ABSTRACT: We retrospectively investigated the results of the 10-core scheme that our institute has adopted for three years. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cancer detection rate in different sets of biopsies (first, second, third and surgical specimen biopsy).
Patients with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer based on abnormal digital rectal examination, increase of PSA or hypoechoic lesion at transrectal ultrasound were subjected to a 10-core biopsy. Ten biopsies were taken following the traditional sextant technique and 4 more biopsies were obtained from the lateral peripheral zone. In addition, a group of 19 specimens of retropubic radical prostatectomy were biopsied immediately following surgery.
Of 664 patients 247 (37.2%) were positive for prostate cancer at first biopsy. Eighty-one out of 664 patients were subjected to a second biopsy for persistent elevation or increasing of PSA, or in case of tumor associated histological findings such as high PIN and ASAP. The cancer detection rate in this group was 19.8% (16/81). Of the remaining 65 patients who were negative at second biopsy, 12 received a third biopsy for persistent clinical suspect of cancer, and 2 were positive (16.7%). In 19 surgical specimens, 14 biopsies were confirmed positive and 5 were negative (73.7%).
The extended biopsy such as the 10-core scheme showed to be a reliable protocol, taking an adequate cancer detection rate either at first or repeated biopsy with no increase in morbidity.
Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia 07/2006; 78(2):39-43.
ABSTRACT: We describe a simple mono-institutional study to prospectively assess the benefits and complications of the mini-laparotomic incision for radical retropubic prostatectomy with the anatomic approach.
Radical retropubic prostatectomy with the anatomical approach, as described by Walsh, was performed through a 4 to 8 cm incision. Median operative time, body weight, prostate weight, pathologic stage, incidence of positive surgical margins, urinary continence, the need for post-operative analgesics, peri-operative complications, are the parameters we assessed. Blood losses were calculated with the aid of a specific formula instead of simply recording the suction or weighing the sponges.
52 patients were consecutively operated on through a mini-laparotomic incision. Median incisional length was 8 cm (range 4 to 8 cm). Median operating time was 116 minutes (105-141), calculated blood loss was 1108.797ml, incidence of positive margins was 14%, urinary continence was observed in 48/50 patients (98%), and there was a complication rate of 4/52 (7.6%).
The results we obtained with the mini-laparotomic incision are comparable to previous reports of the standard incision, also by our group, though with a lower need for postoperative analgesia. They also compare with laparoscopic prostatectomy in the length of time of catheterization and post-operative analgetic consumption.
Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia 07/2006; 78(2):61-3.
ABSTRACT: To verify if there might still be an indication to the sextant biopsy technique we reviewed the cancer detection rate obtained and the complications encountered during a five years interval, at our hospital.
From January 1997 to December 2002 we have submitted to prostatic biopsy a total of 1025 consecutive patients with a clinical suspect of prostate cancer. A total of six cores were obtained in all the patients with an additional core at suspect lesions.
Overall, prostate cancer was present in the biopsies of 444 of 1025 patients giving a detection rate of 43.3%. In patients with serum PSA levels between 4.1 and 10 ng/ml., 169 of 466 biopsies were positive, for a detection rate of 36.3%. An increase in percentage of positivity was observed with increasing decades of age. Overall complication rate was 1.4%.
In patients older than 70 years, and with PSA levels higher than 10 ng/ml, the sextant technique may offer cancer detection rates comparable with techniques using an increased number of cores, and with lower complication rates.
Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia 07/2005; 77(2):106-8.