Hyung W Kim

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, United States

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Publications (7)40.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Antiviral prophylaxis has been shown to decrease the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in organ transplant recipients, but whether CMV disease that occurs despite prophylaxis is associated with mortality remains unknown. The clinical features and risk factors for CMV disease in a cohort of liver transplant recipients who received antiviral prophylaxis were assessed retrospectively. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to assess the relationship of CMV to mortality during the first posttransplant year. CMV disease developed in 37 of 437 (8.5%) recipients at a median of 4.5 (range, 2.5 to 12) months posttransplant and was associated only with donor-seropositive/recipient-seronegative serostatus in multivariate analysis (P<0.0001). Mortality at 1 year was 12% (51 of 437) and was infection-associated in 49% of cases. In multivariate analysis, CMV disease was independently associated with overall mortality at 1 year (HR, 5.1, P=0.002) and even more strongly with infection-associated mortality (HR 11, P=0.002). There was no association of CMV with noninfection-associated mortality (P>0.05). Late CMV disease is an important clinical problem in liver transplant recipients who receive antiviral prophylaxis, and is strongly and independently associated with mortality. Strategies to prevent late CMV disease are warranted.
    Transplantation 07/2006; 81(12):1645-52. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a 12-year retrospective study to determine the effects that the community respiratory-virus species and the localization of respiratory-tract virus infection have on severe airflow decline, a serious and fatal complication occurring after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Of 132 HCT recipients with respiratory-tract virus infection during the initial 100 days after HCT, 50 (38%) developed airflow decline < or =1 year after HCT. Lower-respiratory-tract infection with parainfluenza (odds ratio [OR], 17.9 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 2.0-160]; P=.01) and respiratory syncytial virus (OR, 3.6 [95% CI, 1.0-13]; P=.05) independently increased the risk of development of airflow decline < or =1 year after HCT. The airflow decline was immediately detectable after infection and was strongest for lower-respiratory-tract infection with parainfluenza virus; it stabilized during the months after the respiratory-tract virus infection, but, at < or =1 year after HCT, the initial lung function was not restored. Thus, community respiratory virus-associated airflow decline seems to be specific to viral species and infection localization.
    The Journal of Infectious Diseases 07/2006; 193(12):1619-25. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) disease occurs in 30% of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients who had a history of VZV infection. A safe and effective prevention strategy has not been established. In a double-blind controlled trial, 77 hematopoietic cell transplant recipients at risk for VZV reactivation were randomized to acyclovir 800 mg twice daily or placebo given from 1 to 2 months until 1 year after transplantation. VZV disease at 1 year was the primary end point; VZV disease after discontinuation of prophylaxis, VZV-specific T-cell immunity, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease, survival, and safety were secondary end points. Acyclovir significantly reduced VZV infections at 1 year after transplantation (HR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.035-0.74; P = .006). In the post-intervention observation period, this difference was not statistically significant (2 years: HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.21-1.3; 5 years: HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.36-1.6). There was no statistically significant difference in reconstitution of VZV-specific T-helper cell responses, HSV infections, CMV disease, chronic graft-versus-host disease, and overall survival between the groups. Acyclovir was well tolerated. Post-study VZV disease predominantly occurred in patients with continued need for systemic immunosuppression. In conclusion, acyclovir effectively and safely prevents VZV disease during the first year after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Periods of prophylaxis longer than 12 months may be beneficial for those hematopoietic cell transplant recipients on continued immune suppression.
    Blood 04/2006; 107(5):1800-5. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is known to reactivate during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), the clinical significance of this finding is controversial. We used a quantitative PCR test for HHV-6 to assay plasma samples prospectively collected from a cohort of 110 allogeneic HSCT recipients to evaluate the clinical effects of HHV-6 infection. A retrospective review of medical records was performed to determine clinical end points. HHV-6 reactivation occurred in 52 (47%) of the 110 subjects. Factors that increased the risk of subsequent HHV-6 reactivation were hematologic malignancy that occurred at a time other than the first remission (adjusted P = .002), a mismatch in the sexes of donor and recipient (adjusted P=.05), younger age (adjusted P = .01), and the receipt of glucocorticoids (adjusted P = .06). HHV-6 reactivation was associated with subsequent all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ration [HR], 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-7.5), grade 3-4 graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (adjusted HR, 4.9; 95% CI, 1.5-16), a lower probability of monocyte engraftment (adjusted HR, 0.42; 95% CI; 0.22-0.80), a lower probability of platelet engraftment (adjusted HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.21-1.1; P = .05) and a higher platelet transfusion requirement (adjusted P = .02). A higher level of HHV-6 DNA was associated with subsequent central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction (HR, 21; 95% CI, 1.8-249). HHV-6 reactivation is common after allogeneic HSCT and is associated with subsequent delayed monocyte and platelet engraftment, increased platelet transfusion requirements, all-cause mortality, grade 3-4 GVHD, and CNS dysfunction.
    Clinical Infectious Diseases 05/2005; 40(7):932-40. · 9.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in candidates for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is increasingly observed. Among 22 patients with CMV disease before HCT, the incidence of CMV disease before HCT was significantly higher in patients with severe underlying immune deficiency syndromes compared with patients with hematologic malignancies (P < .001). The lung was the most commonly involved site of infection, followed by the gastrointestinal tract and the retina. Fourteen of 22 patients with CMV disease before HCT responded to treatment and proceeded to HCT; 8 of 22 did not receive an HCT because of fatal CMV disease (n = 2) or other complications (n = 6). Of 14 patients with CMV disease who subsequently underwent HCT, 6 (42%) had CMV disease diagnosed after transplantation despite antiviral prophylaxis or preemptive therapy, and 1 patient had evidence of persistent CMV disease before day 100 after HCT. This proportion was significantly higher than that in patients without CMV disease before HCT during the same time period (day 30, adjusted P = .003; day 100, adjusted P = .02). Thirteen of 14 patients with pretransplantation CMV disease died a median of 36 days after transplantation (range, 19-399 days; adjusted P = .005 compared with CMV-seropositive transplant recipients without a history of pretransplantation CMV disease). In summary, although CMV disease before HCT may be mild and responsive to treatment, it is associated with a high risk of early CMV disease and death after transplantation.
    Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 03/2005; 11(2):136-48. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence and impact of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease that occurs despite CMV prophylaxis among liver transplant recipients have been incompletely defined. The incidence and risk factors for CMV disease during the first posttransplant year in a cohort of liver transplant recipients who received antiviral prophylaxis with oral ganciclovir were retrospectively analyzed using Cox proportional-hazard regression models. CMV disease developed in 19 of 259 recipients (7% [95% confidence interval 0.04-0.11]) at a median of 4.5 months posttransplant, included syndrome (63%) or tissue-invasive disease (37%), and was independently associated with an increased risk of mortality during the first posttransplant year (hazard ratio 14 [95% confidence interval 3.8-54], P=0.0007). The incidence was higher (10/38 [26%] vs. 8/180 [4.5%], P<0.0001) in seronegative recipients (R-) of an organ from a seropositive donor (D+) compared with seropositive (R+) patients, respectively. D+R- status was the only variable significantly associated with CMV disease in multivariate analysis. Late CMV disease develops in a substantial proportion of D+R- recipients after prophylaxis is discontinued, is not accurately predicted by patient factors, and is associated with increased mortality. New strategies to identify D+R- patients at risk and to reduce the incidence and impact of late CMV disease in this group are warranted.
    Transplantation 11/2004; 78(9):1390-6. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation 01/2004; 78(9):1390-1396. · 3.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

440 Citations
40.28 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2006
    • Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
      • Division of Clinical Research
      Seattle, WA, United States
    • Albert Einstein College of Medicine
      • Infectious Diseases
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2004–2006
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Seattle, WA, United States