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Publications (7)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical characteristics of Streptococcus pneumonia-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (SP-HUS) in children. Clinical and laboratory data of a pediatric case of SP-HUS were retrospectively analyzed and the key points of diagnosis and therapy were reviewed. An 18-month old girl was admitted with chief complaint of fever and cough for 5 days combined with mild labored breath. Breath sound was found weakened in right lung with lower lobe dullness on percussion. Laboratory tests revealed: WBC 3.7×10(9)/L, Hb 83 g/L, PLT 11×10(9)/L, C-reactive protein (CRP) > 180 mg/L. Morphological study of the RBCs showed marked anisocytosis and schistocytosis. Urinalysis showed 42.66 RBCs per high-power field, occult blood (+++), proteinura (++++). Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from blood, pleural fluid and sputum. Serotyping with simplified chessboard system was 3. The direct Coombs test was positive. Serum complement levels (C3 and C4) were depressed at 0.699 g/L, 0.064 g/L, respectively. Chest X-ray showed pleural effusion and infection of the right hemothorax. The computerized tomographic scan of the chest revealed pneumatoceles in the right lower lobe. The diagnosis on admission we considered was SP-HUS. Intravenous antibiotic therapy (vancomycin + cefoperazone/sulbactam) was administered. The renal replacement theraphy was administered to maintain electrolyte and fluid balances and adequate nutrition. Transfusions of washed red blood cells were administered to correct the anemia. One month after admission the patient was good with recovery. Liver and renal function recovered and the pneumonia was resolving, anemia and platelets were corrected. The direct Coombs test turned to be negative. Serum complement levels (C3 and C4) were normal. After 3-month follow-up, no clinical anomalies were detected. SP-HUS should be suspected when the following occurs in the context of pneumococcal infections: microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, acute renal failure and a positive Coombs test result. Serotype 3 of SP was associated with HUS.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 07/2013; 51(7):535-539.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the role of phosphorylation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) in asthmatic airway remodeling and to explore the effect of glucocorticoids on IL-1beta, JNK and airway remodeling. Forty-eight 4 - 6 week old male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups with 12 rats in each group: the control group, the asthma group, the budesonide (BUD) group, and the dexamethasone (DXM) group. The asthma airway remodeling models were made by intra-peritoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) on days 1 and 8 and inhalation of OVA every other day for 12 weeks since day 15. The BUD group underwent inhalation of BUD 30 min before every inhalation; the DXM group received intra-peritoneal injection of DXM 30 min before every inhalation; while the control group received normal saline instead of OVA. The histopathology and ultrastructural changes of pulmonary tissues were observed by light microscope and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The total bronchial wall thickness (Wat) and the airway smooth muscle thickness (Wam) were measured by image analysis system. The concentrations of IL-1beta in serum and BALF were tested by sandwich ELISA. The protein expressions of P-JNK and P-c-Jun were detected by immunohistochemistry technique. Lung tissue extracts were analyzed for phosphorylation of JNK by Western blot. Linear correlation analysis was used to evaluate correlations between Wat and P-JNK protein (mA), Wam and P-JNK protein (mA), P-JNK protein (mA) and levels of IL-1beta in serum, P-JNK protein (mA) and levels of IL-1beta in BALF. In the asthma group, HE-staining showed inflammatory cell infiltration around bronchi and mucous gland hyperplasia. TEM examination showed airway smooth muscle and collagen fiber proliferation, and widening of intercellular distance. The Wat and Wam of the asthma group were significantly higher than those of the control group, while the thickness of airway wall in the glucocorticoid intervention groups became significantly decreased. The concentrations of IL-1beta in serum and BALF of the asthma group [(81 +/- 4) ng/L, (331 +/- 15) ng/L] were significantly higher than those of the control group [(53 +/- 6) ng/L, (130 +/- 9) ng/L] (t = -8.62 and t = -24.10, both P < 0.01). Mean absorbance values (by immunohistochemistry) of P-JNK and P-c-Jun in the asthma group were significantly higher than those of the control group, and the mean absorbance values of P-JNK and P-c-Jun in the BUD and DXM groups were significantly lower than those of the asthma group, but higher than those of the control group (F = 223.59 and F = 76.53, both P < 0.01). Absorbance (by Western blot) of P-JNK in the control, asthma, BUD, and DXM groups were (1.00 +/- 0.00), (1.66 +/- 0.16), (1.18 +/- 0.12), and (1.29 +/- 0.14), respectively; that of the asthma group was significantly higher than that of the control group, while absorbance of P-JNK in the BUD and the DXM groups were significantly lower than that of the asthma group, but higher than that of the control group (F = 17.84, P < 0.05). Strong positive correlations were found between Wat or Wam and P-JNK (mA) (r = 0.700 and r = 0.769, P < 0.01, respectively, n = 48). Strong positive correlations were also found between P-JNK (mA) and concentration of IL-1beta in serum or BALF (r = 0.689 and r = 0.805, P < 0.01, respectively, n = 48). Phosphorylation of JNK is closely related to asthma airway remodeling. Glucocorticoids can inhibit phosphorylation of JNK, one mechanism of which may be down-regulation of IL-beta expression.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 03/2010; 33(3):188-92.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of Radix Astragali (RA) on the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription-4 (STAT4) and its mRNA in the bronchus of a rat model of asthma. Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, asthma group, high dosage of RA group and low dosage of RA group. In the experiment, the rat model of asthma was established by the ovalbumin (OVA) challenge methods. The lung tissue was gainedfrom the left lung, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was gained from the right lung. The eosinophils (EOS) numbers and differentiated cell numbers in BALF were counted by different counting fluids; the protein expressions of STAT4 were detected by immunohistochemistry; the mRNA expressions of STAT4 were detected by in situ hybridization. (1) In the BALF of the asthma group, the absolute numbers of EOS, the ratios of EOS to the total cell numbers (EOS%) of asthma group [(35.81 +/- 7.30) x 10(7)/L, (8. 20 +/- 1.75)%] were all significantly higher than those of the control group [(1.51 +/- 1.04) x 10(7)/L, (0.70 +/- 0.48)%] (P < 0.01); the total cell numbers in BALF, the absolute numbers of EOS and EOS% of RA groups [(14.89 +/- 2.35) x 10(7)/L, (4.70 +/- 0.82)%; (10.98 +/- 1.81) x 10(7)/L, (3.56 +/- 0.53)%] were all significantly lower than those of asthma group (P < 0.01); (2) The concentration of IL-4 in BALF of asthma group (25.70 +/- 7.36) was significantly higher than that of the control group (8.55 +/- 2.97) (P < 0.01); the concentration of IL-4 of BALF of RA groups [(31.89 +/- 5.46), (35.26 +/- 6.03)] was significantly lower than that of asthma group (P < 0.01); the concentration of IL-12 of BALF of asthma group (16.10 +/- 3.38) was significantly lower than that of the control group (42.33 +/- 9.66) (P < 0.01); the concentration of IL-12 of BALF of the RA groups [(31.89 +/- 5.46), (35.26 +/- 6.03)] was significantly higher than that of the asthma group (P < 0.01); (3) Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization showed that the protein content of STAT4 and the STAT4 mRNA expression around the bronchus of asthma group [(0.096 +/- 0.012), (0.098 +/- 0.011)] were lower than those of the control group [(0.216 +/- 0.034), (0.228 +/- 0.032)], while those of RA groups [(0.176 +/- 0.012), (0.185 +/- 0.023); (0.183 +/- 0.011), (0.201 +/- 0.019)] were all significantly higher than that of the asthma group (P < 0.01), the airway smooth muscle cells, the pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells were the chief expression cells; (4) the STAT4 and the STAT4mRNA expression around the bronchus had positive correlation with the concentration of IL-12 in BALF while had negative correlation with the concentration of IL-4, absolute numbers of EOS in BALF. RA has an inhibitory effect on airway inflammation cells infiltration such as EOS, it raises the STAT4 protein and its mRNA expression in the airway smooth muscle cells, the pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells, and the key mechanism may be that the IL-12 composition is increased.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 11/2007; 45(10):727-31.
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    ABSTRACT: To study role of external signal regulated kinase (ERK) and transforming growth factor beta(1) (TGF-beta1) in asthma airway remodeling and to explore the regulation of glucocorticoids on ERK, TGF-beta1, and airway remodeling. Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into 3 equal groups: control group; asthma group, undergoing intra-peritoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) on days 1 and 8 and inhalation of OVA every other day for 8 weeks since day 15 to establish chronic asthma models; dexamethasone (DM) intervention group, undergoing intra-peritoneal injection of DM 30 min before every inhalation instigation; and control group, receiving normal saline instead of DM. 1 - 2 hours after the last instigation the left lungs were taken out. The total bronchial wall thickness (Wat) and smooth muscle thickness (Wam) were measured by image analysis system. Phosphorylated ERK (P-ERK) was detected by immunohistochemistry. 1 - 2 hours after the last instigation blood samples were collected from the femoral artery. The concentration of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 in the serum was measured by sandwich ELISA. Rat airway epithelial cells were cultured, stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB, 1, 10, 25, or 50 microg/L), U0126 (specific inhibitor of phosphorylation of ERK), or budesonide (BUD). Western blotting was used to detect the P-ERK level. The level of TGF-beta1 in the cell culture supernatant was detected by sandwich ELISA. The Wat and Wam of the asthma group was significantly higher than those of the control group (both P < 0.01), and the Wat and Wam of the DM group were both significantly lower than those of the asthma group (both P < 0.01). The mean optical density of P-ERK and concentration of TGF-beta1 in the serum of the asthma group were 31.1 +/- 2.2 and 28.1 +/- 7.4 microg/L respectively, both significantly higher than those of the control group (12.8 +/- 2.4 and 13.6 +/- 2.7 microg/L respectively, both P < 0.01), and the mean optical density of P-ERK and concentration of TGF-beta1 in the serum of the DM group were 18.7 +/- 3.1 and 15.0 +/- 3.2 microg/L respectively, both significantly lower than those asthma group (both P < 0.01). In the PDGF-BB (25 microg/L) stimulated cells marked phosphorylation of ERK occurred 15 min later, the level of P-ERK remained high up to 8 hour later, and the maximal activation occurred at the period of 2 h - 4 h later, 6.5 +/- 0.4 times that of the control value (P < 0.01). The phosphorylation levels of ERK depended on the concentration of PDGF-BB and the maximal level phosphorylation was detected with the concentration of PDGF-BB of 50 microg/L, which was 4.1 +/- 0.3 times that of the control value (P < 0.01). U0126 and BUD inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK in the cells stimulated by PDGF-BB of the concentration of 25 microg/L. there was no difference in the level of TGF-beta1 in the cell culture supernatant among different groups. Phosphorylation of ERK and TGF-beta1 have an important role in asthma airway remodeling; PDGF-BB does not induce normal rat airway epithelial cells to product or release TGF-beta1 by phosphorylation of ERK. Glucocorticoids can inhibit phosphorylation of ERK.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 07/2007; 87(25):1767-72.
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    ABSTRACT: Airway remodeling in asthma makes treatment of asthma very difficult, and study of its pathogenesis becomes very important. The present study aimed to explore the role of external signal regulated kinase (ERK) signal transduction pathway in airway remodeling in rats asthma model and regulatory effects of glucocorticoids on ERK signal transduction pathway and airway remodeling. Totally 80 male Sprague-Dawlay rats (6-8 weeks old, weighing about 120 g) were randomly divided into control groups (30 rats), asthma groups (30 rats) and treated groups [including a group intervened with dexamethasone (DM group) and budesonide (BUD group), each had 10 rats]. The rats were sensitized for inducing asthma by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin and Al (OH)(3) and were repeatedly exposed to aerosolized ovalbumin for 4, 8, or 12 weeks [respectively called 4, 8 or 12 wk asthma group (A4, A8 or A12 group), each had 10 rats]; and correspondingly control rats were intraperitoneally injected with 0.9% NaCl, then were repeatedly exposed to 0.9% NaCl for 4, 8, or 12 weeks [respectively called 4, 8 or 12 wk control group (C4, C8 or C12 group), each had 10 rats]; DM group rats were repeatedly exposed to aerosolized ovalbumin for 8 wk, and BUD group rats for 12 wk. Total bronchial wall thickness (Wat) and smooth muscle thickness (Wam) were measured by an image analysis system. Concentrations of PDGF-AB in serum were measured by sandwich ELISA. Phospho-ERK (P-ERK) and c-Fos were detected by immunohistochemical technique; lung tissue extracts were analyzed for phosphorylation of ERK by Western blotting. Wat and Wam in all asthma groups were significantly higher than those in corresponding control groups (P < 0.01, respectively), those of the treated groups were significantly lower than asthma groups (P < 0.01). The concentrations of PDGF-AB in serum of asthma groups [(228 +/- 18) pg/ml, (293 +/- 77) pg/ml, (225 +/- 66) pg/ml for A4, A8, A12 groups, respectively] were all significantly higher than those of the control groups [(160 +/- 14) pg/ml, (165 +/- 29) pg/ml and (164 +/- 27) pg/ml for C4, C8, C12 group, respectively] (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05); the value of DM group [(157 +/- 46) pg/ml] was significantly lower than that of the group A8 (P < 0.01), no significant difference was found when the values of BUD group [(208 +/- 40) pg/ml] was compared with that of A12 group (P > 0.05). Mean absorbance values (by immunohistochemistry) of P-ERK and c-Fos in asthma groups were significantly higher than those in corresponding control groups (P < 0.01, respectively), DM group had a significantly lower value than group A8 (P < 0.01), BUD group had a significantly lower value than group A12 (P < 0.01); absorbance (by Western blot) of P-ERK in A4, A8, A12 group was significantly higher than that in C4 and C8 group, the value of DM group was significantly lower than that of group A8 (P < 0.01), and that of BUD group (1.8 +/- 0.2) was significantly lower than that of group A12 (P < 0.01). Asthmatic rats have higher concentrations of PDGF-AB in serum and phosphorylation of ERK and c-Fos; glucocorticoids inhibit phosphorylation of ERK and c-Fos in asthmatic rats, and to some extent also inhibit Wat and Wam.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 04/2007; 45(4):288-92.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of achyranthes bidentata polysaccharides(ABPS) on the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 and its mRNA in bronchus of a rat model of asthma. Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, asthma group and ABPS group. The total cell numbers, eosinophils (EOS) numbers and differentiated cell numbers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were counted by different count fluids. The concentrations of IL-4 in serum and BALF were measured by sandwich ELISA. The protein expressions of STAT6 were detected by immunohistochemistry techniques. The mRNA expressions of STAT6 were detected by hybridization in situ. (1) The total cell numbers in BALF, the absolute numbers of EOS, the ratios of eosinophils to the total cell numbers (EOS%) of asthma group were all significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.01). The total cell numbers in BALF, the absolute numbers of EOS and EOS% of ABPS group were all significantly lower than those of asthma group (P < 0.01). (2) The concentrations of IL-4 in BALF and serum of asthma group were significantly higher than those of control group (P < 0.01), while the concentrations of IL-4 in BALF and serum of ABPS group were significantly lower than those of asthma group. (3) Immunohistochemistry showed that the protein content of STAT6 around the bronchus of asthma group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.01), while that of ABPS group was significantly lower than that of asthma group , the epithelial cells were the chief expression cells; hybridization in situ showed that the mRNA expression of STAT6 around the bronchus of asthma group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.01), while that of ABPS group was significantly lower than that of asthma group , the epithelial cells were the chief expression cells. STAT6 protein and STAT6 mRNA were found strongly expressed in rat asthma model, the epithelial cells were the chief expression cells. ABPS had an inhibitory effect on airway inflammation cells infiltration such as EOS, it significantly depressed STAT6 and its mRNA expression, thus reduced the synthesis of IL-4 might be key in modulating mechanism of asthma.
    Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology 05/2006; 22(2):210-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 and its mRNA in rat asthma model and the modulatory effect of dexamethasone (DXM). Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, asthma group and DXM group. The rats in each group were sacrificed 24 h after the last challenge. In the experiment, the rat model of asthma was established by ovalbumin (OVA) challenge method. The lung tissue was taken from the left lung, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected from the right lung. The total cell numbers, eosinophils (EOS) count and differentiated cell counts in BALF were performed on different count fluids. The concentrations of IL-4 in serum and BALF were measured by using sandwich ELISA. The protein expressions of STAT6 were detected with immunohistochemical techniques. The mRNA expressions of STAT6 were detected with in situ hybridization. (1) The total cell counts in BALF, the absolute counts of EOS, and the ratios of eosinophils to the total cell numbers (EOS%) of asthma group were all significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.01). The total cell counts in BALF, the absolute counts of EOS, and EOS% of DXM group were all significantly lower than those of asthma group (P < 0.01). (2) The concentrations of IL-4 in BALF and serum of asthma group [(25.7 +/- 7.4) ng/L, (34.2 +/- 10.5) ng/L] were significantly higher than those of control group [(8.6 +/- 3.0) ng/L, (12.1 +/- 2.9) ng/L] (P < 0.01). The concentrations of IL-4 in BALF and serum of DXM group were significantly lower than those of asthma group. (3) Immunohistochemistry showed that the protein content of STAT6 around the bronchus of asthma group (0.171 +/- 0.025) was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.082 +/- 0.022) (P < 0.01), while that of DXM group (0.114 +/- 0.013) was significantly lower than that of asthma group. The epithelial cells were the cells. In situ hybridization showed that the mRNA expression of STAT6 around the bronchus of asthma group (0.180 +/- 0.013) was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.091 +/- 0.012) (P < 0.01), while that of DXM group (0.114 +/- 0.010) was significantly lower than that of asthma group. (4) There was a significant correlation between the concentration of IL-4 in BALF, the content of STAT6 and STAT6 mRNA, respectively, in the epithelial cells of bronchus. There was a significant correlation between the absolute numbers of EOS and EOS% in BALF, the content of STAT6 and STAT6 mRNA, respectively, in the epithelial cells of bronchus. STAT6 protein and STAT6 mRNA were found strongly expressed in rat asthma model and the epithelial cells were the chief expressing cells. Dexamethasone had an inhibitory effect on airway inflammatory cells infiltration. It significantly depressed STAT6 and mRNA expression. Which may be a key process in modulatory mechanism of asthma.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 08/2005; 43(7):521-5.