[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is controversial whether the ClC-3 protein, which is one of the voltage-dependent chloride channel ClC family members, is a candidate for the volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying (VSOR) Cl(-) channel per se or its regulator. Here, for the first time, we examined the single-channel properties of the VSOR Cl(-) channel in ventricular myocytes isolated from ClC-3-deficient mice. The single-channel current induced by cell swelling exhibited Cl(-) selectivity, mild outward rectification, and an intermediate unitary conductance (around 38 pS). A Cl(-) channel blocker, 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS), reversibly inhibited the outward current. These single-channel properties were identical with those in ClC-3 expressing wild-type ventricular myocytes. These results indicate that the single-channel activity of the VSOR Cl(-) channel is independent of the expression of ClC-3 proteins in mouse ventricular myocytes.
The Japanese Journal of Physiology 01/2006; 55(6):379-83. DOI:10.2170/jjphysiol.S655 · 1.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been shown that Cl-/HCO3- exchangers and Cl- channels, both of which are sensitive to stilbene derivatives, have essential roles in the mechanism of apoptosis induction. Staurosporine-induced apoptosis in neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes was prevented by a stilbene derivative, DIDS. To clarify whether Cl-/HCO3- exchangers or Cl- channels are targets of DIDS and whether ClC-3 is involved in the apoptotic process, staurosporine-induced reduction of cell viability, DNA laddering and caspase-3 activation were examined in cultured mouse ventricular myocytes derived from wild-type and ClC-3-deficient mice. Staurosporine-induced apoptosis and its DIDS sensitivity in ambient HCO3(-)-free conditions in which operation of Cl-/HCO3- exchangers is minimized were indistinguishable from when HCO3- was present. Apoptosis was also prevented by application of a non-stilbene-derivative Cl- channel blocker, NPPB, which cannot block Cl-/HCO3- exchangers. Cardiomyocytes derived from ClC-3-deficient mice similarly underwent apoptosis after exposure to staurosporine; moreover, apoptosis was prevented by application of DIDS or NPPB. Thus, we conclude that in cardiomyocytes, apoptosis is critically dependent on operation not of Cl-/HCO3- exchangers but of Cl- channels which are distinct from ClC-3.