Justyna Witkowicz

Warsaw University Of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (7)7.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Sex determination and flower morphogenesis are very broad and complex processes controlled at many levels. Four clones have been isolated from cucumber transcriptomes, mapped onto the cucumber genome and checked if the corresponding genes expression differed between the vegetative and generative tissues (leaf, shoot apex, and 1-to 2-mm flower buds) of monoecious and gynoecious cucumber lines. To determine the role, and characteristics of identified genes in flower morphogenesis, as well as to ...
    BioTechnologia. Journal of Biotechnology Computational Biology and Bionanotechnology. 01/2012; 93(2).
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    ABSTRACT: New sequencing technologies make it possible to achieve genome sequence fast and cheap. Since the assembly step of such next generation reads is still not well standardized it is the most cumbersome part of sequencing projects. We present here approaches undertaken on the way to the draft assembly the cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Borszczagowski) genome done with the use of 8x unpaired and 4x paired (3 Kbp) pyrosequenced 454 XLR Titanium reads, together BAC library ends fragments (12,7x physical coverage). Two different assembly approaches, namely Celera and Celera/Arachne were finally used. The Celera result was 15’196 contigs of 197 Mbp length and N50 27’086 bp and 4’157 scaffolds of 224 Mbp length and N50 2’324 Kbp. In the Celera/Arachne method contigs after prior pyrosequencing reads assembly (in the form of ~ 800 nt reads) were used together with the STCs as the input to Arachne assembler. Number of contigs were 15’764 of the length 193 Mbp with N50 23’280 bp. Number of supercontigs were 12’438 with the coverage of 323 Mbp and N50 323’092 bp. Correctness of the assemblies were proven after mapping 95,56% of 63’035 cucumber unigenes with the average identity 97,81%. Additionally 6 BAC/Fosmid cucumber sequences (totally 372’277 bp) had identity of 97,61% to the assembled genome. Average reads coverage of the genome were 14,20x and 98% of the assembled genome had reads coverage higher than 3x. Taking into consideration coverage used in already reported cucumber assemblies (32x by Miller J. et al., 2009 and 72x by Huang S. et al., 2009), as well as no differences in the quality and the best overall quantity statistics of contigs/scaffold lengths, the Celera approach used in this project should be considered the most optimal one to get omics-ready quality draft sequence of highly repeated eukaryotic genome.
    Nature Precedings 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), a widely cultivated crop, has originated from Eastern Himalayas and secondary domestication regions includes highly divergent climate conditions e.g. temperate and subtropical. We wanted to uncover adaptive genome differences between the cucumber cultivars and what sort of evolutionary molecular mechanisms regulate genetic adaptation of plants to different ecosystems and organism biodiversity. Here we present the draft genome sequence of the Cucumis sativus genome of the North-European Borszczagowski cultivar (line B10) and comparative genomics studies with the known genomes of: C. sativus (Chinese cultivar--Chinese Long (line 9930)), Arabidopsis thaliana, Populus trichocarpa and Oryza sativa. Cucumber genomes show extensive chromosomal rearrangements, distinct differences in quantity of the particular genes (e.g. involved in photosynthesis, respiration, sugar metabolism, chlorophyll degradation, regulation of gene expression, photooxidative stress tolerance, higher non-optimal temperatures tolerance and ammonium ion assimilation) as well as in distributions of abscisic acid-, dehydration- and ethylene-responsive cis-regulatory elements (CREs) in promoters of orthologous group of genes, which lead to the specific adaptation features. Abscisic acid treatment of non-acclimated Arabidopsis and C. sativus seedlings induced moderate freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis but not in C. sativus. This experiment together with analysis of abscisic acid-specific CRE distributions give a clue why C. sativus is much more susceptible to moderate freezing stresses than A. thaliana. Comparative analysis of all the five genomes showed that, each species and/or cultivars has a specific profile of CRE content in promoters of orthologous genes. Our results constitute the substantial and original resource for the basic and applied research on environmental adaptations of plants, which could facilitate creation of new crops with improved growth and yield in divergent conditions.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(7):e22728. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Isolations of polymorphic sequences of two pairs of the NIL lines of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), which differ with respect to sex, were carried out using the subtraction hybridization methods of DSC (Differential Subtraction Chain) and GDDSC (Genetically Directed DSC). 266 DSC tags were isolated from the entire genome region, and 38 GDDSC tags were isolated from the region containing the sex genes. Based on the obtained results, the methods used may be considered highly effective. The attained sequences, like 11 AFLP clones obtained earlier [Witkowicz, J. et al. Cell. Mol. Biol. Lett. 8 (2003) 375-381], were characterized by analyzing their hybridization with differential (dhaom) and subtractive cDNA libraries (cDNAsubtractom) from 1- to 2- mm floral buds of the same lines, and by the sequencing of 28 tags. A high average degree of homology was found to exist in the genpolom to dhom and cDNAsubtractom, particularly in the case of "dominant" (when the tester used was a line in which the sex of the plants was dependent upon the dominant allele). This indicates a significant share of coding sequences in the polymorphic genomic tags as well as their share in flower formation. Many of these sequences originate from the sex gene region. Analysis of the sequenced tags showed their interesting composition, including many organelle sequences which transferred into the nucleus, and coding.
    Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters 02/2004; 9(4B):919-33. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The AFLP technique was used to evaluate the level of polymorphism between two pairs of isogenic cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) lines (NIL) differing in flower sex expression. The BSA techniques were also applied to find molecular markers linked to sex determination genes (dominant alleles) in those cucumber lines. Sex determination in cucumber is controlled by three main loci F, M and Gy. The interaction of these loci is responsible for the formation of the various phenotypes of flowers in respect to sex in the analyzed lines [corrected]. A female line 2gg with a ff/MM/gygy genotype, isogenic to a monoecious line B10 (genotype ff/MM/GyGy), and a female line Gy3 with a FF/MM/GyGy genotype, isogenic to a hermaphroditic line HGy3 (genotype FF/mm/GyGy). Using 56 combinations of AFLP primers, used for the analysis of lines 2gg and B10, gave 3794 bands, of which 155 (4.1%) were polymorphic. Ten bands distinguished gynoecious and monoecious bulks appearing at the same time in the appropriate parent; they are believed to be linked to the Gy locus. The isogenic lines Gy3 and HGy3 showed a higher level of polymorphism (14.2%). In this case, 55 combinations of primers gave 2996 reaction products, of which 430 showed variation. Twenty bands occurred in one bulk and in one parent, so they are probably associated with the M locus. Using the AFLP technique, the isogenicity of the lines was evaluated. The level of polymorphism (per pair of primer) between lines 2gg and B10 is 0.072% and is four times lower than that between the Gy3 and HGy3 lines (0.27%). The differences in the isogenicity of the lines can result from the degree of their relatedness, which may reflect the way they were derived.
    Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters 02/2003; 8(2):375-81. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), a widely cultivated crop, has originated from Eastern Himalayas and secondary domestication regions includes highly divergent climate conditions e.g. temperate and subtropical. We wanted to uncover adaptive genome differences between the cucumber cultivars and what sort of evolutionary molecular mechanisms regulate genetic adaptation of plants to different ecosystems and organism biodiversity. Here we present the draft genome sequence of the Cucumis sativus genome of the North-European Borszczagowski cultivar (line B10) and comparative genomics studies with the known genomes of: C. sativus (Chinese cultivar – Chinese Long (line 9930)), Arabidopsis thaliana, Populus trichocarpa and Oryza sativa. Cucumber genomes show extensive chromosomal rearrangements, distinct differences in quantity of the particular genes as well as in distributions of abscisic acid-, dehydration- and ethylene-responsive cis-regulatory elements (CREs) in promoters of orthologous group of genes, which lead to the specific adaptation features. Abscisic acid treatment of non-acclimated Arabidopsis and C. sativus seedlings induced moderate freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis but not in C. sativus. This experiment together with analysis of abscisic acid-specific CRE distributions give a clue why C. sativus is much more susceptible to moderate freezing stresses than A. thaliana. Comparative analysis of all the five genomes showed that, each species and/or cultivars has a specific profile of CRE content in promoters of orthologous genes. Our results constitute the substantial and original resource for the basic and applied research on environmental adaptations of plants, which could facilitate creation of new crops with improved growth and yield in divergent conditions.
    International Plant and Animal Genome Conference XX 2012;