L L Radke

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States

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Publications (3)4.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abscess fluid supernatants have been found to inhibit microbial growth, an effect that appears to be due to a protein originating in the cytoplasm of neutrophils. The antimicrobial activity of calprotectin, the responsible protein, is reversible by the addition of zinc to the culture medium. To more carefully analyze this type of antimicrobial activity supernatants of fluids from experimental subcutaneous Candida albicans abscesses in mice were studied to determine how they affect the in vitro growth kinetics of C. albicans. The abscess fluid supernatants inhibited growth in a dose-dependent fashion and more at early times than at later ones. Instability of the abscess fluid antimicrobial activity did not appear to explain the timing of the growth inhibition. A marked lengthening of the lag phase of growth was observed in cultures containing the supernatants (from approximately 6 hr in the control cultures to 15-20 hr in those with the supernatants). On the other hand, the abscess fluid supernatants had only minimal effects on the generation times of actively proliferating C. albicans yeast cells. In addition, these supernatants did not appear to significantly affect the percentage of inoculated organisms undergoing cell division, as determined by a limiting dilution assay. Therefore, these results indicate that abscess fluid supernatants extend the lag phase of C. albicans growth, an effect similar to that seen with zinc-deprived organisms.
    Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 01/1995; 73(3):344-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Serum transferrin appears to play a role in host defense by competing with invading microorganisms for iron. The purpose of the present study was to compare this activity to a similar one recently described in abscess fluids and based on a calcium- and zinc-binding protein called calprotectin. Serum and abscess fluid supernatants were collected and pooled from groups of five to 10 C57BL/6 mice with experimental Candida albicans abscesses; serum was also collected from normal animals. In four experiments, serum was found to reduce in vitro C. albicans growth in Sabouraud glucose broth by a mean of 97.9% at 10 mg ml-1 of protein; this effect was reversed by adding 3-10 microM FeCl3, but not by similar amounts of ZnSO4. Abscess fluid supernatants had a greater effect, reducing growth by 99.9% at 1 mg ml-1 and 76.1% at 0.1 mg ml-1 of total protein; this effect was reversed by 3-10 microM ZnSO4, but not FeCl3. Although abscess fluid supernatants were effective when high inocula (10,000 yeast cells) were used, serum from the infected mice inhibited growth only with lower inocula (10-100 yeast cells). In a separate study, serum from infected mice (eight pools) reduced growth (by a range of 36 to 97%), whereas serum from normal mice (five pools) actually enhanced growth in this system (by a range of 173 to 595%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Journal of medical and veterinary mycology: bi-monthly publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology 02/1994; 32(4):295-301.
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    ABSTRACT: A murine model of subcutaneous Candida albicans infections was used to evaluate host defenses against inocula of from 10(1) to 10(8) yeast cells. In these experiments, small inocula did not produce abscesses that drained to the skin surface, whereas larger ones did. Also, small numbers of organisms often remained at the infected sites for up to 21 days after inoculation with either small or large numbers of organisms. The data from these studies suggest that the in vivo candidacidal mechanisms in these infections are relatively inefficient and that they therefore may require some additional mechanism to control proliferation of the remaining organisms.
    Infection and Immunity 10/1992; 60(9):3940-2. · 4.07 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

19 Citations
4.07 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994–1995
    • Medical College of Wisconsin
      • Department of Medicine
      Milwaukee, WI, United States