[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study investigated factors associated with knee pain and functional limitation in knee OA patients. Subjects were 109 Japanese males who were newly diagnosed with knee OA at three university hospitals over a 1-year period. Knee pain and functional limitation in walking and climbing and/or descending stairs were selected as outcome measures. To assess factors associated with outcomes, we calculated odds ratios (OR) using logistic regression analysis. Taller height (> or =163 vs. <163 cm) showed a negative association with knee pain, "Pain on walking": OR = 0.08, 95% confidence interval = 0.01-0.79; "Pain on stairs": 0.25, 0.08-0.82. A significant characteristic related to a lesser degree of functional disability was alcohol consumption ("Waking distance": 0.34, 0.14-0.84; "Help on stairs": 0.21, 0.09-0.51). In the present study, knee pain was associated with shorter height in male Japanese patients with knee OA. Functional limitation was associated with no consumption of alcohol.
Rheumatology International 11/2007; 27(12):1135-42. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a common form of arthritis, and affects quality of life. We investigated factors associated with functional limitation in stair climbing among female Japanese patients with knee OA. As weight is a known risk factor for knee OA, we focused on body weight at 40 years of age, and examined the association with present weight, past weight, and weight change.
Subjects were 360 Japanese women aged 40-92 years who were newly diagnosed with knee OA at 3 university hospitals over a 1-year period. Factors associated with the severity of functional limitation in stair climbing were assessed by calculating odds ratios (OR) using the proportional odds model in logistic regression.
Weight at diagnosis showed a positive association with severe functional limitation in stair climbing; however, a negative association was observed for weight change since age 40. Further analysis indicated that the association with weight at age 40 (highest vs. lowest quartile, OR=2.84, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-7.83, trend p=0.071) is stronger than weight at diagnosis. Other significant characteristics were age (70+ vs. 40-59 years, OR=7.37), previous knee pain and/or swelling 12 years or more before diagnosis (OR=2.67), and physical work (OR=1.94). In addition, higher parity was found to be a negatively associated factor (for tripara or more, OR=0.41).
This study identified factors, such as heavy weight at age 40 and physical labor, which are potentially useful for preventing severe functional limitation for female knee OA patients. In addition, higher parity was associated with milder stair climbing limitation.
Journal of Epidemiology 02/2006; 16(1):21-9. · 2.11 Impact Factor