Javier E García

Fundación instituto de Inmunología de Colombia, Μπογκοτά, Bogota D.C., Colombia

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Publications (15)54.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A hepatitis C virus E(2) protein-derived sequence was selected for studying the effect of N-glycosylation on the peptide chain's conformational structure. The results suggested that the (534)TDVF(537) motif contained in peptide 33402 ((529)WGENDTDVFVLNNTRY(544)) had a type III beta-turn, relevant in antigen recognition of polyclonal antibodies, binding to human cells, and binding to HLA DRB1 *0401 molecules. N-Glycopeptides derived from this sequence contained monosaccharides in Asn(532). N-Glycopeptides presented differences in peptide chain structure compared to non-glycosylated peptides. Peptide 33402 specifically bound to human cells, specificity becoming lost when it was N-glycosylated. N-Glycosylation decreased antigen recognition of mouse polyclonal sera against this sequence. N-Glycopeptide binding to HLA DRB1 *0401 molecules was similar to that presented by non-glycosylated peptide, indicating that N-glycosylation did not affect binding to HLA DRB1 *0401 molecules. N-Glycosylation induced changes at structural and functional level which could be relevant for modulating human cell binding properties and antibody recognition.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2007; 355(2):409-18. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.01.167 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite infects different types of cells in a mosquito's salivary glands and human epithelial and Kuppfer cells and hepatocytes. These become differentiated later on, transforming themselves into the invasive red blood cell form, the merozoite. The ability of sporozoites to interact with different types of cells requires a wide variety of mechanisms allowing them to survive in both hosts: mobility, receptor-ligand interactions with different cellular receptors, and transformation and development into other invasive parasite forms, which are vitally important for parasite survival. Sporozoite complexity is reflected in the large quantity of proteins that can be expressed. Some of them have been extensively studied, such as CSP, TRAP, STARP, LSA-1, LSA-3, SALSA, SPECT1, SPECT2, MAEBL, and SPATR, due to their importance in infection and their potential use as vaccines. Our work has been focused on the search for the molecular mechanisms of parasite-host cellular receptor-ligand interactions by identifying amino acid sequences and the critical binding residues from these proteins relevant to parasite invasion. Once such sequences have been identified, it will be possible to modify them to induce a strong immune response against P. falciparum in the experimental Aotus monkey model. This all leads towards developing multistage, multicomponent, subunit-based vaccines that will be effective in eradicating or controlling malaria caused by P. falciparum.
    Clinical Microbiology Reviews 11/2006; 19(4):686-707. DOI:10.1128/CMR.00063-05 · 16.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tryptophan-threonine-rich antigen (TryThrA) is a Plasmodium falciparum homologue of Plasmodium yoelii-infected erythrocyte membrane pypAg-1 antigen. pypAg-1 binds to the surface of uninfected mouse erythrocytes and has been used successfully in vaccine studies. The two antigens are characterized by an unusual tryptophan-rich domain, suggesting similar biological properties. Using synthetic peptides spanning the TryThrA sequence and human erythrocyte we have done binding assays to identify possible TryThrA functional regions. We describe four peptides outside the tryptophan-rich domain having high activity binding to normal human erythrocytes. The peptides termed HABPs (high activity binding peptides) are 30884 ((61)LKEKKKKVLEFFENLVLNKKY(80)) located at the N-terminal and 30901 ((401)RKSLEQQFGDNMDKMNKLKKY(420)), 30902 ((421)KKILKFFPLFNYKSDLESIM(440)) and 30913 ((641)DLESTAEQKAEKKGGKAKAKY(660)) located at the C-terminal. Studies with polyclonal goat antiserum against synthetic peptides chosen to represent the whole length of the protein showed that TryThrA has fluorescence pattern similar to PypAg-1 of P. yoelii. All HABPs inhibited merozoite in vitro invasion, suggesting that TryThrA protein may be participating in merozoite-erythrocyte interaction during invasion.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2006; 339(3):888-96. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.11.089 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synthetic 20-mer long non-overlapped peptides, from STEVOR protein, were tested in RBC binding assays for identifying STEVOR protein regions having high RBC binding activity and evaluating whether these regions inhibit Plasmodium falciparum in vitro invasion. Affinity constants, binding site number per cell and Hill coefficients were determined by saturation assay with high activity binding peptides (HABPs). HABP binding assays using RBCs previously treated with enzymes were carried out to study the nature of the receptor. The molecular weight of RBC surface proteins interacting with HABPs was determined by cross-linking assays and SDS-PAGE analysis. RBC binding assays revealed that peptides 30561 (41MKSRRLAEIQLPKCPHYNND60), 30562 (61PELKKIIDKLNEERIKKYIE80) and 30567 (161ASCCKVHDNYLDNLKKGCFG180) bound saturably and with high binding activity, presenting nanomolar affinity constants. HABP binding activity to RBCs previously treated with neuraminidase and trypsin decreased, suggesting that these peptides bound to RBC surface proteins and that such binding could be sialic acid dependent. Cross-linking and SDS-PAGE assays showed that the three HABPs specifically bound to 30 and 40 kDa molecular weight RBC membrane proteins. Peptides 30561, 30562 and 30567 inhibited P. falciparum in vitro invasion of red blood cells in a concentration-dependent way. Goat sera having STEVOR protein polymeric peptides antibodies inhibit parasite in vitro invasion depending on concentration. Three peptides localized in STEVOR N-terminal and central regions had high, saturable, binding activity to 30 and 40 kDa RBC membrane proteins. These peptides inhibited the parasite's in vitro invasion, suggesting that STEVOR protein regions are involved in P. falciparum invasion processes during intra-erythrocyte stage.
    Peptides 08/2005; 26(7):1133-43. DOI:10.1016/j.peptides.2005.01.013 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The process of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection of the macrophage implies a very little-known initial recognition and adherence step, important for mycobacterial survival; many proteins even remain like hypothetical. The Rv1510c gene, encoding a putatively conserved membrane protein, was investigated by analysing the M. tuberculosis genome sequence data reported by Cole et al. and a previous report that used PCR assays to show that the Rv1510 gene was only present in M. tuberculosis. This article confirmed all the above and identified the transcribed gene in M. tuberculosis, Mycobacterium africanum, and in M. tuberculosis clinical isolates. Antibodies raised against peptides from this protein recognised a 44 kDa band, corresponding to Rv1510c theoretical mass (44,294 Da). Assays involving synthetic peptides covering the whole protein binding to U937 and A549 cell lines led to recognising five high activity binding peptides in the Rv1510 protein: 11094, 11095, 11105, 11108, and 11111. Their affinity constants and Hill coefficients were determined by using U937 cells. Cross-linking assays performed with some of these HABPs showed that they specifically bound to a U937 cell line 51 kDa protein, but not to Hep G2 or red blood cell proteins, showing this interaction's specificity.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2005; 332(3):771-81. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.05.018 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several EBA-175 paralogues (EBA-140, EBA-165, EBA-175, EBA-181, and EBL-1) have been described among the Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasite proteins, which are important in the red blood cell (RBC) invasion process. EBA-181/JESEBL is a 181 kDa protein expressed in the late schizont stage and located in the micronemes; it belongs to the Plasmodium Duffy binding-like family and is able to interact with the erythrocyte surface. Here, we describe the synthesis of 78, 20-mer synthetic peptides derived from the reported EBA-181/JESEBL sequence and their ability to bind RBCs in receptor-ligand assays. Five peptides (numbered 30030, 30031, 30045, 30051, and 30060) displayed high specific binding to erythrocytes; their equilibrium binding parameters were then determined. These peptides interacted with 53 and 33 kDa receptor proteins on the erythrocyte surface, this binding being altered when RBCs were pretreated with enzymes. They were able to inhibit P. falciparum merozoite invasion of RBCs when tested in in vitro assays. According to these results, these five EBA-181/JESEBL high specific erythrocyte binding peptides, as well as the entire protein, were seen to be involved in the molecular machinery used by the parasite for invading RBCs. They are thus suggested as potential candidates in designing a multi-sub-unit vaccine able to combat the P. falciparum malaria parasite.
    Biochimie 06/2005; 87(5):425-36. DOI:10.1016/j.biochi.2005.01.005 · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adhesion of mature asexual stage Plasmodium falciparum parasite-infected erythrocytes (iRBC) to the vascular endothelium is a critical event in the pathology of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. It has been suggested that the clag gene family is essential in cytoadherence to endothelial receptors. Primers used in PCR and RT-PCR assays allowed us to determine that the gene encoding CLAG 3 (GenBank accession no. NP_473155) is transcribed in the Plasmodium falciparum FCB2 strain. Western blot showed that antisera produced against polymerized synthetic peptides from this protein recognized a 142-kDa band in P. falciparum schizont lysate. Seventy-one 20-amino-acid-long nonoverlapping peptides, spanning the CLAG 3 (cytoadherence-linked asexual protein on chromosome 3) sequence were tested in C32 cell and erythrocyte binding assays. Twelve CLAG peptides specifically bound to C32 cells (which mainly express CD36) with high affinity, hereafter referred to as high-affinity binding peptides (HABPs). Five of them also bound to erythrocytes. HABP binding to C32 cells and erythrocytes was independent of peptide charge or peptide structure. Affinity constants were between 100 nM and 800 nM. Cross-linking and SDS-PAGE analysis allowed two erythrocyte binding proteins of around 26 kDa and 59 kDa to be identified, while proteins of around 53 kDa were identified as possible receptor sites for C-32 cells. The HABPs' role in Plasmodium falciparum invasion inhibition was determined. Such an approach analyzing various CLAG 3 regions may elucidate their functions and may help in the search for new antigens important for developing antimalarial vaccines.
    Protein Science 03/2005; 14(2):504-13. DOI:10.1110/ps.04883905 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Erythrocyte binding ligand 1 (EBL-1) is a member of the ebl multigene family involved in Plasmodium falciparum invasion of erythrocytes. We found that five EBL-1 high-activity binding peptides (HABPs) bound specifically to erythrocytes: 29895 ((41)HKKKSGELNNNKSGILRSTY(60)), 29903 ((201)LYECGK-KIKEMKWICTDNQF(220)), 29923 ((601)CNAILGSYADIGDIVRGLDV(620)), 29924((621)WRDINTNKLSEK-FQKIFMGGY(640)), and 30018 ((2481)LEDIINLSKKKKKSINDTSFY(2500)). We also show that binding was saturable, not sialic acid-dependent, and that all peptides specifically bound to a 36-kDa protein on the erythrocyte membrane. The five HABPs inhibited in vitro merozoite invasion depending on the peptide concentration used, suggesting their possible role in the invasion process.
    Protein Science 03/2005; 14(2):464-73. DOI:10.1110/ps.041084305 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Binding assays were carried out with 20 amino acid long peptides covering the complete 200-kDa Liver stage antigen (LSA) 3 protein sequence to identify its HepG2 cell binding regions. Seventeen HepG2 cell high-activity binding peptides (HABPs) were identified in the LSA-3 protein. Seven HABPs were found in the nonrepeat (NRA) region A; five of these formed a 100 amino acid long HepG2 cell binding region located between residues 21Ile and 120Thr. Six HABPs were found in the R2 region and another four in the NRB2 region. LSA-3 protein HABPS bound saturably to HepG2 cells having nanomolar affinity constants and bound specifically to 31, 44, and 70 kDa HepG2 cell membrane proteins. Some of them were located in antigenic and immunogenic LSA-3 protein regions. Immunofluorescence and immunoblotting assays using goat sera immunized with LSA-3 protein peptides recognized P. falciparum (FCB-2 strain) erythrocyte stage proteins (58, 68, 72, 81, 86, 160, and 175 kDa). This reactivity was due mainly to the VEESVAEN motif present in some erythrocyte stage proteins. However, our results suggest that antibodies against LSA-3 regions had a crossed reaction with another 86-kDa protein, and that this crossed reaction was due to a motif present in the NRA region.
    Journal of Molecular Medicine 10/2004; 82(9):600-11. DOI:10.1007/s00109-004-0573-9 · 4.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Erythrocyte binding antigen-160 (EBA-160) protein is a Plasmodium falciparum antigen homologue from the erythrocyte binding protein family (EBP). It has been shown that the EBP family plays a role in parasite binding to the erythrocyte surface. The EBA-160 sequence has been chemically synthesised in seventy 20-mer sequential peptides covering the entire 3D7 protein strain, each of which was tested in erythrocyte binding assays to identify possible EBA-160 functional regions. Five EBA-160 high activity binding peptides (HABPs) specifically binding to erythrocytes with high affinity were identified. Dissociation constants lay between 200 and 460 nM and Hill coefficients between 1.5 and 2.3. Erythrocyte membrane protein binding peptide cross-linking assays using SDS-PAGE showed that these peptides bound specifically to 12, 28, and 44 kDa erythrocyte membrane proteins. The nature of these receptor sites was studied in peptide binding assays using enzyme-treated erythrocytes. HABPs were able to block merozoite in vitro invasion of erythrocytes. HABPs' potential as anti-malarial vaccine candidates is also discussed.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2004; 321(4):835-44. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.07.034 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MAEBL is an erythrocyte binding protein located in the rhoptries and on the surface of mature merozoites, being expressed at the beginning of schizogony. The structure of MAEBL originally isolated from rodent malaria parasites suggested a molecule likely to be involved in invasion. We thus became interested in identifying possible MAEBL functional regions. Synthetic peptides spanning the MAEBL sequence were tested in erythrocyte binding assays to identify such possible MAEBL functional regions. Nine high activity binding peptides (HABPs) were identified: two were found in the M1 domain, one was found between the M1 and M2 regions, five in the erythrocyte binding domain (M2), and one in the protein's repeat region. The results showed that peptide binding was saturable; some HABPs inhibited in vitro merozoite invasion and specifically bound to a 33kDa protein on red blood cell membrane. HABPs' possible function in merozoite invasion of erythrocytes is also discussed.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2004; 315(2):319-29. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.01.050 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the cause of epithelial lesions, HPV type 16 and type 18 being associated with the development of anogenital cancer. The L1 Major Capsid Protein (L1) represents about 90% of total HPV protein and is involved in virus-host cell interaction, but little is known about this binding process. L1 sequences from HPV types 16 and 18 were synthesized in 56 20-mer peptides, covering the entire protein, HPLC-purified, (125)I-radiolabeled and tested in VERO and HeLa cell-binding assays to identify those peptides with high specific binding activity. Peptides 18283 (residues 54-77) and 18294 (274-308) from HPV16 L1, as well as 18312 (59-78) and 18322 (259-278) from HPV18 L1, presented high specific target cell binding activity. Peptide 18283 and 18294 affinity constants were 300 and 600 nM, respectively. Enzyme cell treatment before binding assay indicated that VERO and HeLa cell peptide receptor is a surface-exposed protein. There was a 60% reduction in peptide 18283 binding to heparin lyase-treated cells. Cross-linking assays showed that these proteins molecular weights were around 69 and 54 kDa. Peptides 18283 and 18294 specifically inhibited HPV-16 VLP binding to HeLa cells. According to the L1- and VLP-reported structure, both peptides are close on the VLP-surface, belonging to the outer surface broad pockets suggested as being potential receptor sites. Furthermore, it has been reported that a conserved motif from peptide 18294 is the target for neutralizing antibodies. These results suggest that such binding sequences are used by the virus as cell-binding regions.
    International Journal of Cancer 12/2003; 107(3):416-24. DOI:10.1002/ijc.11433 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synthetic peptides from the liver stage antigen-1 (LSA-1) antigen sequence were used in HepG2 cell and erythrocyte binding assays to identify regions that could be involved in parasite invasion. LSA-1 protein peptides 20630 ((21)INGKIIKNSEKDEIIKSNLRY(40)), 20637 ((157)KEKLQGQQSDSEQERRAY(173)), 20638 ((174)KEKLQEQQSDLEQERLAY(190)) and 20639 (191KEKLQEQQSDLEQERRAY(207)) had high binding activity in HepG2 assays. Were located in immunogenic regions; peptide cell binding was saturable. Peptide 20630 bound specifically to 48kDa HepG2 membrane surface protein. LSA-1 peptides 20630 ((21)INGKIIKNSEKDEIIKSNLRY(40)) and 20633 ((81)DKELTMSNVKNVSQTNFKSLY(100)) showed specific erythrocyte binding activity and inhibited merozoite invasion of erythrocytes in vitro. A monkey serum prepared against LSA-1 20630 peptide analog (CGINGKNIKNAEKPMIIKSNLRGC) inhibited merozoite invasion in vitro. The data suggest LSA-1 "High Activity Binding Peptides" could play a possible role in hepatic cell invasion as well as merozoite invasion of erythrocytes.
    Peptides 06/2003; 24(5):647-57. DOI:10.1016/S0196-9781(03)00135-9 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte invasion by malaria parasites is mediated by specific molecular interactions. Several lines of evidence suggest the importance of the surface plasmodial circumsporozoite (CS) protein in the sporozoite invasion of hepatocytes. Identification of the sequences involved in binding to hepatocytes is an important step towards understanding the structural basis for the sporozoite-hepatocyte interaction. In this study, binding assays between Plasmodium falciparum CS peptides and HepG2 cells were performed. Fifteen overlapping residue 20 mer long peptides, spanning the entire CS sequence, were tested in HepG2 cell binding assays. Five High Binding Activity Peptides (HBAPs) to HepG2 cells were identified: 4593, (NANPNANPNANP); 4383, (NSRSLGENDDGNNEDNEKLR); 4388, (GNGQGHNMPNDPNRNVDENA); 4389, (HNMPNDPNRNVDENANANSA) and 4390, (DPNRNVDENANANSAVKNNN). The HBAP HepG2 interaction is independent of charge and amino-acid composition, but sequence dependent. Four HBAPs (4383, 4388, 4389 and 4390) are bound with similar affinity to a 50 kDa molecule. These HBAPs define three Hepatocyte Binding Sequences (HBSs): HBS-1, located between residues 68 and 87 (HBAP 4383); HBS-11, the repeat NANP region (HBAP 4593), for which anti repeat antibodies are able to specifically inhibit sporozoite invasion of hepatocytes have been reported; and HBS-111, between residues 286 and 315 (HBAPs 4388, 4388 and 4390), respectively. Interestingly, HBS 111 carries two earlier-reported B-epitopes (underlined) in peptides 4388, 4389 and 4390 (GNGQGHNMPNDPNRNVD ENANANSAVKNN) in its sequence. The HBSs reported here show lesser interspecie-variability than the entire protein in species invading the same kind of hepatic cells. This data supports these HBSs' important role in CS-protein function; they could be used as ligand by the sporozoite to invade hepatic cells.
    Vaccine 09/2001; 19(31):4487-95. DOI:10.1016/S0264-410X(01)00203-1 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte invasion by malaria parasites is mediated by specific molecular interactions. Several lines of evidence suggest the importance of the surface plasmodial circumsporozoite (CS) protein in the sporozoite invasion of hepatocytes. Identification of the sequences involved in binding to hepatocytes is an important step towards understanding the structural basis for the sporozoite–hepatocyte interaction. In this study, binding assays between Plasmodium falciparum CS peptides and HepG2 cells were performed. Fifteen overlapping residue 20 mer long peptides, spanning the entire CS sequence, were tested in HepG2 cell binding assays. Five High Binding Activity Peptides (HBAPs) to HepG2 cells were identified: 4593, (NANPNANPNANP); 4383, (ṈSLGENḎDGṈNEDKLR); 4388, (GNGQGHNM̱PNDPVḎENA̱); 4389, (HNM̱PNDPVḎENA̱NAṈSA̱) and 4390, (DPVḎENA̱NAṈSA̱VKNṈN). The HBAP HepG2 interaction is independent of charge and amino-acid composition, but sequence dependent. Four HBAPs (4383, 4388, 4389 and 4390) are bound with similar affinity to a 50 kDa molecule. These HBAPs define three Hepatocyte Binding Sequences (HBSs): HBS-1, located between residues 68 and 87 (HBAP 4383); HBS-11, the repeat NANP region (HBAP 4593), for which anti repeat antibodies are able to specifically inhibit sporozoite invasion of hepatocytes have been reported; and HBS-111, between residues 286 and 315 (HBAPs 4388, 4388 and 4390), respectively. Interestingly, HBS 111 carries two earlier-reported B-epitopes (underlined) in peptides 4388, 4389 and 4390 (GNGQGHNMVKNN) in its sequence. The HBSs reported here show lesser interspecie-variability than the entire protein in species invading the same kind of hepatic cells. This data supports these HBSs’ important role in CS-protein function; they could be used as ligand by the sporozoite to invade hepatic cells.

Publication Stats

181 Citations
54.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2007
    • Fundación instituto de Inmunología de Colombia
      Μπογκοτά, Bogota D.C., Colombia
  • 2001
    • Hospital San Juan de Dios Pamplona
      Quilichao, Cauca, Colombia