K Kinoshita

Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan

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Publications (95)206.58 Total impact

  • Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology 01/1999; 20(4):A28. DOI:10.1097/00042560-199904010-00101
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    ABSTRACT: Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), induced by human T- lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I), is endemic in Nagasaki, Japan. To investigate the effects of atomic-bomb radiation on development of this specific type of leukemia, 6182 individuals in the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) Adult Health Study sample in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were examined for positive rate of HTLV-I antibody. Several lymphocyte parameters were also studied for 70 antibody- positive subjects in Nagasaki. The HTLV-I antibody-positive rate was higher in Nagasaki (6.36%) than in Hiroshima (0.79%) and significantly increased with increasing age, but no association was observed with radiation dose. Whether relationship existed between antibody titer levels and radiation dose among antibody-positive subjects was not The frequency of abnormal lymphocytes tended to be higher in antibody-positive subjects than in antibody-negative subjects, and higher in females than in males regardless of radiation dose. The lymphocyte count was lower in antibody-positive subjects than in antibody-negative subjects and lower in female than in male subjects. No evidence was found to suggest that atomic-bomb radiation plays an important role in HTLV-I infection.
    Journal of Radiation Research 04/1995; 36(1):8-16. DOI:10.1269/jrr.36.8 · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To characterize the prodromal phase of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), a prospective follow-up study was conducted on 50 carriers in a putative pre-ATL state. This state was defined by the presence of molecularly-detectable monoclonal proliferation of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected T lymphocytes, and the absence of clinical symptoms of leukemia. The median observation time was 50 months. The pre-ATL subjects were divided into two groups according to initial white blood cell (WBC) counts: group A, those with a normal WBC count (9,000/microL) (n = 30), and group B, those with an increased WBC count (9,000 to 15,000) (n = 20). Comparisons were made between the two groups and with a group of 25 patients with chronic ATL (group C) who had WBC counts of more than 15,000. Significant differences in survival rate were found between groups A and B (10-year survival 65.7%) and group C (32.8%) (P < .01), and between group A (10-year survival 90.0%) and group B (52.1%) (P < .05). The incidence of transformation to overt ATL was 10% (3 of 30) in group A and 50% (10 of 20) in group B (P < .01). In six transformed cases (one in A and five in B) we found exactly the same integration sites in pre-ATL and overt ATL phases, confirming the multistep leukemogenesis hypothesized for this disease. However, the pre-ATL subjects could be divided into two distinct prognostic groups based on the initial WBC count; those with good and those with poor prognosis. Although the 10% transformation rate (2.5% annually) in group A seemed to be extremely high compared with that in the general population of HTLV-I carriers (around 0.06% to 0.4% annually), the majority of group A subjects and some in group B showed stable clinical courses without transformation. Further, development of ATL was not observed in four group A subjects with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM), which is rarely associated with ATL. We propose to call this group of rather benign HTLV-I carriers "HTLV-I carriers with monoclonal proliferation of T lymphocytes (HCMPT)." Thus far we have been unable to identify reliable parameters other than WBC counts that prospectively distinguish HCMPT from the true pre-ATL state, in which there is a high probability of developing ATL. Further clinical and biologic approaches should elucidate the natural history of the HTLV-I carrier state and early events in ATL leukemogenesis.
    Blood 10/1993; 82(7):2017-24. · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim was to investigate the effects of a calcium antagonist (diltiazem) and a catecholamine (noradrenaline) on extracellular potassium accumulation during global ischaemia. Extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]e) was measured during 30 min global ischaemia in the isolated rat heart using a valinomycin potassium sensitive electrode. Contracture development during ischaemia was measured throughout with an intraventricular balloon inserted into the left ventricle and myocardial adenine nucleotides were measured in separate series of hearts. In control hearts, [K+]e showed a characteristic triphasic change during 30 min global ischaemia. This consisted of an early rising phase followed by a transient falling phase after the initial peak of [K+]e, and then a late rising phase. Diltiazem suppressed the rate of rise of [K+]e during early ischaemia, but extended the time course of the early [K+]e rise with the higher dose, abolishing the transient falling phase of [K+]e. During late ischaemia, the rise in [K+]e was attenuated by diltiazem. Noradrenaline also suppressed the early extracellular potassium accumulation, but in contrast to diltiazem, hastened the time course of the late [K+]e rise. Although diltiazem suppresses the early potassium loss during ischaemia as previously described, the drug also decreases the [K+]e fall by some as yet unknown mechanism, so that the [K+]e level becomes higher than control during the falling phase.
    Cardiovascular Research 12/1992; 26(11):1040-5. DOI:10.1093/cvr/26.11.1040 · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From February 1975 through October 1981, 256 Hancock porcine bioprostheses (Johnson & Johnson Cardiovascular, King of Prussia, Pa.) (60 aortic, 169 mitral, and 27 pulmonary/tricuspid position) were implanted in 220 patients (104 male and 116 female, aged 9 to 67 years; mean 43.3) at Kyushu University Hospital in Japan. The procedures include 41 aortic valve replacements, 121 mitral valve replacements, 4 pulmonary valve replacements, 6 tricuspid valve replacements, and 48 combined valve replacements (31 aortic plus mitral, 13 mitral plus tricuspid, and 4 aortic plus mitral plus tricuspid). Hospital mortality was 6.4%. Follow-up was 98% during 8 to 14 (mean 10.5) years. Cumulative follow-up was 1836 patient-years and 2078 valve-years. At 10 years the overall actuarial survival rate, including hospital morality, was 70% +/- 3%, and freedom from valve-related mortality with sudden death was 87% +/- 3%. More than half of the current survivors required no anticoagulant therapy. Freedom from thromboembolism or anticoagulant-related hemorrhage (or both) and prosthetic valve endocarditis was common. Freedom from structural valve failure and reoperation declined more than 9 years after replacement of left-sided heart valves but not after replacement of right-sided heart valves. Sixty-seven patients underwent 68 repeat operations, and there were four deaths (5.9%). The rate of freedom from overall valve-related complications at 10 years was 62% +/- 8% for aortic valve replacement, 53% +/- 5% for mitral valve replacement, 80% +/- 13% for pulmonary/tricuspid valve replacement, and 42% +/- 9% for combined valve replacement. There was a significant difference between pulmonary/tricuspid valve replacement and combined valve replacement (p less than 0.05). The Hancock bioprosthesis is suitable for the replacement of valves in the right side of the heart but not for combined valve replacement.
    Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 08/1992; 104(1):5-13. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the underlying mechanisms of ventricular fibrillation induced by myocardial reperfusion after cardioplegic arrest, 62 patients undergoing an open heart operation were divided into two groups based on the absence (group 1, n = 37) or the development (group 2, n = 25) of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation. There was no close relationship between the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation and aortic clamp time. On reperfusion, the time to onset of cardiac activity was similar in groups 1 (2.4 +/- 1.8 minutes) and 2 (1.9 +/- 1.1 minutes). At that time, there was no significant difference in values of arterial oxygen and bicarbonate contents, pH, or base excess between the two groups, but myocardial temperature was significantly higher in group 2 (25.6 degrees +/- 3.4 degrees versus 27.6 degrees +/- 2.4 degrees C; p less than 0.05). In addition, serum levels of sodium (123.9 +/- 4.2 versus 126.1 +/- 3.7 mmol/L; p less than 0.05) and calcium (0.80 +/- 0.07 versus 0.84 +/- 0.05 mmol/L; p less than 0.05) were significantly higher and serum potassium levels (3.98 +/- 0.58 versus 3.55 +/- 0.61 mmol/L; p less than 0.02) and the serum potassium to calcium ratio (4.94 +/- 0.90 versus 4.29 +/- 0.72; p less than 0.01) significantly lower in group 2. Postoperative serum levels of the myocardial-specific isoenzyme of creatine kinase and myoglobin were similar in both groups. By multivariate analysis, shorter ischemic time, higher myocardial temperature, higher serum sodium concentration, and lower serum potassium to calcium ratio were found to influence induction of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 07/1992; 53(6):999-1005. DOI:10.1016/0003-4975(92)90374-D · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Newly devised protractor rings that can equally partition a prosthetic valve sewing ring into 10-20 acrs have been used on 46 patients who underwent 59 aortic, mitral, and/or tricuspid valve replacement. After an appropriate number of interrupted mattress sutures were placed along the host annulus, one of the 11 protractor rings was chosen and used to copy the partition onto the sewing ring with a tissue pen. The interrupted mattress sutures kept on a suture holder were then passed through the prosthetic sewing ring directly from one end to the other. Based on ex vivo experiments in simulating valve replacement, it was evident that time required for placing sutures around the sewing ring was significantly shortened by the use of such protractor rings. The use of these protractor rings may thus be useful in decreasing valve replacement time as well as in potentially simplifying operative procedures.
    Artificial Organs 01/1992; 15(6):503-6. · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • 01/1992; 21(2):159-163. DOI:10.4326/jjcvs.21.159
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative complications of Bentall operation for the annuloaortic ectasia have frequently occurred, although the mortality has been reduced. To reduce complications after Bentall operation we have taken three major treatments since 1987. The first was reimplantation technique of coronary ostia in replacing the ascending aorta and the aortic valve with a tube graft. The second was the infusion technique of cardioplegic solution such as retrograde cardioplegia infusion. The third method was to save blood and reduce the blood transfusion by preserving autoblood preoperatively and using cell saving machine. The purpose of this study was to analyse 20 patients who underwent the Bentall procedure and to investigate the effect of our treatments in Bentall operation on the operative results. We divided our patients into two groups. Fourteen patients in the group 1 were operated before 1987, when our principles were not performed. Six patients in group II were operated under the principles mentioned above. There were no differences in cardiopulmonary bypass time and ischemic time between group I and II. Transfused blood volume in group II was remarkably less than that of group I. Postoperative complications occurred in all patients in group I (100%), while three patients in group II (50%) had complications (p less than 0.05). We, hence, conclude that our method could be useful for reducing postoperative complication rate in Bentall operation.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 01/1992; 44(13):1141-5.
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    ABSTRACT: We examined influences of a blocker (glibenclamide) and an opener (nicorandil) of the ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel on extracellular K concentration [( K+]e), as well as the myocardial function and metabolites during global ischemia and reperfusion in Langendorff-perfused rat heart preparation. In control hearts, [K+]e began to rise 20 s after the onset of ischemia up to an initial peak (8.3 +/- 0.3 mM) at 2.5 +/- 0.7 min, then fell to 6.0 +/- 0.8 mM after 8.2 +/- 0.7 min, and then rose progressively to 14.6 +/- 0.8 mM at the end of 30 min of ischemia. Glibenclamide (50 microM) reduced the initial peak of [K+]e to 7.2 +/- 0.3 mM (P less than 0.01), and nicorandil (200 microM) increased it to 9.4 +/- 0.6 mM (P less than 0.01). There were no significant differences in [K+]e values among all groups at the end of ischemia. During ischemia, nicorandil decreased the time to mechanical arrest from 1.9 +/- 0.1 min to 1.5 +/- 0.1 min, whereas it was increased by glibenclamide to 2.7 +/- 0.4 min. In control hearts, the time to onset of ischemic contracture was 14.7 +/- 1.8 min. Nicorandil delayed onset of contracture and glibenclamide accelerated it. Thus we have confirmed that some part of the early increase in [K+]e during ischemia is attributable to K+ efflux through the KATP channel in our model, and opening of the KATP channel may contribute to a rapid reduction of the contractility of the ischemic myocardium that subsequently protects the myocardium against further ischemic injury.
    The American journal of physiology 01/1992; 261(6 Pt 2):H1864-71. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Five patients developed coronary artery spasm during open heart surgery in our institute between 1984 and 1988. One patient was undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and the other four valvular surgery or surgery for congenital heart disease. In one of the patients undergoing non-coronary surgery, the preoperative induction of right coronary artery spasm by ergonovine had been documented angiographically while the remaining three patients did not possess organic or functional coronary disease. All five patients exhibited a sudden onset of hemodynamic collapse with ventricular tachyarrhythmias or ST elevation during the early period of reperfusion, the time to onset being 89.2 +/- 84.8 minutes after unclamping of the aorta. In addition, contraction of the right ventricular free wall was severely impaired. Although one patient died due to left ventricular rupture caused by direct cardiac massage, the early mortality thus being 20 per cent, the other four were successfully treated with the intravenous administration of nitroglycerin and diltiazem. Three patients required the assistance of intraaortic balloon pumping for severe cardiac failure. Thus, during open heart surgery, coronary artery spasm can occur even in patients without organic coronary lesions and the possible mechanisms of this condition are discussed herein.
    The Japanese Journal of Surgery 08/1991; 21(4):395-401.
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, it has been recognized in Japan that informed consent is indispensable to make decisions for medical treatment, although it had been already confirmed in western countries for several decades of years. However, there may be some differences in the content of informed consent between Japan and western countries. We discussed the problems of informed consent in Japan concerning the choice of prosthetic valve, mechanical prosthesis or bioprosthesis, in patients to be undergone valve replacement. We conclude that informed consent should be the humane relationship between therapists and a patient.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 08/1991; 44(7):567-8.
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    ABSTRACT: We performed cytogenetic studies and breakpoint cluster region (bcr) rearrangement analysis in two cases of juvenile chronic myeloid leukemia (JCML) which is special type of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Case 1 (8-month-old male) and case 2 (3-month-old female) showed clinical and hematologic manifestations similar to CML. Each of case 1 and 2 had normal karyotype and no bcr rearrangement. These findings suggest that JCML is a different heterogeneous disorder from that of adult CML.
    [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology 07/1991; 32(6):690-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Five patients developed coronary artery spasm during open heart surgery in our institute between 1984 and 1988. One patient was undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and the other four valvular surgery or surgery for congenital heart disease. In one of the patients undergoing non-coronary surgery, the preoperative induction of right coronary artery spasm by ergonovine had been documented angiographically while the remaining three patients did not possess organic or functional coronary disease. All five patients exhibited a sudden onset of hemodynamic collapse with ventricular tachyarrhythmias or ST elevation during the early period of reperfusion, the time to onset being 89.2±84.8 minutes after unclamping of the aorta. In addition, contraction of the right ventricular free wall was severely impaired. Although one patient died due to left ventricular rupture caused by direct cardiac massage, the early mortality thus being 20 per cent, the other four were successfully treated with the intravenous administration of nitroglycerin and diltiazem. Three patients required the assistance of intraaortic balloon pumping for severe cardiac failure. Thus, during open heart surgery, coronary artery spasm can occur even in patients without organic coronary lesions and the possible mechanisms of this condition are discussed herein.
    Surgery Today 07/1991; 21(4):395-401. DOI:10.1007/BF02470967 · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    K Kinoshita, Y Tsuruhara, K Tokunaga
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative changes in serum myoglobin levels have been studied in 47 patients undergoing open heart surgery. The patients were retrospectively divided into two groups according to the time to peak myoglobin level during reperfusion. In 38 patients, myoglobin levels increased rapidly to a peak within 3 hours after reperfusion, after which it was cleared from the blood (group 1). Contrarily, a rise in myoglobin levels was persistent for 24 hours and its time to peak was greater than 3 hours after reperfusion in nine patients (group 2). There were no differences in preoperative and early reperfusion (within 1 hour of reperfusion) values of myoglobin between the two groups. At 3, 6, and 12 hours of reperfusion, myoglobin levels were significantly greater in group 2: 448 +/- 196 vs 1,149 +/- 900 ng/ml, 359 +/- 172 vs 2,653 +/- 3,179 ng/ml, 184 +/- 95 vs 1,896 +/- 1,387 ng/ml, respectively, p less than 0.0001 in each. The maximum activities of both myoglobin and CK-MB were significantly higher in group 2 (myoglobin-max: 771 +/- 257 vs 3,221 +/- 3,024 ng/ml, p less than 0.0001; CK-MBmax: 107 +/- 60 vs 227 +/- 219 IU/L, p less than 0.005). Five of nine patients in group 2 required post-operative assistance with intra-aortic balloon pumping (p less than 0.0005 compared with one of 38 in group 1) and perioperative myocardial infarction developed in three patients (33.3 percent) in this group (p less than 0.005 compared with 0 percent in group 1). Thus, patients with a delayed peak of serum myoglobin level exhibited detrimental cardiac failure postoperatively. These findings suggest that myocardial injury accelerated by reperfusion following ischemia might progress in these patients.
    Chest 07/1991; 99(6):1398-402. DOI:10.1378/chest.99.6.1398 · 7.13 Impact Factor
  • K Kinoshita, M Oe, K Tokunaga
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    ABSTRACT: The protective effect of low-calcium, magnesium-free potassium cardioplegic solution on ischemic myocardium has been assessed in adult patients undergoing heart operations. Postreperfusion recovery of cardiac function and electrical activity was evaluated in 34 patients; 16 received low-calcium, magnesium-free potassium cardioplegic solution (group I) and 18 received St. Thomas' Hospital solution, which is enriched with calcium and magnesium (group II). There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, sex, body weight, and New York Heart Association functional class. Aortic occlusion time (107.3 +/- 46.8 minutes versus 113.6 +/- 44.3 minutes), highest myocardial temperature during elective global ischemia (11.5 degrees C +/- 3.1 degrees C versus 9.3 degrees C +/- 3.2 degrees C), and total volume of cardioplegic solution (44.2 +/- 20.5 ml/kg versus 43.4 +/- 17.6 ml/kg) were also similar in the two groups. On reperfusion, electrical defibrillation was required in four cases (25.5%) in group I and in 15 cases (83.3%) in group II (p less than 0.005), and bradyarrhythmias were significantly more prevalent in group II (6.3% versus 44.4%; p less than 0.05). Serum creatine kinase MB activity at 15 minutes of reperfusion (12.3 +/- 17.0 IU/L versus 42.6 +/- 46.1 IU/L; p less than 0.05) and the dose of dopamine or dobutamine required during the early phase of reperfusion (1.8 +/- 2.5 micrograms/kg/min versus 6.1 +/- 3.3 micrograms/kg/min; p less than 0.0002) were both significantly greater in group II. Postischemic left ventricular function, as assessed by percent recovery of the left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relationship in patients who underwent aortic valve replacement alone, was significantly better in group I (160.4% +/- 45.5% versus 47.8% +/- 12.9%; p less than 0.05). Serum level of calcium and magnesium ions was significantly lower in group I. Thus low-calcium, magnesium-free potassium cardioplegic solution provided excellent protection of the ischemic heart, whereas St. Thomas' Hospital solution with calcium and magnesium enabled relatively poor functional and electrical recovery of the heart during the early reperfusion period. These results might be related to differing levels of extracellular calcium and magnesium on reperfusion.
    Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 05/1991; 101(4):695-702. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The patient was a 67-year-old female, complaining of cyanosis, clubbed finger and anoxic spell-like symptom. She was diagnosed as pulmonary arteriovenous fistula combined with mitral regurgitation. The fistula was giant and multiple, and was located in the right middle-lower lobe. Right to left shunt ratio was 27%, SO2 was 58.2%, %VC was 60%, mean pulmonary arterial pressure was 19 mmHg. Mitral regurgitation was mild (II). Ligation of the middle-lower branch of right pulmonary artery and the right lower pulmonary vein was performed through a median sternotomy. All of her symptom improved.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 03/1991; 44(2):180-2.
  • M Ichimaru, S Ikeda, K Kinoshita, S Hino, Y Tsuji
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    ABSTRACT: Transmission of HTLV-I via mother's milk has been confirmed by epidemiological studies and by animal experiments using carrier mother's milk and a marmoset. The prevalence rates of HTLV-I carriers in children born of carrier mothers in endemic areas and ATL families were higher than in three control groups of young people. Also, the prevalence rates of carrier mothers who were traced from previously identified carrier children in three groups (two endemic areas and ATL family members) were extremely high. When HTLV-I antigen-positive lymphocytes were detected in carrier mother's milk, the child infection rate was higher than in the cases where antigen-positive cells could not be detected in mother's milk. The number of infected cells present in carrier mother's milk was calculated and the volume of milk given to the baby from delivery to weaning was estimated. Then, an equivalent amount of carrier mother's milk was inoculated into a marmoset orally and this marmoset seroconverted 2.5 months after the inoculation. A campaign to stop carrier mothers from giving their breast milk to their babies has been started in Nagasaki. So far, this trial has been shown to be successful in the prevention of mother-to-child infection.
    Cancer Detection and Prevention 02/1991; 15(3):177-81. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We tested for antibodies to hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human T lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I) in 629 normal inhabitants of an adult T cell leukemia (ATL) endemic area and in patients with ATL, HTLV-I associated myelopathy (HAM), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from the same district. The prevalence of serological positivity for each virus was 28.0, 6.4, and 32.6%, respectively, among the 629 inhabitants. There was a positive association between the presence of anti-HCV and serological HTLV-I positive or negative status of these subjects (9.3% vs 5.0%). Conversely, there was no correlation between HBV and HTLV-I serologic prevalence. Only inhabitants positive for anti-HCV showed significantly high serum aminotransferase levels. The levels were not affected by superimposed HTLV-I infection among anti-HCV positives. Fifty three percent of HCC patients were positive for anti-HCV; 35% of whom were simultaneously positive for antibody to HTLV-I. On the other hand, only 2 ATL patients (4.2%) and 2 HAM patients (7.7%) had anti-HCV. These findings suggest that high serum aminotransferase levels are mainly caused by HCV infection and persons with HCV and HTLV-I double infections are at a high risk for the development of HCC but not ATL or HAM.
    Japanese journal of medicine 01/1991; 30(6):492-7. DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine1962.30.492
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    ABSTRACT: Since 1957, 30 patients with constrictive pericarditis have been treated surgically in Kyushu University Hospital. The surgical approaches were the left anterolateral thoracotomy in 17 patients (group I); the median sternotomy without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in 6 patients (group II); and the median sternotomy with CPB in 7 patients (group III). The hospital mortality was 3.3 percent. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 11.7 years (longest 30 years). The actuarial survival rate at 5 years postoperatively was 88% in total cases (100% in group I, 82% in group II and 52% in group III), 88% at 10 years, 75% at 15 years and 67% at 20 years. Several patients in group III, who underwent complete pericardiectomy using CPB showed severe congestive heart failure and arrhythmia postoperatively. The comparative study between an poor result group (patients who died within 10 years post-operatively) and a good result group (patients who survived more than 10 years postoperatively revealed that preoperative hepatomegaly, atrial fibrillation and the interval between the onset of symptoms and the pericardiectomy influenced the survival rate significantly. These results suggested that pericardiectomy using CPB was a safe method for removing the calcified pericardium in the patient with severe constrictive pericarditis. However, a careful long term follow-up was necessary for the patient with severe myocardial damage even though the complete pericardiectomy was performed.
    [Zasshi] [Journal]. Nihon Kyōbu Geka Gakkai 08/1990; 38(7):1163-7.