as the most common vestibular disorder; it is a term coined in 1952 by Dix and Hallpike, and it is most commonly used to describe a disease with a characteristic clinical presentation believed to be caused by free-floating particles leaving the macula and entering one of the semicircular canals, usually the posterior one, more rarely the horizontal or superior ones. A lot of studies showed as the prevalence is higher in females than in males with a ratio of 2:1; furthermore, prevalence increases with the age: the mean age at onset is 54 years, with a range of 11 to 84 years. The most important clinical manifestations of BPPV are: vertigo, lightheadedness, dysequilibrium and sometimes nausea, vomiting, pallor and sweating. The diagnosis of BPPV is very simple through the Dix-Hallpike test or the diagnostic Semont's maneuver; the increasing information about the BPPV's pathogenesis has led most authors to consider the rehabilitative therapy, and in particular the so-called Semont's "liberatory" maneuver, as the first choice treatment of BPPV, in relation to its quickness and efficacy. In this treatment the debris are moved from the posterior semicircular canal to another location within the vestibular labyrinth. In our review we consider the possible pathogenesis of this disease and the best therapies, like repositioning maneuvers, in a patient affected by BPPV.
    La Clinica terapeutica 10/2004; 155(9):395-400. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of three therapeutic strategies (Semont maneuver, flunarizine, and no treatment) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Randomized prospective trial. One hundred fifty-six consecutive patients older than 60 years of age who were affected by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal were enrolled. The diagnosis was made on the basis of the history of recurrent sudden crisis of vertigo and positional-induced typical nystagmus after Dix-Hallpike positioning maneuver. Patients were randomly allocated to receive Semont liberatory maneuver (intended as a statoconia-detachment maneuver), flunarizine, or no treatment. A post-treatment negative Dix-Hallpike test result was considered as a proof of vertigo resolution. Cure rates with Semont maneuver were significantly higher (94.2%) than those obtained with flunarizine (57.7%) and no treatment (36.4%) (P <.001). Within a 6-month follow-up, relapse rates were lower among patients treated with Semont maneuver (3.8%) than those obtained with flunarizine (5.8%) and no treatment (21.1%). All patients with resolution of symptoms and negative Dix-Hallpike test results showed a great improvement in daily activities and quality of life (P <.001). Semont liberatory maneuver is the most successful therapy for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and improves patients' quality of life. Diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers are easy to perform and should be part of the medical knowledge of every general practitioner and geriatrician.
    The Laryngoscope 06/2004; 114(5):827-31. DOI:10.1097/00005537-200405000-00007 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    F Salvinelli · M Casale · L Firrisi · F Greco · L D'Ascanio ·

    Allergy 05/2004; 59(4):465. DOI:10.1046/j.1398-9995.2003.00345.x · 6.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital agenesis of the parotid gland is a rare entity whose etiopathogenesis is still unclear. It is usually bilateral and is sometimes associated with other developmental anomalies of the head and neck region. A case is presented in which aplasia of the right parotid gland was associated with an omolateral angioma of the cheek. The radiological diagnostic approach and a review of the literature on agenesis of the salivary glands are presented.
    Acta Oto-Laryngologica 05/2004; 124(3):328-30. DOI:10.1080/00016480310015911 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 35delG is the most common mutation in the Connexin-26 gene, representing a major cause of autosomal recessive hearing loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the audiological phenotype and the 35delG mutation in 64 Sicilians with non-syndromic deafness. Pure-tone audiometry and a screening for 35delG mutation were performed. Audiograms were evaluated according to the classification of Liu and Xu. Thirteen homozygotes and nine heterozygotes for the investigated mutation were found. Symmetrical hearing loss was significantly (p=0.008) more common in homozygous subjects than in those without the Connexin-26 mutation. Profound-severe hypoacusia was found in 92.3 per cent of 35delG homozygous, 22.3 per cent of heterozygous and 58.7 per cent of 35delG absent patients. Residual shape audiograms were more frequent in homozygotes. A molecular analysis for the 35delG mutation should be performed in cases of symmetric, severe-profound congenital hearing loss, as a genetic cause is probable in such cases.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 02/2004; 118(1):8-11. DOI:10.1258/002221504322731547 · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective study aims to evaluate the efficacy of stapedotomy in relation to age. Eighty-four ears of 82 consecutive patients who underwent stapedotomy were studied. Patients were divided into five groups according to their age. In each patient, we evaluated the pre- and postoperative auditory thresholds, according to the Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium of the American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery guidelines. Statistically significant (P < 0.05) differences between the pre- and postoperative air conduction thresholds were observed in all groups. Statistically significant reductions of air-bone gap were observed at lower-medium frequencies (250, 500 and 1000 Hz) in the elderly as well as in the younger patients. We did not find a higher susceptibility of the inner ear to surgical trauma in the elderly in comparison to the younger patients. Our data show that stapedotomy results in older adults are comparable to those obtained in the younger, without an increased incidence of complications.
    Clinical Otolaryngology 12/2003; 28(6):520-3. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2273.2003.00756.x · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The regimen with paclitaxel and platinum compound (carboplatin or cisplatin) is the standard chemotherapy for patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Ototoxity for carboplatin and paclitaxel alone or combined is rarely observed. We report the case of a 35-year old female with advanced ovarian cancer who developed sudden bilateral sensorineural hearing loss related to paclitaxel and carboplatin based chemotherapy. This uncommon adverse effect of carboplatin and paclitaxel alone or combined is discussed and the literature reviewed. Hearing monitoring should be mandatory to evaluate the real incidence of clinical and sub-clinical hearing modification induced by carboplatin and paclitaxel based chemotherapy.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 04/2003; 22(1):155-8. · 4.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 77-year-old man with a 3-year-history of progressive dysphonia, without dysphagia. His voice sounded breathy; the pitch and the loudness were low. He complained of a few episodes of voice breaking. At laryngostroboscopy the adduction motion of the left true vocal cord was slower than the contralateral one. A cervical spine X-ray demonstrated a generalized vertebral osteophytosis and a 3-centimeter-long anterior osteophytic spur, originating from C6. Evaluation with barium swallow showed a dislocation of the inferior cervico-oesophagus to the right, with a preservation of its lumen. Cervical-thoracic computed tomography showed a mild pressure produced by the osteophyte on the thyroid cartilage and the presence of the radiological criteria for Forestier's disease. Therefore, the presence of dysphonia in older adults without any primary laryngeal cause, indicates a radiological study of the cervical-thoracic region, in order to discover cervical osteophytosis.
    Revue de laryngologie - otologie - rhinologie 02/2003; 124(3):191-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigates the efficacy of Semont's repositioning liberatory maneuver by comparing it with no-treatment in a population of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). In this randomised, controlled, 6-month efficacy trial, 40 patients affected by BPPV were treated with Semont's maneuver. Outcomes were measured subjectively by patients about their Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and quality of life, based on the "Vestibular Disorders Activities of Daily Living Scale". Results were compared to those obtained in 40 non-treated BPPV patients. During the first month of the study, 92.5% of patients of Semont's group resolved their symptoms. Cure rates with Semont's maneuver were significantly higher than those obtained with no-therapy (92.5% versus 37.5%). Within a six month follow-up, relapse rates were lower among patients treated with Semont's maneuver than among the no-treated ones (5% versus 60%). All patients with a resolution of symptoms and a negative Dix-Hallpike's test presented a great improvement in daily activities and quality of life. BPPV is easy to solve with a successful repositioning maneuver. Since BPPV is a very common cause of vertigo and can represent a medical emergency, we believe that it is of interest for every general practitioner to be able to promptly recognize this frequent balance disorder and to be able to treat a patient affected by BPPV with a safe repositioning maneuver.
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2003; 154(1):7-11. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vertigo is one of the types of dizziness with dysequilibrium, presyncope and lightheadedness. But what does vertigo mean? Vertigo indicates a sensation of false movement (generally described like a rotation) but sometimes the patient can describe it like a sensation of tilt. Instead, the word dizziness indicates a sensation of disturbed relation to surrounding objects in space with feelings of rotation or whirling characteristic of vertigo as well as non-rotatory swaying, weakness, faintness and unsteadiness characteristic of giddiness. In our review we describe, after brief considerations about functional anatomy of the vestibular system, the most important cause of vertigo considering the duration of the symptom; moreover we underline the importance of anamnesis and of the objective examination for a correct differential diagnosis of a dizzy patient. As to objective examination we describe the most important characteristics of nystagmus, that is the only objective sign in vertigo, of central and peripheral origin. At last we consider the most efficacious therapies, like as medications (specific and aspecific), surgery (conservative and destructive) and rehabilitation, in relation the characteristics and the causes of vertigo.
    La Clinica terapeutica 11/2002; 154(5):341-8. · 0.33 Impact Factor