[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Trellis Peripheral Infusion System is an over-the-wire 0.035" guidewire compatible device, designed to isolate a region of the peripheral vasculature to allow for lytic drug infusion and dispersion. We used it successfully through a percutaneous approach in two cases of acute thrombosis of a native lower limb artery. The total amount of rt-PA used was 12 and 9 mg, respectively and was delivered through bolus injections obviating the need for a supplementary continuous infusion of the agent. The time for dissolution of thrombus was 45 and 35 minutes, respectively. No complications were observed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the potential benefits from heating recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) before catheter-directed thrombolysis in patients with lower-limb ischemia of <30 days' duration.
Over a 2-year period, 34 patients (26 men; mean age 63.5 years, range 39-80) with 10 iliac and 24 infrainguinal arterial occlusions (5 embolic and 29 thrombotic) were treated with two 5-mg boluses of rtPA injected into the proximal clot, followed by 2 additional 5-mg boluses of rtPA. In the first 18 patients (group A), room temperature rtPA was administered, whereas in the last 16 patients (group B), the rtPA boluses were heated to 38 degrees C for 30 minutes before injection. Residual thrombus was treated with a continuous infusion of 2.5 mg/h of rtPA for 4 hours then at a reduced dose (1 mg/h).
Successful thrombolysis was achieved in 28 (82%) arteries. Unmasked lesions were treated with balloon angioplasty/stenting in 17 cases and with surgery in 4. One fatal retroperitoneal hematoma occurred in group A. Heating the rtPA did not significantly alter the outcome of thrombolysis. However, a statistically significant reduction in the total rtPA dose was observed in group B (24.28 mg versus 27.9 mg in group A, p=0.05), as well as quicker lysis (2 hours, 42 minutes versus 6 hours, 12 minutes in group A, p=0.001). There was no statistical difference in the amputation-free survival at 30 days between the groups.
In patients with acute or subacute lower limb ischemia treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis, heating the rtPA results in faster lysis with a considerable reduction in the total dose of the lytic agent.