Hui-Qiang Zhou

GlaxoSmithKline plc., London, ENG, United Kingdom

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Publications (5)27.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The high expression of MCH in the hypothalamus with the lean hypophagic phenotype coupled with increased resting metabolic rate and resistance to high fat diet-induced obesity of MCH KO mice has spurred considerable efforts to develop small molecule MCHR1 antagonists. Starting from a lead thienopyrimidinone series, structure-activity studies at the 3- and 6-positions of the thienopyrimidinone core afforded potent and selective MCHR1 antagonists with representative examples having suitable pharmacokinetic properties. Based on structure-activity relationships, a structural model for MCHR1 was constructed to explain the binding mode of these antagonists. In general, a good correlation was observed between pKas and activity in the right-hand side of the template, with Asp123 playing an important role in the enhancement of binding affinity. A representative example when evaluated chronically in diet-induced obese mice resulted in good weight loss effects. These antagonists provide a viable lead series in the discovery of new therapies for the treatment of obesity.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 12/2006; 49(24):7095-107. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic manipulation studies in mice at both the MCH receptor 1 (MCHR1) as well as the MCH peptide levels have implicated MCHR1 as a key player in energy homeostasis. The phenotype exhibited by these studies, that is, increased metabolic rate, resistance to high fat diet, and subsequent weight loss, has spurred considerable efforts to develop antagonists of MCHR1. In continuation of efforts directed toward this goal, the present work capitalizes on the putative binding mode of an MCH antagonist, resulting in the identification of several novel chemotypes that are potent and selective MCHR1 antagonists. In addition, the favorable pharmacokinetics of representative examples has allowed for the evaluation of an MCHR1 antagonist in a high fat diet-induced obese rodent model of obesity. The tolerability of the right-hand side of the template for diverse chemotypes accompanied by favorable effects on weight loss enhances the attractiveness of this template in the pursuit toward development of effective anti-obesity agents.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 12/2006; 49(24):7108-18. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cathepsin K, a lysosomal cysteine protease of the papain superfamily, is abundantly and selectively expressed in osteoclasts, suggesting that this enzyme is crucial for bone resorption. Prevention of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption via inhibition of cathepsin K could be an effective approach to prevent osteoporosis. Potent and selective reversible ketoamide-based inhibitors have been identified in the present study. Using a known crystal structure of a ketoamide-based inhibitor, information from residues that form the P2/P3 pocket was used in the design of inhibitors that could allow for gains in selectivity and potency. Further, incorporation of P' selective heterocycles, along with the P2/P3 modifications, is also described. These modifications have resulted in potent and selective cathepsin K inhibitors that allow for improvements in their physiochemical properties and represent a viable lead series for the discovery of new therapies for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2004; 47(21):5049-56. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glycogen synthase kinase 3 regulates glycogen synthase, the rate-determining enzyme for glycogen synthesis. Liver and muscle glycogen synthesis is defective in type 2 diabetics, resulting in elevated plasma glucose levels. Inhibition of GSK-3 could potentially be an effective method to control plasma glucose levels in type 2 diabetics. Structure-activity studies on a N-phenyl-4-pyrazolo[1,5-b]pyridazin-3-ylpyrimidin-2-amine series have led to the identification of potent and selective compounds with good cellular efficacy. Molecular modeling studies have given insights into the mode of binding of these inhibitors. Since the initial leads were also potent inhibitors of CDK-2/CDK-4, an extensive SAR was performed at various positions of the pyrazolo[1,5-b]pyridazin core to afford potent GSK-3 inhibitors that were highly selective over CDK-2. In addition, these inhibitors also exhibited very good cell efficacy and functional response. A representative example was shown to have good oral exposure levels, extending their utility in an in vivo setting. These inhibitors provide a viable lead series in the discovery of new therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 10/2004; 47(19):4716-30. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoclast-mediated bone matrix resorption has been attributed to cathepsin K, a cysteine protease of the papain family that is abundantly and selectively expressed in osteoclast. Inhibition of cathepsin K could potentially be an effective method to prevent osteoporosis. Structure-activity studies on a series of reversible ketoamides based inhibitors of cathepsin K have led to identification of potent and selective compounds. Crystallographic studies have given insights into the mode of binding of these inhibitors. A series of ketoamides with varying P1 moieties were first synthesized to find an optimum group that would fit into the S1 subsite of the cysteine protease, cathepsin K. With a desired P1 group in place a variety of heterocyclic analogues in the P' region were synthesized to study their steric and electronic effects. In the process of exploring these P' heterocyclic variations, excellent selectivity was gained over other highly homologous cysteine proteases, including cathepsins L, S, and V. The favorable pharmacokinetic properties of some of these cathepsin K inhibitors in rats make them suitable for evaluation in rodent osteoporosis models. A representative cathepsin K inhibitor was shown to attenuate PTH-stimulated hypercalcemia in the TPTX rat model. These inhibitors provide a viable lead series in the discovery of new therapies for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 02/2004; 47(3):588-99. · 5.48 Impact Factor