Kaan Yerit

Medical University of Vienna, Wien, Vienna, Austria

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Publications (23)54.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze long-term implant survival in the mandible after radiotherapy and radical surgery in oral cancer patients. Between 1990 and 2003, 71 patients (15 females, 56 males; average age 57.8 years, range 16-84.1 years) were treated with dental implants after radiochemotherapy and ablative surgery of oral cancer. Radiation therapy was delivered in daily fractions of 2 Gy given on 25 days (total dose of 50 Gy). Oral defects were reconstructed microsurgically with jejunal, iliac crest or radial forearm grafts. Thereafter 316 dental implants were placed in the non-irradiated residual bone (84; 27%), irradiated residual bone (154; 49%) or grafted bone (78; 25%) at various intervals (mean interval 1.41 (+/- 1.01) years, range 0.34-6.35 years). The mean follow-up time after implant insertion was 5.42 (+/- 3.21) years (range 0.3-13.61 years). The overall 2-, 3-, 5-, and 8-year survival rates of all implants were 95%, 94%, 91% and 75%. Forty-four implants were lost in 21 patients during the observation period. Irradiation of the mandibular bone showed significantly (P = 0.0028) lower implant survival compared with non-irradiated mandibular bone. The 8-year survival rate in the non-irradiated residual bone (two loss), irradiated residual bone (29 loss) or grafted bone (13 loss) were 95%, 72% and 54%, respectively. Time of implantation after irradiation showed no statistically significant influence. Implant brand, length or diameter or the incidence of resective surgery on the mandible and gender of patients had no statistically significant influence on implant survival. Radiation therapy with 50 Gy was significantly related to shorter implant survival in mandibular bone. Survival was lowest in grafted bone. Time of implant placement had no statistically significant influence on survival under the conditions of this study. Although implant survival is lower in irradiated mandibles, implants significantly facilitate prosthodontic treatment and enhance outcome of oral rehabilitation in cancer patients.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 07/2006; 17(3):337-44. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2005.01160.x · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biodegradable materials are particularly useful for the fixation of zygomatic fractures. Different systems are commercially available. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of zygomatic fracture fixation using 3 biodegradable systems and a titanium osteosynthesis system. Patients with displaced fractures of the zygomatic bone presenting at our department from October 2001 to May 2003 were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatment groups for fracture fixation (study group A: LactoSorb: n = 18; study group B: BioSorb: n = 18; study group C: Delta: n = 18). Treatment outcome and complication rates were compared with a historic patient group with zygomatic fractures fixed with titanium osteosynthesis (control group D: n = 15). A total of 64 patients (study groups A + B + C: n = 49; control group D: n = 15) were followed for at least 24 months (range: 24 to 44 months). Forty-nine patients in the biodegradable study groups (group A: n = 15; group B: n = 17; group C: n = 17) who had their fractures fixed with biodegradable plates and screws alone or in combination with titanium plates and screws were reviewed postoperatively. Uneventful healing occurred during the entire follow-up period in 39 (80%) out of 49 patients in the biodegradable groups (A + B + C) and in 12 (80%) out of 15 patients in group D. Ten patients in groups A + B + C developed postoperative complications (infection: n = 3; soft tissue dehiscence: n = 2; implant-related tissue reactions: n = 5), compared with 3 patients in group D (soft tissue dehiscence: n = 1; unspecific pain: n = 2) (P = .97). Complications occurred in 4 patients in group A and 3 patients each in groups B and C. Smokers developed significantly more postoperative complications than nonsmokers in groups A + B + C (P = .01). There was no significant difference between biodegradable osteosynthesis materials or between biodegradable materials and titanium fixation with respect to fracture healing and postoperative complications. Postoperative complications were of a minor nature and resolved spontaneously or after local therapy. Smoking habits may play a significant role in the incidence of complications with biodegradable materials.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 05/2006; 101(4):419-25. DOI:10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.07.026 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of a new method for planning and realizing zygomatic osteotomies in cases of established post-traumatic deformities using stereolithographic (SL) models and computer assisted navigation. In 5 patients, osteotomy and repositioning of the zygomatic complex was planned using SL models. The desired position of the zygoma in the patient was determined by fixing individualized osteosynthesis plates to predefined screw positions. The SL model and the patient were registered to the same 3-dimensional computed tomography data set via an occlusal reference frame on the patient and corresponding reference markers on the model. Prebent osteosynthesis plates from the surgical simulation on the model were fixed to corresponding screw positions on the patient, which were located by computer-assisted navigation. Evaluation of accuracy was performed by image fusion of postoperative computed tomography scans of the model and the patient. Clinical outcome was satisfactory in all cases. The evaluation by image fusion showed alignment of the patient's and the model's zygoma in 4 of 5 cases. Mean measured distance between screw positions in the models and the patients were 1.1 +/- 0.3 mm for 44 screws. In 1 patient the treatment plan was changed intraoperatively because of unforeseen soft tissue limitations. Point-to-point navigation is an accurate method to transfer the planning of a complex osteotomy from the SL model to the actual surgical procedure. Surgery is facilitated considerably because repositioning and osteosynthesis are achieved in 1 step.
    Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 04/2006; 64(3):550-9. DOI:10.1016/j.joms.2005.11.024 · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone tissue engineering is a promising approach for treatment of defective and lost bone in the maxillofacial region. Creating functional tissue for load bearing bone reconstruction using biocompatible and biodegradable scaffolds seeded with living cells is of crucial importance. The aim of our study was to compare the effects of poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramic granulae on growth, differentiation, mineralization and gene expression of mandibular mesenchymal cambial layer precursor cells (MCLPCs) cultured onto tissue engineered three-dimensional (3-D) composites in vitro. These 3-D composites were cultivated in a rotating cultivation system under osteogenic differentiation conditions for a maximum period of 21 days. After 6 and 21 days, histological examination was performed; scanning electron microscopy (SEM), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and levels of DNA were investigated. Expression of bone-specific genes osteocalcin, osteonectin, osteopontin, ALP, core binding factor alpha 1 and collagen type I were investigated by using a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. After 6 and 21 days of incubation an initiation of mineralization and the presence of newly formed bone at the surface of the composites were shown after evaluation of ALP activity, DNA content, SEM and histological staining. Expression of bone-specific genes confirmed the bone-like character of these composites and different effects of PLGA or HA granulae on the osteogenic differentiation of human MCLPCs in vitro. The results of this study support the concept that substrate signals significantly influence MCLPCs growth, differentiation, mineralization and gene expression in vitro, and that the use of these cells in the manufacturing of 3-D cell/HA composites is a promising approach for load bearing bone reconstruction in the maxillofacial region in vivo.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 09/2005; 16(4):417-24. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2005.01144.x · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Augmentation of the craniofacial region is necessary for many aesthetic and reconstructive procedures. Tissue engineering offers a new option to supplement existing treatment regimens. In this procedure, materials composed of hydroxyapatite (HA), of synthetic or natural origin, are used as scaffolds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of three HA materials on cultured human osteoblasts in vitro. Explant cultures of cells from human alveolar bone were established. Human osteoblasts were cultured on the surface of HA calcified from red algae (C GRAFT/Algipore), deproteinized bovine HA (Bio-Oss) and bovine HA carrying the cell binding peptide P-15 (Pep Gen P-15). Cultured cells were evaluated with respect to cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation. Cells were cultured for 6 and 21 days under osteogenic differentiation conditions, and tissue-culture polystyrene dishes were used as control. The ability of cells to proliferate and form extracellular matrix on these scaffolds was assessed by a DNA quantification assay, protein synthesis analysis and by scanning electron microscopical examination. Osteogenic differentiation was screened by the expression of alkaline phosphatase. The osteoblastic phenotype of the cells was monitored using mRNA levels of the bone-related proteins including osteocalcin, osteopontin and collagen Type I. We found that cells cultured on C GRAFT/Algipore) and Pep Gen P-15 showed a continuous increase in DNA content and protein synthesis. Cells cultured on Bio-Oss showed a decrease in DNA content from Day 6 (P < 0.05) to Day 21 (P < 0.0001) and protein synthesis on Day 21 (P < 0.005). Alkaline phosphatase activity increased in cells grown on C GRAFT/Algipore and Pep Gen P-15 in contrast to cells grown on Bio-Oss, in which the lowest levels of activity could be observed on Day 21 (P < 0.05). Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed the osteoblastic phenotype of the cells grown on all three materials throughout the whole culture period. The results of our in vitro study show that the differences in metabolic activity of cells grown on HA materials are directly related to the substrate on which they are grown. They confirm the excellent properties of HA carrying the cell binding peptide P-15 and HA calcified from red algae as used in maxillofacial surgery procedures.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 08/2005; 34(5):543-50. DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2004.10.023 · 1.57 Impact Factor
  • H Ozyuvaci · I Aktas · K Yerit · K Aydin · E Firatli ·
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    ABSTRACT: This article provides an overview of the sinus lift operation, including radiographic evaluation of the procedure. Plain radiographs such as dental or panoramic radiographs have conventionally been used to measure the bone volume in the operation site, but full three-dimensional assessment of the region before and after the sinus lift operation is advisable both to allow planning of the lift and to see the results of it. The general radiologists sometimes misinterpret the graft material used in sinus lift cases as odontogenic tumour or some other pathology. The aim of this article is to put an end to this wrong interpretation and to familiarize the general radiologist with pre-operative and post-operative imaging of sinus lift cases.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 08/2005; 34(4):199-204. DOI:10.1259/dmfr/42093196 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficiency of biodegradable self-reinforced (SR-PLDLA) bone plates and screws in open reduction and internal fixation of mandible fractures in children. Thirteen patients (5 female, 8 male; mean age 12 years, range 5-16 years) were operated on various fractures of the mandible (2 symphyseal, 6 parasymphyseal, 4 body, 3 angle, 1 ramus, 2 condylar fractures). The mean follow-up time was 26.4 months (range 10.9-43.4 months). Intermaxillary fixation was applied in cases with concomitant condylar fractures up to 3 weeks. Primary healing of the fractured mandible was observed in all patients. Postoperative complications were minor and transient. The outcome of the operations was not endangered. Adverse tissue reactions to the implants, malocclusion, and growth restrictions did not occur during the observation period. Pediatric patients benefit from the advantages of resorbable materials, especially from faster mobilization and the avoidance of secondary removal operations. Based on these preliminary results, self-reinforced fixation devices are safe and efficient in the treatment of pediatric mandible fractures. However, further clinical investigations are necessary to evaluate the long-term reliability.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 08/2005; 100(1):17-24. DOI:10.1016/j.tripleo.2004.11.013 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate complications before, during, and after vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis and to assess the survival rate of dental implants placed in distracted bone. In a consecutive series, 37 patients with 45 alveolar ridge deficiencies of the partially edentulous mandible were treated with 14 intraosseous and 31 subperiosteal distraction devices. Seventy-two dental implants could be placed at the time of distractor removal and 21 implants at a second stage. Complications associated with the distraction procedure affected 75.7% of patients. The majority of complications were of minor nature with the exception of fractures of basal bone (n = 3), fracture of transport segment (n = 1), breakage of distractor (n = 1), and severe mechanical problems (n = 3). Eleven secondary grafting procedures were necessary to allow the placement of dental implants. Implant survival was 95.7% (mean postloading follow-up: 35.7 months). Vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis is not an uncomplicated procedure; however, long-term survival of dental implants inserted into distracted areas is satisfactory.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 08/2005; 100(1):25-30. DOI:10.1016/j.tripleo.2004.11.021 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biodegradable implants have not been used on a large scale for internal fixation of mandibular fractures because of presumed inferior mechanical properties. This prospective clinical trial was designed to elucidate the stability and biocompatibility of self-reinforced poly-L/D-lactide plates and screws used to stabilize a variety of mandible fractures by open reduction and internal fixation. Sixty-six consecutive patients (22 female, 44 male; mean age, 23.9 years) with a total of 89 fractures at various sites of the mandible were included in the study. Stability of plates and screws and bone healing were observed by clinical and radiographic assessment. Intermaxillary fixation was applied in eight patients with concomitant condylar fractures for 2 to 3 weeks. The self-reinforcement technique provided sufficient mechanical stability of the implants for primary healing of these high-load mandibular bone areas. Postoperative complications were transient and limited to wound dehiscence and localized wound infection (two patients). In some patients, hypesthesia (three patients) or slight pain (10 patients) was reported at the 1-year recall examination, but implant-related serious adverse tissue reactions were not observed during the follow-up (mean, 24.4 months; range 6.4 to 44.3 months). On the basis of these preliminary results, the authors conclude that biodegradable self-reinforced implants show efficient stability during initial bone healing and promise a high potential for successful use in osteofixation of mandibular fractures.
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 07/2005; 115(7):1863-70. DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000165075.51898.6F · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyze the interaction between osteoblast-like cells isolated from mandibular bone and hydroxyapatite ceramic bone substitute obtained from calcified red algae to assess the growth and differentiation of adherent cells on this biomaterial. Materials and The macroporous ceramic material C GRAFT/Algipore (The Clinician's Preference LLC, Golden, CO) is composed of 100% hydroxyapatite and possesses specific mechanical and physiochemical properties. Osteoblast-like cells were seeded on 200 mg of biomaterial and cultured for 6 and 21 days under osteogenic differentiation conditions. Specific alkaline phosphatase activity, DNA, and protein content of the proliferating cells were analyzed. The morphology of the cells in contact with the biomaterial was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The osteoblastic phenotype of the cells was confirmed by analysis of the expression of bone-specific genes (osteocalcin, osteopontin and collagen type I) by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The DNA and protein content increased over the culture period. Scanning electron microscopy showed cells spreading on the surface of the biomaterials, covering the macropores, and colonizing the depth of the particles. The analysis of the expression patterns of bone-related genes confirmed the osteoblastic phenotype of the cultured cells. The results of this study showed that hydroxyapatite ceramic bone substitute obtained from calcified red algae support the proliferation and differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells on its surface in vitro and might be suitable for use as scaffolds in tissue engineering strategies in vivo.
    Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 07/2005; 63(6):793-9. DOI:10.1016/j.joms.2005.02.015 · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ability to generate new bone for reconstructive surgery use is a major clinical need. Tissue engineering with osteoprogenitor cells isolated from the patient's periosteum and seeded into bioresorbable scaffolds offers a promising approach to the generation of skeletal tissue. To our knowledge, there is no description about the expression of Ets2 in tissue engineered "bone neotissue." The aim of our study was to manufacture cell-seeded three-dimensional bone constructs with human periosteal cells on poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) polymer fleeces to describe the expression pattern of Ets2 and its target genes osteocalcin and osteopontin; expression analysis of type I collagen, core-binding factor-1, alkaline phosphatase, and osteonectin; the ability of matrix mineralization and ALP enzymatic activity showed the osteogenic character of the constructs. A significant correlation between the expression of Ets2 and osteopontin mRNA (r = -0.70; p < 0.05) could be shown. A 1.35-fold increase of Ets2 expression from days 1 to 9 was detected, followed by a slight decrease from days 11 to 15. Until the end of the culture period, the expression of Ets2 reached a comparable high level as detected on day 9. In contrast, the expression level of osteopontin mRNA reached a maximum at day 7, followed by a progressive 3.04-fold decrease until day 21. This study shows for the first time that Ets2 gene and its transcriptional target genes are expressed in tissue-engineered bone constructs. These findings have the potential to provide much-needed information about the role and function of Ets2 in human osteogenesis processes and creation of "bone neotissue."
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 06/2005; 73(4):445-55. DOI:10.1002/jbm.a.30292 · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone tissue engineering is a promising approach for the treatment of defective or lost bone in the maxillofacial region. Biocompatible and biodegradable scaffolds seeded with living cells are used to create functional tissue for load-bearing bone reconstruction. The aim of this study was to manufacture cell-seeded 3-dimensional bone constructs based on hydroxyapatite ceramic granule calcified from red algae and mesenchymal cambial-layer precursor cells. The ability of these cells to grow on hydroxyapatite ceramic was quantitatively investigated to evaluate 3-dimensional bone constructs for their potential use in bone tissue engineering. Mesenchymal cambial-layer precursor cells were isolated from mandibular periosteum biopsy samples of 3 patients. To manufacture 72 bone constructs, these cells and hydroxyapatite ceramic granules (C GRAFT/Algipore; Clinician's Preference LLC, Golden, CO) were cultivated under osteogenic differentiation conditions in a rotating wall vessel system. After 6 and 21 days, histologic examination and scanning electron microscopy were performed. The absolute DNA content, protein synthesis, and alkaline phosphatase activity were also quantified. The osteoblastic phenotype of the constructs was confirmed by the expression of bone-specific genes (osteocalcin, osteonectin, osteopontin, and core binding factor alpha1) using semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Cells within the constructs showed good viability, which was evidenced by an increase in DNA content over the culture period. The decrease in alkaline phosphatase-specific activity could be an indicator of the maturation of cells and the induction of mineralization. The osteoblastic phenotype of the constructs was demonstrated on protein and at the RNA level over the entire culture period. We observed a positive effect of hydroxyapatite ceramic granules on mesenchymal cambial-layer precursor cell behavior in cell-seeded 3-dimensional bone constructs, indicating the potential applicability of C GRAFT/Algipore composites in bone tissue engineering.
    Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 06/2005; 63(5):673-81. DOI:10.1016/j.joms.2005.01.006 · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate zygomatic fracture fixation with the BioSorbFX osteosynthesis system by assessing stability of reduction as well as complications in the first postoperative year and by conducting a survey to document surgeons' opinions on biodegradable osteosynthesis for this indication. From January to September 2003, 25 patients with displaced non-infected unilateral fracture of the zygoma were operated upon (m:f = 20:5; age 17-81 years; mean 39.4 years) using the BioSorbFX 2.0 and/or 1.5 mm osteosynthesis systems. A: Clinical and radiographic examinations were carried out immediately postoperatively and after 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. B: Surgeons were asked to participate in a survey critically evaluating their experience with biodegradable osteosynthesis systems. A: All fractures of the zygoma healed uneventfully. An excessive soft tissue reaction due to the degradation process was not seen. Three minor complications which resolved after local therapy occurred in the immediate postoperative phase. B: In the survey, the handling of biodegradable plates in general was rated worse than metal plate osteosynthesis. Fixation of fractures of the zygoma with the BioSorbFX system was simple and safe. The fixations remained stable and bony healing was uneventful. Postoperative complications were few, of a minor nature and not related to the process of biodegradation.
    Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery 05/2005; 33(2):95-102. DOI:10.1016/j.jcms.2004.10.006 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by clefts of the lip and/or palate (CL+/-P), lip pits, bifid uvula and hypodontia. Mutations of the interferon regulatory factor 6 gene (IRF6) have been recently described in patients with VWS. The entire 9 exons of the IRF6 gene in two brothers of Turkish origin clinically diagnosed with Van der Woude syndrome and four healthy family members were screened for mutations using a newly established denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) method. A novel heterozygous mutation in exon 2 (DNA binding region) of the IRF6 gene, p.Arg84Gly, was found in both brothers with VWS and in their clinically asymptomatic mother. Our results suggest a dominant negative effect of the p.Arg84Gly mutation in the VWS of both patients. Non-penetrance of this mutation is suggested in the mother of the patients.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 03/2005; 15(2):247-51. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.15.2.247 · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcome of implant insertion in the augmented severely atrophied maxilla. Three hundred and twenty-four implants were inserted in 35 patients (eight males, 27 females, average age 57.6 years) in extremely atrophied maxillae after osteotomy and interposition of iliac crest bone. One hundred implants were installed in 12 patients simultaneously with the osteotomy and grafting; 224 implants were placed in 23 patients in a second procedure 6-12 months later. Implant parameters like osseointegration and peri-implant bone loss; peri-implant tissue parameters like bleeding, gingival and plaque index; and patients' satisfaction were evaluated. Of 324 implants, 29 (8.9%) were lost during the entire follow-up: 14 in six patients of the one-step and 15 in 11 patients of the two-step group. The overall input-output survival in 141.1 months was 91.1%. The overall 2-year failure-free fraction of implants was 95.5%; the 5-year failure-free fraction was 89.3%. In the one-step group, the 2 (5)-year failure-free fraction was 95.9% (86.9%), and in the two-step group 95% (91.3%) (log-rank test P=0.57). Marginal peri-implant bone loss was 1.7+/-1.3 mm mesial and 1.8+/-1.3 mm distal. Implant insertion after osteotomy and iliac bone grafting is a reliable operation method for the dental rehabilitation of the severely atrophied maxilla showing good long-term results.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 01/2005; 15(6):693-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2004.01074.x · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphoscintigraphic planar imaging is a common procedure for sentinel lymph node imaging prior to lymph node biopsy, but fails to elucidate the specific lymphatic drainage. Composite functional/anatomical imaging (SPECT-CT) has the potential to enhance topographic orientation and diagnostic sensitivity of sentinel lymph node imaging, but has not yet been applied in the head and neck region. A total of 30 patients were investigated. Planar imaging was 5 min, 265 x 265, right and left lateral; 500 kilocounts (Kcts) and SPECT (GE Millenium VG Hawk Eye 6 degrees/30s. step, 128 x 128, slice thickness 4.42 mm). Scans were performed 60 min after intra-mucodermal injection of 0.1 ml of 20 MBq 99mTc nanocolloid in patients with squamous cell cancer of the head and neck. SPECT studies were analysed by filtered back projection (FBP: Hann (0.7) prefiltering, Butterworth (0.5) postfiltering) and reconstruction (OSEM: Post Filter Hamming (0.85), 2 Iterations) and independently viewed with the co-registered CT image (eNTEGRA Functional Anatomical Fusion Vers 2.0216). The results were validated by comparing the results of each method employed in all 30 cases and intraoperative gamma probe-guided sentinel lymph node biopsy with histological examination in 13 of these patients. The majority of patients had more than one sentinel node (mean 1.63, min. 0, max. 4). Seven out of the 30 studies demonstrated lymphatic flow to the contralateral side of the neck. Forty-nine sentinel nodes were identified by iteratively reconstructed SPECT-CT. Thirty-eight out of these 49 could be located in lymphoscintigraphic planar imaging, whereas only 24/49 were detected in filtered back projection, respectively. In 11 of the 30 cases, a clinically unpredictable pattern of lymphatic drainage was observed. No correlation was found between T stage or tumour location and the number of sentinel nodes detected. In one out of the 13 cases, in whom imaging was followed by intraoperative gamma probe-guided biopsy, no sentinel node could be detected with the probe in the proximity of the primary tumour, although the node was clearly discernible in the reconstructed SPECT-CT. Composite functional/anatomical imaging (SPECT-CT) is feasible for sentinel lymph node detection. It enhances topographic orientation and diagnostic sensitivity with more sentinel nodes being detectable than by planar lymphoscintigraphy alone. Planar imaging should be accompanied by iterative reconstructed SPECT-CT to identify lymph nodes adjacent to the primary lesion. Such nodes are easily overlooked by planar lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative gamma probes, as the high activity at the injection site can obscure their detection.
    Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery 01/2005; 32(6):343-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jcms.2004.05.008 · 2.93 Impact Factor

  • Human Genetics 08/2004; 115(2):175. · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term outcome of the horseshoe Le Fort I osteotomy (HLFO) as a preprosthetic operation technique for implant insertion in the extremely atrophied maxilla. 36 patients (8 male, 28 female, average age 57.6 years) underwent HLFO combined with iliac crest bone grafting. They were divided into 2 groups: group A with 12 patients who simultaneously received 100 implants; group B with 24 patients where 176 implants were inserted in 18 patients in a second-stage procedure. Clinical and radiographic outcome with regard to implant osseointegration, alveolar bone height in the canine and molar regions, peri-implant bone loss and satisfaction of patients (esthetics, masticatory function, overall treatment) were investigated in all cases. The overall 2-year failure-free fraction of implants was 95.5%; the 5-year failure-free fraction was 89.3%. In the 1-step group the 2-year and 5-year failure-free fractions were 95.9% and 86.9%, respectively, in the 2-step group 95.0% and 91.3% (log rank test P=.57). A total of 27 implants were lost during the entire follow-up: 14 in 6 patients of the 1-stage and 13 in 9 patients of the 2-stage group. The mean loss of alveolar bone after augmentation in the canine and molar regions was almost equal in both groups (overall means for the 2 regions 3.67 +/- 2.77 and 4.42 +/- 2.72 mm, respectively). The relationship between the jaws and thereby the esthetic profile could be improved in all cases. All patients were satisfied with the dental rehabilitation and the achieved new esthetic appearance. HLFO combined with iliac bone grafting is a feasible preprosthetic technique prior to implant insertion in cases of severe atrophy of the maxillary alveolar ridge, leading to satisfying implant survival and rehabilitation of function.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 07/2004; 97(6):683-92. DOI:10.1016/S1079210403007273 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new approach to addressing difficult tissue reconstructive or replacement problems in the oral cavity is to engineer new tissue by using selective cell transplantation on polymer scaffolds. The current study characterized the osteoblastic nature of adherent mandibular cells on biomaterials, which could have a potential use as scaffolds for tissue engineering strategies. Cells of mandibular origin from one patient were cultivated on three different biomaterials (PepGen P-15 trade mark, Frios Algipore, and OsteoGraf/LD-700) for 7 and 14 days and osteocalcin expression was demonstrated by RT-PCR and SDS-PAGE/Western blotting. In order to explicitly characterize only the adherent cells on the biomaterials, we first separated the biomaterials with adherent cells from the culture plate before trypsinization. We could demonstrate that cell growth of adherent mandibular osteoblast-like cells was significantly higher on biomaterials with an organic component (PepGen P-15 trade mark ) in comparison to Frios Algipore and OsteoGraf/LD-700, respectively. In conclusion, only the explicit study of adherent cells at the gene and protein levels gives information about the osteoconductivity of biomaterials.
    Mund- Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie 10/2003; 7(5):294-300. DOI:10.1007/s10006-003-0495-7

  • Human Genetics 10/2003; 113(4):365. · 4.82 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

634 Citations
54.04 Total Impact Points


  • 2005-2006
    • Medical University of Vienna
      • Department of Cranio-, Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2002-2005
    • University of Vienna
      • Clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 2004
    • Center For Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
      Georgia, United States