Jian-Ming Zhi

Shanghai University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (7)5.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To clarify whether apoptosis is involved in the injury processes induced by autoantibody against cardiac beta1-adrenoceptor, we investigated the biological and apoptotic effects of antibodies on cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Wistar rats were immunized with peptides corresponding to the second extracellular loop of the beta1-adrenoceptor to induce the production of anti-beta1-adrenoceptor antibodies in the sera. Immunoglobulin (Ig) G in the sera was detected using synthetic antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and purified using the diethylaminoethyl cellulose ion exchange technique. Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was evaluated using agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry. Our results showed that the positive serum IgG greatly increased the beating rates of cardiomyocytes and showed an agonist-like activity. Furthermore, positive serum IgG induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis after treatment with beta1-adrenoceptor overstimulation for 48 h. The effects of monoclonal antibody against beta1-adrenoceptor were also found to be similar to those of positive serum IgG. It was suggested that the autoantibody could induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis by excessive stimulation of beta1-adrenoceptor.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 08/2006; 38(7):443-9. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using two-kidney one-clip renal hypertensive (2K1C group), stress-induced hypertensive (neural group), DOCA-salt treated hypertensive (DOCA group) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR group), to investigate the change in AT(1A)-receptor autoantibodies (AT(1A)-AAs) during the development of the four types of hypertension. The biological activities of AT(1A)-AAs were examined. It was shown that the frequency of occurrence and titres of AT(1A)-AAs increased significantly during the development of hypertension. In the four hypertensive groups studied, the occurrence of AT(1A)-AAs was most prominent in SHR, 2K1C and neural groups. The biological effects of AT(1A)-AAs were shown to increase the beating frequency of cultured neonatal myocardial and vascular contractile tension. It is suggested that autoimmune mechanisms are involved the pathogenesis of different types of hypertension and the AT(1A)-AAs may be one of the mechanisms leading to cardiac hypertrophy.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 03/2006; 58(1):90-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify whether apoptosis is involved in the injury processes induced by autoantibody against cardiac β1-adrenoceptor, we investigated the biological and apoptotic effects of antibodies on cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Wistar rats were immunized with peptides corresponding to the second extracellular loop of the β1-adrenoceptor to induce the production of anti-β1-adrenoceptor antibodies in the sera. Immunoglobulin (Ig) G in the sera was detected using synthetic antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and purified using the diethylaminoethyl cellulose ion exchange technique. Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was evaluated using agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry. Our results showed that the positive serum IgG greatly increased the beating rates of cardiomyocytes and showed an “agonist-like” activity. Furthermore, positive serum IgG induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis after treatment with β1-adrenoceptor overstimulation for 48 h. The effects of monoclonal antibody against β1-adrenoceptor were also found to be similar to those of positive serum IgG. It was suggested that the autoantibody could induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis by excessive stimulation of β1-adrenoceptor.Edited by Satoru TANAKA
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 01/2006; 38(7):443-449. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the vasodilating effects of angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] on the different vessels and to clarify its mechanisms by using relaxing responses of preconstricted vascular rings. The results showed: (1) Ang-(1-7) dose-dependently induced vasorelaxation in all the vessels studied. However, there is apparent heterogeneity in the responsiveness of vessels from different origin. (2) The Ang-(1-7)-induced vasorelaxation was endothelium dependent and largely mediated by NO system. (3) The vasodilator action of Ang-(1-7) was not mediated by AT1 or AT2 receptor subtypes. It is suggested that the Ang-(1-7)-induced vasorelaxation is endothelium dependent by some other unclarified angiotensin receptor subtypes and is largely mediated by NO system.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 01/2005; 56(6):730-4.
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    ABSTRACT: In an experimental rat's renovascular hypertension model, we studied the genesis of anti-cardiac beta1-adrenoceptor and M2-muscarinic receptor autoantibodies in relation to the changes in immunological function during the development of renal hypertension. The biological activities of these autoantibodies were also examined. It was shown that after two weeks of operation both the frequency of occurrence and the titre of autoantibodies to cardiac beta1-adrenoceptor and M2-muscarinic receptor were significantly increased as compared with the control of pre-treatment. The increased autoantibodies lasted for several weeks and then automatically decreased gradually to the pre-clipping level at 10 weeks. Meanwhile the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ was also undergone an initial increase followed by gradual recovery and correlated well with the changes in antibody titre. The biological effects of these autoantibodies displayed an "gonistic-like" activities on the beating frequency of cultured neonatal cardiomyocyte. It is suggested that autoimmune mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of renal hypertension and the cardiac receptor autoantibodies might be one of the mechanisms leading to cardiac dysfunction.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 01/2005; 36(12):793-7. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of losartan (after operation 2 week to 10 week, 5 mg/kg d ig) on generation of AT1R-AA in sera were observed during development of hypertension in rats. The renovascular hypertension (RVH) model was established by two-kidney one-clip method, a synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acid sequence 165-191 of the second extracellular loop of the angiotensin II-1 receptor (AT1R) was used as antigen, SA-ELISA were used to examine sera AT1R autoantibody (AT1R-AA). The frequencies and titres of AT1R-AA after operation one week rats were significantly increased (P < 0.05). The treatment with losartan not only inhibited structural and functional changes, but also the frequencies and titres of AT1R-AA was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than RVH group. It is suggested that the losartan significantly inhibits generation of the AT1R-AA.
    Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology 02/2003; 19(1):43-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to observe the change in angiotensin II receptor subtype 1 (AT(1)) autoantibody during the development of renovascular hypertension (RVH). The Goldblatt renovascular hypertension model was established by the two-kidney one-clip method, and a synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acid sequence 165-191 of the second extracellular loop of the AT(1)-receptor was used as the antigen. Sera AT(1)-receptor autoantibody was detected by SA-ELISA. It was shown that two weeks after operation both the frequency of occurrence and the titre of autoantibodies to AT(1)-receptor were significantly increased as compared with the pre-treatment control. The increase in autoantibodies lasted several weeks and then decreased gradually to the pre-clipping level at 12 weeks. It is suggested that autoimmune mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of renovascular hypertension and the AT(1) autoantibodies may be one of the mechanisms leading to cardiac hypertrophy.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 09/2002; 54(4):317-20.

Publication Stats

15 Citations
5.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • Shanghai University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2005–2006
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2002–2006
    • Shanxi Medical University
      • Department of Physiology
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China