Acta Paediatrica 06/2011; 100(6):900-2. · 2.07 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Deletions in the azoospermia factor (AZF) region of the Y chromosome are frequent in infertile men. The clinical consequences and the mode of inheritance of these deletions are not yet clear.
Y chromosome deletion mapping and quantitative PCR analysis of the DAZ-gene copy number, supplemented with haplogroup typing in deleted patients, were performed, in combination with clinical assessments in 264 fathers and their sons conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART), and in 168 fertile men with normal sperm concentration.
In the ART fathers group, a complete AZFc deletion was detected in 0.4% (1/264). AZFc rearrangements/polymorphisms were found in 6.8% (18/264; 95% CI: 4.4-10.5), which was significantly more frequent (P = 0.021) than in the controls (3/168; 1.8%, 95% CI: 0.6-5.1). All deletions were transmitted to the sons, without any clinical symptoms in early childhood. In the fathers, there was no significant correlation between the DAZ copy number and the severity of spermatogenic failure.
AZFc rearrangements/polymorphisms are transmitted to sons and may represent a risk factor for decreased testis function and male subfertility, which needs confirmation in further studies in larger cohorts. However, deletions of two DAZ gene copies are compatible with normal spermatogenesis and fertility.
Human Reproduction 08/2008; 23(7):1669-78. · 4.47 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Due to the high prevalence and variable phenotype of patients with Klinefelter syndrome, there is a need for a robust and rapid screening method allowing early diagnosis. Here, we report on the development and detailed clinical validation of a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR)-based method of the copy number assessment of the androgen receptor (AR) gene, located to Xq11.2-q12. We analysed samples from 50 individuals, including a healthy male and female controls and patients with Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY; 48,XXXY) (n = 28), mosaicisms (46,XX/47,XXY/48XXYY; 45,X/46,XY) (n = 3), other sex chromosome abnormalities (46,XX males; 47,XYY)(n = 4) and normal karyotypes (46,XY) (n = 13). The reference range for the AR-copy number was established as 0.8-1.2 for one copy and 1.7-2.3 for two copies. The qPCR results were within the reference range in 17/18 samples (94%) or 30/31 (97%) samples with one or two copies of the AR gene, respectively. None of the Klinefelter patients were misdiagnosed as having a karyotype with only one X-chromosome, and in none of the 46,XY males were two copies demonstrated. We systematically compared qPCR results with those obtained with another PCR-based method, the XIST-gene expression. The XIST-expression based assay was correct in only 29/36 samples (81%). Our findings demonstrated that the AR-qPCR technique is a simple and reliable screening method for diagnosis of patients with Klinefelter syndrome or other chromosomal disorders involving an aberrant number of X-chromosomes.
Molecular Human Reproduction 11/2007; 13(10):745-50. · 3.85 Impact Factor