[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of our prospective study is to evaluate the surgical outcome among patients aged 80 years and above, who underwent surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. We assessed patients' clinical and demographic data, procedures, perioperative complications, preoperative and postoperative pain intensity, basic activities of daily living (BADL), patients' satisfaction, the need for repeated surgery, and overall mortality. Thirty-nine patients more than 80 years of age were operated in our institution in the last decade. Twenty-five of them were followed-up with a mean 36.8 months after the operation. The Barthel index was used to evaluate pre and postsurgery ADL, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain. The satisfaction rate of the patients before and after the operation and the complication rate were also evaluated. A significant reduction in VAS (P < 0.001) and a significant increase in the Barthel index (P < 0.001) were recorded. Seventy-six percent of the patients were very satisfied or somewhat satisfied with the operative results. Fifty-two percent of the patients had complications (0.9 complications per patients), however, about half of them were minor. No operative or perioperative mortality was noticed and the overall hospital stay for these elderly patients was 3.6 days on average. Surgery in very old elderly patients is safe and effective in the treatment of spinal stenosis, who did not respond well to the conservative treatment. The surgery did not increase the associated morbidity and mortality and most of the patients benefited from the surgery in terms of reduction in pain, increase in ADL and walking ability and overall increase in the satisfaction rate.
European Spine Journal 03/2008; 17(2):193-8. · 2.13 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adolescent disc herniation and its surgical treatment have been the subjects of many published clinical series. The majority of these series were heterogeneous; the number of adolescent patients (12-17 years) as opposed to young adults (18-20 years) was generally small and the length of follow-up varied greatly. Although the short-term outcome of disc excision in adolescents was mostly favorable, their long-term outcome is unknown.
To evaluate the mid- and long-term results of discectomy in patients younger than 17 years of age.
Retrospective examination of a series of adolescent patients under the age of 17 years who underwent surgery for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation.
The medical records of 26 patients (15 males, 11 females, 12-17 years old [average 14.6]) who were operated for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in three spine centers between 1984 and 2002 were reviewed. These subjects represented the total number of patients meeting the criteria of adolescents undergoing discectomy for lumbar disc herniation in these institutions during the study period. All patients were located and contacted by an independent observer not involved in the care of these patients. Low back pain associated with leg pain was the main clinical symptom in 20 patients (77%), leg pain in 4 (15%), and back pain in 2 (8%). They all underwent posterior disc excision: 23 (88%) patients had one level discectomy, and 3 (12%) had simultaneous discectomy at two levels. The L4-L5 interspace was involved 19 times, and the L5-S1 interspace 10 times. Slipped vertebral apophysis was diagnosed in 4 patients (15%). Twelve of the 26 patients (46%) had a first-degree relative with a history of lumbar disc herniation.
Telephone interviews provided follow-up data for 26 patients. Results were classified as excellent, good, moderate, or poor according to current symptom status, the need for additional surgery, the Oswestry Disability Index, and back and leg pain scores.
The average time from surgery to follow-up was 8.9 years (range 3-21 years). At follow-up, the clinical results were excellent in 13 patients (50%), good in 4 (15%), moderate in 8 (31%), and poor in 1 (4%). Four subjects (15%) underwent a subsequent disc excision in the lumbar region, and one of them later underwent fusion.
Discectomy provides satisfactory clinical results in young patients with disc herniation. The rate of reintervention (15%) is comparable to that in adults, indicating that discectomy for young patients should be approached similarly to that in adults.
The Spine Journal 01/2006; 6(4):380-4. · 3.36 Impact Factor