ABSTRACT: The effects of diabetes mellitus during cooling on ACh- and KCl-induced responses were investigated in rat urinary bladder. Diabetes was induced in the rats by 50 mg/kg streptozotocin via an intraperitoneal injection. Rats' body and bladder weights were measured. The isometric tension to ACh (10(-9) - 3 × 10(-4) M) and KCl (5-100 mM) in strips of urinary detrusor muscle of diabetic and non-diabetic rats, in organ baths at 37 and 28ºC were recorded. The body weights were significantly decreased and the bladder weights increased in STZ-induced diabetic group compared to the non-diabetic group. ACh and KCl caused concentration-dependent contractions of urinary bladders from non-diabetic and STZ-induced diabetic rats. During cooling, the sensitivity and the maximal response were significantly higher than those during 37ºC, both in non-diabetic and diabetic preparations. Cooling of detrusor muscle preparations induces a graded contraction inversely proportional to the temperature in diabetic rats. It may be assumed that the cooling response involves the same mechanisms in the diabetic and non-diabetic animals.
Journal of smooth muscle research = Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai kikanshi. 01/2010; 46(4):175-83.
ABSTRACT: In the present work we studied the responses of human saphenous vein to H2O2 and effects of moderate cooling on these responses with analysis of the role of endothelium. H2O2 (10(-7)-10(-2) M) induced concentration-dependent contraction in the intact human saphenous vein strips at both temperatures. At 28 degrees C, the maximal contraction induced by H2O2 was significantly lower than that at 37 degrees C. Compared with intact strips, the sensitivity and the maximal contraction to H2O2 were significantly enhanced in endothelium-denuded strips at 37 and 28 degrees C. However, pD2 values and maximal contractions were not significantly different in endothelium-denuded strips at different temperatures. Pretreatment with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) increased significantly the maximal contraction and sensitivity to H2O2 at 37 and 28 degrees C. The contractions increased by L-NAME were restored by the pre-incubation of l-arginine (10(-3) M) at every temperature studied. The contractile responses of intact human saphenous veins to H2O2 were reduced significantly by 10(-5) M indomethacin at both temperatures. Our results suggest that H2O2-induced contraction of human saphenous vein are mediated by its direct effect on the smooth muscle and by the generation of products of the cyclooxygenase pathway from the endothelium. Signalling pathways of these contractile effects are the same at 37 and 28 degrees C. Under normal temperature conditions, the contraction to H2O2 is possibly modulated by endothelial nitric oxide. Cooling reduces the contraction to H2O2 by increasing release of nitric oxide.
Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology 07/2005; 19(3):341-6. · 1.80 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To determine the myocardial and vascular effects of remifentanil and fentanyl in human atria and saphenous veins.
In vitro, prospective with repeated measures.
University research laboratory.
The direct effects of remifentanil and fentanyl on the electrical stimulation-induced contraction of nonfailing human atrium and saphenous veins contracted with 5-hydroxytryptamine were studied.
In human atrial trabeculae, cumulative (10(-9)-10(-5) mol/L) added remifentanil had no effect on contractile force, compared with untreated muscles (p > 0.05). The force of contraction was significantly less than control values with concentrations of fentanyl ranging from 10(-8) to 10(-5) mol/L (p < 0.05). At the highest concentration (10(-5) mol/L), the inhibition by fentanyl of the electrical stimulation-induced contraction was 40.6% +/- 6.32%. In human saphenous vein strips preconstricted with 5-hydroxytryptamine, remifentanil (10(-8)-10(-5) mol/L) and fentanyl (10(-8)-10(-5) mol/L) produced "concentration-dependent" relaxation when compared with the control contraction value (p < 0.05). The IC(50) was similar with remifentanil and fentanyl and the E(max) of fentanyl was significantly higher than remifentanil (p < 0.05). The venodilatory effects of remifentanil and fentanyl were similar on veins with or without endothelium (p > 0.05).
Remifentanil has no direct effect on the contraction of myocardium. Fentanyl inhibits the electrical stimulation-induced contraction in human right atrial muscles in vitro. Remifentanil and fentanyl produce "concentration-dependent" relaxation in human saphenous vein strips independent from the endothelium.
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 09/2003; 17(4):465-9. · 1.64 Impact Factor