ABSTRACT: Efficacy of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treatment with Peg-IFN and Ribavirin (RBV) is superior for genotypes 2/3 (GT-2/3) than for genotype 1 (GT-1) patients. Efficacy of treatment in Latinos infected with GT-2/3 is unknown. The purpose of the study was to examine efficacy of Peg-IFN/RBV in Latinos and factors that predict sustained viral response (SVR). This was a retrospective study of GT-2/3 patients treated with Peg-IFN alfa-2a and RBV for 24 weeks. Multiple baseline characteristics were evaluated. SVR and relapse rates were calculated, as well as multiple regression models performed to examine factors that predict SVR and relapse, as genotype, HVL, weight, steatosis at liver biopsy, total cholesterol triglyceride and diabetes. Thirty five consecutive patients were included in the study;  GT-2 and  GT-3. Baseline characteristics were similar between both genotypes. SVR was (18/26) or 69.2% for GT-2 and (8/9) or 88.9% for GT-3 for combined SVR of (26/35), 74.3%. Relapse rates were 28.0% for GT-2 and 11.1% for GT-3 patients for a combined relapse rate of 23.5%. Patients heavier than 75 kg had relapse rates twofold higher than leaner patients, (6/21) or 28.6% versus (2/14) or 14.3% (P = 0.088). Weight increase in kg was the only predictor for risk of relapse, P = 0.043 (SD 0.0445 95% CI 1.0026-1.1772). In conclusion, Latinos heavier than 75 kg with GT-2/3 HCV infection achieve lower SVR than those who weight less than 75 kg, because a higher relapse rate. More research in ethnic and racial minorities is needed to further establish optimal treatment in this population.
Journal of Medical Virology 09/2008; 80(9):1576-80. · 2.82 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Patients with hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus coinfection have rapid fibrosis progression. The effect on fibrosis progression rate and time to cirrhosis of HCV treatment has not been extensively studied. First aim of the study was to assess changes in FPR and TTC and staging after HCV therapy vs. no treatment. Secondary aim was to study changes in FPR/staging of sustained viral responders and non-responders to Peg-IFN alfa-2a and RBV.
Seventy-four (74) co-infected patients were grouped in three according to HCV treatment, Group 1 - None (n=9), Group 2 - IFN (n=30), Group 3-Peg-IFN alfa-2a (n=35). Paired liver biopsies were analyzed and FPR/TTC calculated for each biopsy.
Baseline characteristics, duration of treatment and time between biopsies were similar among groups. HCV therapy, improved grading, but only Peg-IFN alfa-2a therapy resulted in staging decrease. Group 2 had significant staging increase and Group 1 had doubling of FPR and (TTC) reduction from 22.7 to 9.09 years. Peg-IFN alfa-2a treated patients had negative change in FPR and stabilization in TTC. SVR and NR with Peg-IFN alfa-2a/RBV had same FPR and staging.
In patients with HIV/HCV co-infection Peg-IFN alfa 2a based treatment produced regression or stable fibrosis in contrast to accelerated progression in those without treatment.
Journal of Hepatology 05/2007; 46(4):613-9. · 9.26 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Thyroid dysfunction (TD) is associated to chronic hepatitis C (HCV) and interferon (IFN) therapy. The prevalence of TD at baseline and during IFN therapy among stages of hepatic fibrosis is unknown.
To examine the frequency of TD at baseline and during Peg-IFN therapy among patients with severe and mild fibrosis.
100 patients were treated with Peg-IFN and divided in 2 groups (50 each), according to liver histology; Metavir 0-2 (mild fibrosis) and Metavir 3-4 (severe fibrosis). Baseline TD was defined as history of TD, or abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) or antiperoxidase thyroid auto-antibodies (TPO -Ab). Frequency of TD during therapy was defined as TD that required treatment.
20% in the severe fibrosis group and 10% in the mild fibrosis group, had TD at baseline. Most of the cases, 31.4% were female as compared to 6.25% males. During therapy, 24% of patients in the severe fibrosis group, compared to 12% in the mild fibrosis, had TD. Most patients had biochemical hypothyroidism, and 66% were female, compared to 33.33 % male. TPO-Ab predicted TD during therapy in 50% of cases while those negative only had 16.6% TD during IFN therapy.
Patients with severe fibrosis have more TD events at baseline and during treatment with Peg IFN alfa-2a. Patients with more hepatic fibrosis require careful attention to diagnose and manage TD. More research in the immune mechanisms of hepatic fibrosis progression and autoimmune complications is needed.
Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 7(1):72-7. · 1.81 Impact Factor