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ABSTRACT: To determine whether pulmonary vascular bed contributes to the development of in situ thrombosis and vascular remodelling in secondary pulmonary hypertension (SPH) via changes in its local secretory activities.
Seventy-one patients with the diagnosis of secondary pulmonary hypertension (38 females, mean age 40.36+/-1.05 years) were included in the study. Selective right and left heart catheterization was performed to each patient for diagnostic purposes. Blood samples obtained from left ventricle (LV) and pulmonary artery (PA) of each patient were analyzed for levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), D-dimer, von Willebrand factor (vWF), protein-C, antithrombin-III, fibrinogen, and plasminogen. Results were compared between LV and PA. Correlation analysis between each parameter and mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) was performed.
Although mean level of VEGF in LV and PA were found to be in normal range, it was significantly higher in LV than in PA (p<0.001). Mean PDGF and D-dimer levels, which remained in normal range were also higher in LV (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively) than in PA;.vWF showed similar degree of elevation in both LV and PA. Only one parameter, PAI-1, was found to be significantly higher in PA than in LV (p=0.012). Antithrombin-III, protein C, plasminogen, and fibrinogen levels showed no significant differences between two chambers. They also remained in normal range, except for fibrinogen, which was slightly elevated in both LV and PA. Correlation analysis revealed strong positive correlation between D-dimer level in both LV and PA and MPAP (r=0.775, p<0.001 and r=0.649, p<0.001, respectively).
In SPH, pulmonary vascular bed shows increased thrombotic, hypofibrinolytic, and proliferative activities, which are partially related to the severity of illness.
Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 07/2005; 5(2):95-100. · 0.76 Impact Factor