Hwang Bae Sohn

Seoul National University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (3)6.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: AtMYB44, a member of the subgroup 22 R2R3 MYB transcription factors, positively regulates abscisic acid signaling to induce stomatal closure, thus conferring drought/salt-stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, AtMYB44 was transformed into soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] using the cotyledonary-node method. The resulting homozygous lines were shorter than the non-transgenic controls (Bert) throughout the growth period when grown in a greenhouse. The transgenic soybeans exhibited significantly enhanced drought/salt-stress tolerance, as observed in Arabidopsis. In field cultivation studies, the transgenic soybean plants showed reduced growth, but much higher yields upon seed harvest, demonstrating improved environmental stress tolerance. The amino acid and fatty acid compositions were not significantly altered in seeds harvested from the transgenic lines. These results suggest that the interaction of AtMYB44 with specific sequences in target gene promoters and/or specific proteins activates a tolerance mechanism that is conserved in Arabidopsis and soybean.
    Molecular Breeding 01/2012; · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Jasmonates control diverse plant developmental processes, such as seed germination, flower, fruit and seed development, senescence and tuberization in potato. To understand the role of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) in potato tuberization, the Arabidopsis JMT gene encoding jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase was constitutively overexpressed in transgenic potato plants. Increases in tuber yield and size as well as in vitro tuberization frequency were observed in transgenic plants. These were correlated with JMT mRNA level––the higher expression level, the higher the tuber yield and size. The levels of jasmonic acid (JA), MeJA and tuberonic acid (TA) were also higher than those in control plants. Transgenic plants also exhibited higher expression of jasmonate-responsive genes such as those for allene oxide cyclase (AOC) and proteinase inhibitor II (PINII). These results indicate that JMT overexpression induces jasmonate biosynthesis genes and thus JA and TA pools in transgenic potatoes. This results in enhanced tuber yield and size in transgenic potato plants. KeywordsPotato–Tuberization–Jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase (JMT)–Jasmonic acid (JA)–Methyl jasmonate (MeJA)–Tuberonic acid (TA)
    Plant Biotechnology Reports 01/2011; 5(1):27-34. · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Arabidopsis gene AtLEC (At3g15356) gene encodes a putative 30-kDa protein with a legume lectin-like domain. Likely to classic legume lectin family of genes, AtLEC is expressed in rosette leaves, primary inflorescences, and roots, as observed in Northern blot analysis. The accumulation of AtLEC transcript is induced very rapidly, within 30 min, by chitin, a fungal wall-derived oligosaccharide elictor of the plant defense response. Transgenic Arabidopsis carrying an AtLEC promoter-driven beta-glucuronidase (GUS) construct exhibited GUS activity in the leaf veins, secondary inflorescences, carpel heads, and silique receptacles, in which no expression could be seen in Northern blot analysis. This observation suggests that AtLEC expression is induced transiently and locally during developmental processes in the absence of an external signal such as chitin. In addition, mechanically wounded sites showed strong GUS activity, indicating that the AtLEC promoter responds to jasmonate. Indeed, methyl jasmonate and ethylene exposure induced AtLEC expression within 3-6 h. Thus, the gene appears to play a role in the jasmonate-/ethylene-responsive, in addition to the chitin-elicited, defense responses. However, chitin-induced AtLEC expression was also observed in jasmonate-insensitive (coi1) and ethylene-insensitive (etr1-1) Arabidopsis mutants. Thus, it appears that chitin promotes AtLEC expression via a jasmonate- and/or ethylene-independent pathway.
    Molecules and Cells 03/2009; 27(1):75-81. · 2.21 Impact Factor