Kaytan V Amrute

North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (9)6.6 Total impact

  • Source
    Kaytan V Amrute, Gopal H Badlani
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    ABSTRACT: Female stress urinary incontinence, while not life threatening, can present with various social and economic implications. Biomaterials, primarily synthetic, are often utilized to augment surgical correction. Repair with biomaterials involves midurethral support to function against weakened connective tissue caused by injury, abnormal collagen metabolism, or genetic predisposition. Even though efficacy rates are high, the potential for complications, such as erosion, are great without comprehension of inherent characteristics of each graft material. Low-weight, macroporous, monofilament synthetic grafts and noncross-linked biologic grafts are examples of biomaterials that implant reasonably well with host tissue. This paper reviews the justification for biomaterial use, host reaction, and the various parameters of natural and synthetic grafts.
    The Scientific World Journal 02/2009; 9:23-31. · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • Kaytan V. Amrute, Gopal H. Badlani
    12/2008: pages 313-328;
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    ABSTRACT: Although it is suggested that in the United States overactive bladder affects one out of six individuals, this estimation may represent a subset of the population. Using a Pubmed literature search, many studies do not address those in a lower socioeconomic strata and the prevalence of overactive bladder may be higher. Overactive bladder symptoms may be under-reported in this population due to social stigma, lack of education or inaccessibility to medical care. This paper proposes to perform an epidemiological study incorporating validated incontinence questionnaires to assess the prevalence of overactive bladder symptoms among Indian women.
    Indian Journal of Urology 05/2007; 23(2):192-4.
  • Payal D Patel, Kaytan V Amrute, Gopal H Badlani
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    ABSTRACT: Although they may present with significant morbidity, pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence are mainly afflictions that affect quality of life. To appropriately treat these entities, comprehension of the various theories of the pathophysiology is paramount. Utilizing a Medline search, this article reviews recent data concerning intrinsic (i.e., genetics, postmenopausal status) and extrinsic factors (i.e., previous hysterectomy, childbirth) leading to organ prolapse or stress incontinence.
    Indian Journal of Urology 05/2007; 23(2):135-41.
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    ABSTRACT: A 2.5-year outcome analysis was performed on patients who underwent transvaginal repair of total pelvic organ prolapse with single polypropylene mesh. A description of the repair technique using a tension-free 4-point fixation is also reviewed. After proper vaginal dissection, a specially fashioned "H" shaped polypropylene mesh is positioned and fixed at 4-points. With a single piece of mesh, the anterior arms provide mid-urethral and bladder neck support, the mid-portion of the mesh corrects anterior compartment defects, and the posterior arms aid in vaginal vault suspension. Initially, bone anchors were utilized for anterior fixation, but currently a tension-free method is used. A retrospective analysis using chart review was performed on 96 patients who underwent this procedure from January 2000 to June 2005. Additional information was gathered by a telephone survey using a questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test, with Sigma Stat(R). Seventy-six patients (79%) were available with a mean follow-up time of 30.7 +/- 1.7 months and mean age of 69.3 +/- 11.3. Among those with follow-up, 36 patients (47.4%) underwent concurrent hysterectomies. Recurrence of prolapse was reported by four patients (5.2%). Sixty-eight patients (89%) were completely dry or almost dry, defined as an occasional leak. For those with preoperative incontinence (n = 36), average pad use per day decreased significantly from 2.1 +/- 0.4 to 0.8 +/- 0.2 (P < 0.005) postoperatively. Twelve patients (15.7%) reported of de novo urgency. Six patients required reoperation including excision of vaginal mesh erosion (2), uretholysis for obstruction (1), removal of palpable vaginal suture (1), and recurrent SUI (2). Among the 21 patients who are sexually active, 19 denied any dyspareunia (90.4%). Patient satisfaction was high, as the mean value was 7.9 +/- 0.3 on a scale of 1 (least satisfied) to 10 (most satisfied). Transvaginal repair of complete pelvic prolapse using polypropylene mesh is a safe and efficacious option, with minimal recurrence of prolapse and SUI. While two patients had vaginal erosions, no urethral or bladder erosions occurred. Patient satisfaction was overall favorable.
    Neurourology and Urodynamics 01/2007; 26(1):53-8. · 2.67 Impact Factor
  • Kaytan V Amrute, Robert M Moldwin
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    ABSTRACT: Interstitial cystitis is a condition that affects the urinary bladder and may be more prevalent than commonly thought. Symptoms range widely in severity and typically include urinary urgency, frequency and pelvic pain. Therapies usually target the known pathophysiology of this condition. Oral agents commonly include bladder surface mucin analogues, antihistamines, narcotics, tricyclic antidepressants and anticonvulsants. Intravesical therapy is usually used as second-line treatment. Multiple forms of pharmacotherapy are often provided simultaneously to improve efficacy and time to response.
    Women s Health 01/2007; 3(1):63-72.
  • Payal Patel, Kaytan Amrute, Gopal Badlani
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although they may present with significant morbidity, pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence are mainly afflictions that affect quality of life. To appropriately treat these entities, comprehension of the various theories of the pathophysiology is paramount. Utilizing a Medline search, this article reviews recent data concerning intrinsic (i.e., genetics, postmenopausal status) and extrinsic factors (i.e., previous hysterectomy, childbirth) leading to organ prolapse or stress incontinence.
    Indian Journal of Urology. 01/2007;
  • Kaytan V Amrute, Gopal H Badlani
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    ABSTRACT: This article discusses the various grafts or biomaterials, minimally invasive techniques, and recent advances for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. The studies reviewed in this paper compared certain biologic grafts to synthetic grafts in clinical trials and histopathological studies. Data from long-term outcome studies for tension-free vaginal tape are evaluated. As tension-free vaginal tape is the foremost technique for stress urinary incontinence correction, many of the newer modalities such as transobturator tape and laparoscopy are compared with it. Immediate and long-term complications from mesh use in stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse repair are examined. Correction of prolapse may eventually entail the use of specially designed 'kits' that allow total pelvic floor reconstruction with a single piece of mesh. Although biological grafts are initially efficacious, the trend is to use synthetic grafts in repair of stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Midurethral slings continue to be the front-line therapeutic modality for stress urinary incontinence. After analysis of long-term data, other surgical techniques may gain popularity. With increasing use of synthetic grafts, however, long-term complications such as de-novo urgency, erosion, and dyspareunia need to be assessed.
    Current Opinion in Urology 04/2006; 16(2):54-9. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Payal Patel, Kaytan Amrute, Gopal Badlani
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although they may present with significant morbidity, pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence are mainly afflicitions that affect quality of life. To appropiately treat these entities, comprehension of the various theories of pathophysiology is paramount. Utilizing a Medline search, this article reviews recent data concerning intrinsic (i.e., genetics, postmenopausal status) and extrinsic factors (i.e., previous hysterectomy, childbirth) leading to organ prolapse or stress incontinence
    Indian Journal of Urology. 01/2006;

Publication Stats

70 Citations
6.60 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007
    • North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System
      • Department of Urology
      New York City, New York, United States
    • The Brooklyn Hospital Center
      New York City, New York, United States