[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To elucidate the relations between the myeloperoxidase (-468)G-->A polymorphism and the development of duodenal ulcer (DU), and to investigate the impacts of this host genetic polymorphism on the histopathological features of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori)-related gastritis.
In a case-control study of 115 consecutive DU patients and 182 controls, the myeloperoxidase (-468)G-->A polymorphism was genotyped. Additionally, gastric mucosal changes were examined according to the updated Sydney System.
The two study groups differed in the distributions of myeloperoxidase genotypes (P = 0.008). All six individuals carrying myeloperoxidase A/A genotypes were in the DU group. The carriage of myeloperoxidase allele A and H pylori infection were associated with an increased risk of DU with odds ratios (OR) of 2.3 and 5.8, respectively. The combined risk of the carriage of myeloperoxidase allele A and H pylori infection for DU was 8.7 (95% CI, 3.5-21.8). In the H pylori-infected individuals, allele A carriers displayed higher bacterial density scores (P = 0.04) in the antrum than did non-carriers.
This work verifies for the first time the association of myeloperoxidase (-468)G-->A polymorphism with antral H pylori density and DU disease. The mechanisms underlying this genetic polymorphism in developing DU disease merit further investigations.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2005; 11(18):2796-801. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The host genetic factors that determine the clinical outcomes for Helicobacter pylori-infected individuals remain unclear.
To elucidate the relations among interleukin-1 locus polymorphisms, and H. pylori infection in the development of duodenal ulcers.
In a case-control study involving 168 control subjects and 147 patients with duodenal ulcer, biallelic polymorphisms of two interleukin-1 loci, IL-1B(-511) and IL-1B(+3954), as well as the penta-allelic variable number of tandem repeats of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist IL-1RN, were genotyped, and the H. pylori states of controls and patients were examined.
Helicobacter pylori infection, male gender and the carriage of IL-1RN*2 independently increased the risk of duodenal ulcer with odds ratios of 6.4 (95% confidence interval, 3.7-11.0), 1.9 (95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.4) and 2.7 (95% confidence interval, 1.1-6.8), respectively. Statistical analysis revealed an interaction between IL-1RN*2 and H. pylori infection with the duodenal ulcer risk conferred by the H. pylori infection substantially increased (odds ratios, 22.6; 95% confidence interval, 5.9-86.5) by the carriage of IL-1RN*2. In addition, a synergistic interaction between IL-1RN*2 and blood group O existed. The combined risk of H. pylori infection, the carriage of IL-1RN*2 and blood group O for duodenal ulcer was 27.5 (95% confidence interval, 3.1-243.6).
This work is the first to verify IL-1RN*2 as an independent factor that governs the development of duodenal ulcers. Our data indicate that H. pylori infection and IL-1RN*2 synergistically determine susceptibility to duodenal ulcer. The blood group phenotype is possibly a crucial determinant for the outcome of the impact of an interleukin-1 locus polymorphism on H. pylori-infected individuals.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the promoter region of the proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin (IL)-6 have been related to several chronic inflammatory diseases. Inter-individual variation in the severity of gastric inflammation may be important in determining the clinical outcome of an Helicobacter pylori infection and relate to polymorphisms in this region.
We studied H. pylori-infected patients with duodenal ulcer or gastric cancer. In addition six gastric cancer cell lines, AGS, SNU-668, MKN-1, MKN-7, MKN28 and KATOIII, were cocultured with both cag pathogenicity island-positive and -negative H. pylori. Single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -174, -572, and -597 in the IL-6 promoter region were identified by PCR-RFLP. The IL-6 production from the cancer cells was determined by ELISA.
Sixty patients with gastric cancer and 60 with duodenal ulcer were studied. The alleles at positions -174 and -597 were closely linked (-174G/-597G or -174C/-597A) regardless of the ethnic group or disease presentation. There was no difference in the allele frequency at any of the sites among patient groups. H. pylori-induced IL-6 production from the gastric cancer cell lines was also independent of the IL-6 polymorphisms or the presence of the cag pathogenicity island.
The genetic polymorphisms in IL-6 can be attributable to ethnicity and appear to be independent of the clinical outcome of an H. pylori infection.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although epidemiological studies suggest that interleukin (IL)-1 genetic polymorphisms are involved in Helicobacter pylori-related gastric carcinogenesis, the data are conflicting regarding the effects of these polymorphisms on IL-1beta production.
IL-1B-511 polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism, and IL-1RN variable number of tandem repeats was determined by PCR. Mucosal IL-1beta levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To determine which factors influence mucosal IL-1beta levels, gastric inflammation, and atrophy, multiple regression analyses were performed.
We studied 117 H. pylori-infected Japanese patients. Carriers of the IL-1B-511T/T genotype or IL-1RN*2 allele had higher mucosal IL-1beta levels than noncarriers (partial regression coefficient [PRC] +/- SE), TT versus CC: 37.6 +/- 6 [antrum] and 32.1 +/- 6 [corpus] pg/mg protein (P < 0.001 for each), *1/*2 versus *1/*1: 24 +/- 8 [antrum] (P <0.01) and 36.5 +/- 7 [corpus] (P <0.001). Simultaneous carriers of IL-1B-511T/T genotype and IL-1RN*2 allele had the highest IL-1beta levels (82.9 +/- 12 [antrum] and 87.2 +/- 11 [corpus]) and showed a synergistic effect between 2 loci. The *1/*2 carriers were closely related to atrophy (PRC +/- SE; 0.87 +/- 0.4 [antrum] and 0.93 +/- 0.4 [corpus], P < 0.05), whereas being a carrier of the -511T/T genotype was related to severe gastric inflammation.
IL-1 genetic polymorphisms influenced H. pylori-related gastric mucosal IL-1beta levels and were related to gastric inflammation and atrophy, factors thought to be important in gastric carcinogenesis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the genetic diversity of the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in relation to clinical outcome and interleukin (IL)-8 production.
Seven genes in the cag PAI (cagA, cagE, cagG, cagM, cagT, open reading frame 13 and 10) were examined by polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot hybridization using H. pylori from 120 patients with different presentations (duodenal ulcer, gastric cancer, gastritis alone). IL-8 production from AGS cells (gastric cancer cell line) cocultured with H. pylori was measured by ELISA.
An intact cag PAI was present in 104 (87%) isolates, and five (4%) had deletions within the cag PAI; 11 (9%) lacked the entire cag PAI. Clinical isolates containing the complete cag PAI induced a greater secretion of IL-8 as compared with those without the cag PAI (3048 +/- 263 vs 480 +/- 28 pg/ml, p < 0.001). Deletion of only cagG reduced IL-8 secretion by two thirds. Deletions of more than one locus reduced IL-8 secretion to background. A similar proportion of H. pylori from patients with gastritis, duodenal ulcer, or gastric cancer had intact cag PAI (88%, 88%, and 85%, respectively). Although the presence of cagG was a better predictor of the presence of an intact cag PAI than cagA or cagE, the presence or absence of any of these genes had no association with clinical presentation.
Although the cag PAI plays an important role in IL-8 production, clinical presentation cannot be predicted by the presence of an intact cag PAI or any of these seven cag PAI genes.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2002; 97(9):2231-8. · 7.55 Impact Factor