Katherine M Deutsch

Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Maryland, United States

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Publications (14)30.44 Total impact

  • R L Sprague, K M Deutsch, K M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: The adaptation to the task demands of grasping (grip mode and object mass) was investigated as a function of level of developmental disability. Subjects grasped objects of different grip widths and masses that were instrumented to record grip forces. Proportionally, fewer participants from the profound compared with moderate and severe disability groups were able to complete the prehensile tasks. Nevertheless, all participants who completed the task showed adaptive grasping behaviour in terms of level and variability of force produced. There was higher absolute and relative force variability in low mass tasks that was enhanced with greater level of developmental disability. The findings show task relevant adaptive grasping control with inhibition of force output at very-low-force conditions being the primary performance deficit of the profound disability group as a function of level of developmental disability.
    Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 08/2009; 53(9):797-806. · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • Robert L Sprague, Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: The characteristic slowness of movement initiation and execution in adult individuals with mental retardation may be driven by the slower frequency profile of the dynamics of the system. To investigate this hypothesis, we examined the resting and postural finger tremor frequency profile (single and dual limb) of adults as a function of level of mental retardation (moderate, severe, profound). There was a progressive increase in the contribution of slow frequency components to the enhanced amplitude of tremor as a function of mental retardation, particularly in the group with profound mental retardation. Findings support the hypothesis of mental retardation inducing a slower frequency to the system dynamics that may fundamentally drive the characteristic slowness of movement behavior.
    American journal of mental retardation: AJMR 08/2007; 112(4):300-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Jacob J Sosnoff, Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the degree to which younger children's greater variability in force control is associated with muscular weakness. Children aged 6, 8, and 10 years and adults aged 18-22 years produced isometric force via index finger metacarpo-phalangeal joint flexion to varying force levels (5%, 15%, 25%, and 35% maximal voluntary contraction). The force output of the younger children was more variable and had greater time dependent structure compared to that of the adults at all force levels. However, the effect of age on variability was significantly reduced, but not eliminated when absolute muscular strength was taken into account. It is concluded that age-related changes in children's force control result from a multitude of developmental processes including increases in muscular strength.
    Developmental Psychobiology 06/2007; 49(4):399-405. · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: Little consensus exists as to the age-related pattern of change in the frequency characteristics of postural tremor through childhood. We investigated postural finger tremor of children (6 and 10 years) and adults (18-22 years) using accelerometers under dual and single limb conditions (10s trials). The postural tremor of the children exhibited proportionally more power below 10 Hz and less power above 20 Hz than that of the adults. It also showed a significantly lower peak frequency and lower proportion of power at the peak frequency than the adults in the 15-30 Hz frequency band but did not differ significantly from the adults in peak frequency or proportion of power at the peak frequency in the 5-15 Hz frequency band. The greater relative contribution of fast time scales over the 1-30 Hz frequency band in the organization of the postural tremor of the adults in comparison to the children may be a contributing factor to adult's typically observed reduced motor skill performance variability.
    Neuroscience Letters 09/2006; 404(1-2):191-5. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    Katherine M Deutsch, T George Hornby, Brian D Schmit
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    ABSTRACT: The current study compared the intralimb coordination of flexor reflex responses in spinal intact and complete chronic spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals. Noxious electrocutaneous stimulation was applied at the apex of the medial arch of the foot (50 mA, 500 Hz, 1 ms pulse width, 20 ms) in 21 complete chronic SCI and 19 spinal intact volunteers and the flexor reflex response was quantified by measuring the isometric joint torques at the ankle, knee and hip. The results showed that SCI individuals had significantly smaller peak knee and hip joint flexion torques, often exhibited a net knee extension torque, and produced a much smaller hip joint flexion torque during the flexor reflex response in contrast to the spinal intact individuals. The latency of the reflex response, measured from the tibialis anterior electromyogram, was comparable in both test populations. These findings indicate that the intralimb coordination of the flexor reflex response of chronic complete SCI individuals is altered, possibly reflecting a functional reorganization of the flexion pathways of the spinal cord.
    Neuroscience Letters 07/2005; 380(3):305-10. · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • Katherine M. Deutsch, Karl M. Newell
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we examine two long-standing assumptions of the information processing perspective of perceptual-motor development, namely that: (1) the amount of noise in children’s sensori-motor system decreases with increases in age up to adulthood; and (2) this age-related reduction in noise level leads to associated improvements in the accuracy and variability of performance. We show that the age-related differences in the amount and structure of performance variability are influenced by many factors, including task goals, task relevant information, body scale, and practice. White Gaussian noise does not appear to play a role in driving the age-related differences in performance variability. The reduction in children’s performance variability with advancing age is primarily due to the evolving constraints of development and experience driven changes in the adaptive structure of their sensori-motor output.
    Developmental Review. 01/2005; 25(2):155-180.
  • Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: The experiment investigated the influence of segmental coupling on the ability to produce random-like movements in individual limb segments. Adult participants were instructed to move randomly (2 min trials) in the sagittal plane their index finger, hand, and lower arm as "frozen" effector units or where the individual links within the upper limb complex were free to move independently. The findings showed that the distal finger movements were more random-like when the proximal joints were also free to vary, but the reverse directional segmental effects were not present. Analysis of the movement frequency structure of the coordination between limb segments showed that patterns of modal frequencies were preserved even though the participants were trying to produce with equal probability a wide range of frequencies. These findings provide further evidence that: (1) the boundary conditions on the degrees of freedom of the neural output of an effector are relatively restrictive; (2) inter-limb reactive forces can enhance the limits on the dynamical degrees of freedom; and (3) the intrinsic dynamics influence movement output even when the task goal is a random output.
    Neuroscience Letters 10/2004; 367(2):218-23. · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effect of age and practice on the structure of children's force variability to test the information processing hypothesis that a reduction of sensorimotor system noise accounts in large part for age-related reductions in perceptual-motor performance variability. In the study, 6-year-olds, 10-year-olds, and young adults practiced on 5 consecutive days (15 trials/day), maintaining for 15-s trials a constant level of force (5 or 25% of maximum voluntary contraction) against an object using a pinch grip (thumb and index finger). With increasing age, the amount of force error and variability decreased, but the sequential structure of variability increased in irregularity. With practice, children reduced the amount of variability by changing the structure of the force output so as to be more similar to that of their older counterparts. The findings provide further evidence that practice-driven changes in the structure of force output, rather than a decline in the amount of white noise, largely account for age-related reductions in the amount of force variability.
    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 09/2004; 88(4):319-33. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the influence of deterministic and stochastic processes (including white Gaussian noise) on reductions in the amount of force output variability through childhood. The structure of the force signal produced during a constant isometric pinch grip task was examined as a function of age (6, 8, and 10 years, and young adults), availability of feedback information (with and without vision), digit (thumb and index finger), and force level (5, 15, 25, and 35% of maximal voluntary contraction). The amount of white Gaussian noise in the force signals was negligible and not age related. The availability of vision led increasingly over the older age groups to lower long-range correlations with more than a single scaling range in a 1/f-like decay process. The reductions in the amount of force variability from childhood to adulthood were related in large part to deterministic organization that increased the adaptive use of higher frequency components, due to the more flexible use of information feedback and feedforward processes.
    Developmental Psychobiology 01/2004; 43(4):335-45. · 2.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, the authors examined the hypothesis that the direction of the change (increase or decrease) in the dynamical degrees of freedom (dimension) regulated as a function of motor learning is task-dependent. Adult participants learned 1 of 2 isometric force-production tasks (Experiment 1: constant force output; Experiment 2: sinusoidal force output) over 5 days of practice and a 6th day with augmented information withdrawal. The results showed that over practice, the task goal induced either an increase (Experiment 1) or a decrease (Experiment 2) in the dimension of force output as performance error was reduced. These findings support the proposition that the observed increase or decrease in dimension with learning is dependent on both the intrinsic dynamics of the system and the short-term change required to realize the task goal.
    Journal of Experimental Psychology Human Perception & Performance 05/2003; 29(2):379-87. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Katherine M Deutsch, Karl M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the role of sensorimotor system noise in the organization of the force output of the thumb and index finger and the coordination between the two digits in an isometric pinch grip force task as a function of age (6, 8, 10, 18-22 years), feedback condition (with and without visual feedback information), and force level (5, 15, 25, and 35% of maximal voluntary force. With increases in age under the visual feedback conditions, the signal-to-noise ratio increased, the sequential structure of the force output signals became more irregular, the degree of coherence between the digits at higher force levels was enhanced, and the digits exhibited a greater degree of coherence across the higher frequencies of the power spectrum at all force levels. However, these age differences were either minimized or eliminated under conditions without feedback. These findings show that the age-related performance differences in grip force variability are primarily due to more effective use of visual information rather than age differences in intrinsic sensorimotor noise.
    Developmental Psychobiology 12/2002; 41(3):253-64. · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • K M Deutsch, K M Newell
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined whether age-related improvements observed in the motor performance of children result from a reduction of noise in the output of the sensori-motor system. Children ages 6, 8, and 10 years and young adults (N = 48, 12 per group) performed continuous, constant isometric force contractions with the index finger at four different force levels with and without visual feedback. The results revealed that: (a) performance improved with increases in age, (b) the force output signal exhibited increased irregularity and a more broadband frequency profile with increases in age under conditions with feedback, and (c) there were no age differences in the irregularity of the force signal and smaller age differences in the frequency profiles under conditions without feedback. It is proposed that the age-related enhancements in performance throughout childhood are primarily due to a more appropriate mapping of the organization of the sensori-motor system to the task constraints rather than to reduction of system noise.
    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 01/2002; 80(4):392-408. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • K M Newell, K M Deutsch, S Morrison
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    ABSTRACT: In 2 experiments, the authors examined whether and to what degree young adults can learn to produce random planar motion of the index finger or fingers. Three different types of information feedback were provided to the participants (N = 8 in each experiment) over up to 5 days of practice across the 2 experiments. The results from both experiments revealed that the participants produced a relatively low level of movement randomness in finger motion and that they did not learn through practice to enhance the stochastic properties of their movement under any feedback conditions. The findings provide further evidence that there are relatively tight constraints on the number of dimensions that are regulating single-limb planar motion and that those constraints are not susceptible to change through typical learning protocols.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 10/2000; 32(3):314-20. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Self-injurious behavior was examined in a case study of head-banging by an 8-year-old girl with profound mental retardation and an autistic disorder. Trajectories of the arm movements and impact forces of the head blows were determined from a dynamic analysis of videotapes. Results revealed a high degree of cycle-to-cycle consistency in the qualitative dynamics of the limb motions, with one hand motions being faster than those with two hands (inphase and antiphase) and the motions with the helmet about 25% faster than those without the helmet. The impact force of SIBs as a percentage of body weights are near the low end of forces generated in boxing blows and karate hits.
    American journal of mental retardation: AJMR 02/1999; 104(1):11-21. · 2.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

175 Citations
30.44 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2009
    • Pennsylvania State University
      • • Department of Kinesiology
      • • College of Health and Human Development
      University Park, Maryland, United States
  • 2007
    • University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
      • Department of Kinesiology and Community Health
      Urbana, IL, United States
  • 2006–2007
    • State University of New York College at Cortland
      Cortland, New York, United States
  • 2005
    • Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago
      • Sensory Motor Performance Program
      Chicago, Illinois, United States