[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microfilaments (actin filaments) regulate various dynamic events during meiotic maturation. Relatively, little is known about the regulation of microfilament organization in mammalian oocytes. Proline-rich tyrosine kinase2 (Pyk2), a protein tyrosine kinase related to focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is essential in actin filaments organization. The present study was to examine the expression and localization of Pyk2, and in particular, its function during rat oocyte maturation. For the first time, by using Western blot and confocal laser scanning microscopy, we detected the expression of Pyk2 in rat oocytes and found that Pyk2 and Try402 phospho-Pyk2 were localized uniformly at the cell cortex and surrounded the germinal vesicle (GV) or the condensed chromosomes at the GV stage or after GV breakdown. At the metaphase and the beginning of anaphase, Pyk2 distributed asymmetrically both in the ooplasm and the cortex with a marked staining associated with the chromosomes and the region overlying the meiotic spindle. At telophase, Pyk2 was observed in the cleavage furrows in addition to its cortex and cytoplasm localization. The dynamics of Pyk2 were similar to that of F-actin, and this kinase was found to co-localize with microfilaments in several developmental stages during rat oocyte maturation. Microinjection of Pyk2 antibody demolished the microfilaments assembly and also inhibited the first polar body (PB1) emission. These findings suggest an important role of Pyk2 for rat oocyte maturation by regulating the organization of actin filaments.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Src family kinase (SFK) is important in normal cell cycle control. However, its role in meiotic maturation in mammalian has not been examined. We used confocal microscope immunofluorescence to examine the in vitro dynamics of the subcellular distribution of SFK during the mouse oocyte meiotic maturation and further evaluated the functions of SFK via biochemical analysis using a specific SFK pharmacological inhibitor, PP(2). Our results showed that nonphospho-SFK was absent in oocyte upon its release from follicle. Nonphospho-SFK appeared in cytoplasm 0.5 hr after the release of oocyte and translocated to germinal vesicle (GV) before germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD). After GVBD, nonphospho-SFK colocated with condensed chromosomes. In occyte at metaphase I (MI) and telophase I, nonphospho-SFK accumulated in the cortex and the cleavage furrow respectively besides its existence in cytoplasm in both stages. In oocyte at metaphase II (MII), nonphospho-SFK concentrated at the aligned chromosomes. In contrast, phospho-SFK was absent in oocyte until 1 hr after its release from the follicle. Phospho-SFK accumulated in the GV, the cortex, and cytoplasm immediately prior to GVBD. After GVBD, phospho-SFK evenly distributed in oocyte. In oocyte at MII, phospho-SFK localized throughout the cytoplasm and under the egg member. When the SFK activity was inhibited, the oocyte failed to initiate GVBD, could not go into MII, and could not extrude the first polar body. Our results demonstrated that SFK is required for meiotic maturation in mouse oocyte.
Molecular Reproduction and Development 01/2007; 74(1):125-30. DOI:10.1002/mrd.20613 · 2.53 Impact Factor