Publications (2)21.64 Total impact

  • W S Helton · R Maves · K Wicks · K Johansen ·
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    ABSTRACT: In good-risk patients with variceal bleeding undergoing portal decompression, surgical shunt is more effective, more durable, and less costly than angiographic shunt (transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic shunt [TIPS]). Retrospective case-control study. Academic referral center for liver disease. Patients with Child-Pugh class A or B cirrhosis with at least 1 prior episode of bleeding from portal hypertension (gastroesophageal varices, portal hypertensive gastropathy). Portal decompression by angiographic (TIPS) or surgical (portacaval, distal splenorenal) shunt. Thirty-day and long-term mortality, postintervention diagnostic procedures (endoscopic, ultrasonographic, and angiographic studies), hospital readmissions, variceal rebleeding episodes, blood transfusions, shunt revisions, and hospital and professional charges. Patients with Child-Pugh class A or B cirrhosis undergoing TIPS (n = 20) or surgical shunt (n = 20) were followed up for 385 and 456 patient-months, respectively. Thirty-day mortality was greater following TIPS compared with surgical shunt (20% vs 0%; P =.20); long-term mortality did not differ. Significantly more rebleeding episodes (P<.001); rehospitalizations (P<.05); diagnostic studies of all types (P<.001); shunt revisions (P<.001); and hospital (P<.005), professional (P<.05), and total (P<. 005) charges occurred following TIPS compared with surgical shunt. Operative portal decompression is more effective, more durable, and less costly than TIPS in Child-Pugh class A and B cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding. Good-risk patients with portal hypertensive bleeding should be referred for surgical shunt.
    Archives of Surgery 01/2001; 136(1):17-20. DOI:10.1001/archsurg.136.1.17 · 4.93 Impact Factor
  • R. Maves · K. Wicks · K. Johanson · S. Helton ·

    Gastroenterology 04/1998; 114(4). DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(98)85267-0 · 16.72 Impact Factor