Publications (3)4.65 Total impact
- Methods in molecular medicine 02/2003; 83:3-14.
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ABSTRACT: Environmental factors, such as viral infection, have been implicated as potential triggering events leading to the initial destruction of pancreatic beta cells during the development of autoimmune diabetes. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), the active component of a viral infection that stimulates antiviral responses in infected cells, has been shown in combination with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) to stimulate inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and nitric oxide production and to inhibit beta cell function. Interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), the activation of which is induced by dsRNA, viral infection, and IFN-gamma, regulates the expression of many antiviral proteins, including PKR, type I IFN, and iNOS. In this study, we show that IRF-1 is not required for dsRNA + IFN-gamma-stimulated iNOS expression and nitric oxide production by mouse islets. In contrast to islets, dsRNA + IFN-gamma fails to induce iNOS expression or nitric oxide production by macrophages isolated from IRF-1(-/-) mice; however, dsRNA + IFN-gamma induces similar levels of IL-1 release by macrophages isolated from both IRF-1(-/-) and IRF-1(+/+) mice. Importantly, we show that dsRNA- or dsRNA + IFN-gamma-stimulated IRF-1 expression by mouse islets and peritoneal macrophages is independent of PKR. These results indicate that IRF-1 is required for dsRNA + IFN-gamma-induced iNOS expression and nitric oxide production by mouse peritoneal macrophages but not by mouse islets. These findings suggest that dsRNA + IFN-gamma stimulates iNOS expression by two distinct PKR-independent mechanisms; one that is IRF-1-dependent in macrophages and another that is IRF-1-independent in islets.Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2002; 277(1):359-65. · 4.65 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Pathology - AMER J PATHOL. 01/2001; 159(1):273-283.