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Publications (17)38.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of an aqueous extract of Origanum vulgare (OV) leaves on blood glucose levels was investigated in normal and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. In normal rats, the blood glucose levels were slightly decreased 6 h after a single oral administration (P<0.05) as well as 15 days after once daily repeated oral administration of aqueous OV extract (P<0.05) (20 mg/kg). After a single dose or 15 daily doses, oral administration of the aqueous extract (20 mg/kg) produced a significant decrease on blood glucose levels in STZ diabetic rats (P<0.001). In STZ rats, the blood glucose levels were normalised from the fourth day after daily repeated oral administration of aqueous OV extract (20 mg/kg) (P<0.001). However, this effect was less pronounced 2 weeks after daily repeated oral administration of OV extract. In addition, no changes were observed in basal plasma insulin concentrations after treatment in either normal or STZ diabetic rats indicating that the aqueous OV extract acted without changing insulin secretion. We conclude that an aqueous extract of OV exhibits an anti-hyperglycaemic activity in STZ rats without affecting basal plasma insulin concentrations.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 07/2004; 92(2-3):251-6. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a water extract from the aerial parts of Calamintha officinalis Moench., after either a single dose or daily oral administration for 15 days, on plasma blood glucose concentrations and basal insulin levels in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ diabetic rats). The results clearly demonstrated the hypoglycaemic effect of this plant extract in both normal and STZ diabetic rats. In addition, no changes were observed in basal plasma insulin concentrations after treatment with this plant in normal or STZ diabetic rats, indicating that the underlying mechanism of the plant's pharmacological action seems to be independent of insulin secretion. We conclude that the aqueous C. officinalis extract exhibits a significant hypoglycaemic effect in normal and STZ diabetic rats without affecting basal plasma insulin concentrations, and supports, therefore, its traditional use by the Moroccan population.
    Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 07/2004; 56(6):795-9. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of single and repeated oral administration of the aqueous extract of Retama raetam (Forssk) Webb (RR) (20 mg/kg) on lipid metabolism in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In normal rats, the aqueous extract of RR induced a significant decrease of the plasma triglycerides concentrations one week after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). This reduction was maintained two weeks after once daily repeated oral administration (P<0.05). A significant decrease of plasma cholesterol levels was also observed one week (P<0.05) and two weeks (0.05) after repeated oral administration. In diabetic rats, RR treatment caused a significant decrease of plasma triglycerides levels after a single (P<0.05) and repeated (P<0.001) oral administration. A significant decrease of cholesterol levels was observed four hours after a single oral administration of the RR aqueous extract (P<0.05). One week after repeated oral administration of RR aqueous extract, the plasma cholesterol levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05) and still dropped after two weeks (P<0.005). On the other hand, the repeated oral administration of RR aqueous extract caused a significant decrease of body weight one week after repeated oral treatment in diabetic rats (P<0.05). We conclude that the aqueous extract of RR exhibits lipid and body weight lowering activities in both normal and severe hyperglycemic rats after repeated oral administration of RR aqueous extract at a dose of 20 mg/kg.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 02/2004; 90(2-3):323-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effects of single and repeated oral administration of the aqueous rhizomes extract of Triticum repens (TR) (20 mg/kg) on lipid metabolism in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In normal rats, the aqueous extract of TR induced a significant decrease in the plasma triglycerides concentrations 4 days (P<0.05) and 1 week after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). This reduction was abolished 2 weeks after once daily repeated oral administration. A significant decrease of plasma cholesterol levels was observed only 1 week (P<0.05) after repeated oral administration. In diabetic rats, TR treatment caused a significant decrease in plasma triglycerides levels after a single (P<0.01) and repeated (P<0.001) oral administration. A strong decrease in cholesterol level was observed 6 h after a single oral administration of the aqueous extract TR (P<0.001). Four days after repeated oral administration of TR aqueous extract, the plasma cholesterol level was significantly decreased (P<0.05) and still dropped after 2 weeks (P<0.001). On other hand, the repeated oral administration of aqueous TR extract caused a significant decrease in body weight 2 weeks after repeated oral treatment in diabetic rats (P<0.05). We conclude that the aqueous extract of TR exhibits lipid and body weight lowering activities in severe hyperglycaemic rats after repeated oral administration of aqueous TR extract at a dose of 20 mg/kg.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 02/2004; 90(2-3):331-7. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single and repeated oral administration of the aqueous extract of Eucalyptus globulus leaves at the doses of 150 and 300 mg/kg body weight exhibited a significant, dose-dependent hypoglycemic effect in streptozotocin diabetic rats. In rats with a normal functioning pancreas, however, no significant changes in blood glucose levels were observed after a single or repeated oral administration of Eucalyptus globulus leaf extract. In diabetic rats, the repeated oral administration of Eucalyptus globulus aqueous leaf extract significantly increased the basal plasma insulin concentrations (P < 0.05). The oral acute toxicity study in mice demonstrated that the LD50 value for the Eucalyptus globulus leaf tissue was 4.5 g/kg. The results support the validity of empirical uses of EG in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
    Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants 01/2004; 10(4):19-28.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of single and repeated oral administration of the aqueous extract of Spergularia purpurea (SP) at a dose of 10mg/kg in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In normal rats, the aqueous extract of SP induced a significant decrease of the plasma cholesterol concentrations 6h after a single oral administration (P<0.05) and 2 weeks after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). The plasma triglycerides levels increased significantly 6h after a single oral administration (P<0.05) and decreased 2 weeks after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). In diabetic rats, SP treatment caused a significant decrease of plasma cholesterol levels after a single (P<0.01) and repeated (P<0.01) oral administration. A significant increase of triglycerides levels was observed 6h after a single oral administration of the SP aqueous extract (P<0.01). One week after repeated oral administration of SP aqueous extract, the plasma triglycerides levels were significantly decreased (P<0.005) and still dropped after 2 weeks (P<0.01). On the other hand, the repeated oral administration of SP aqueous extract caused a significant decrease of body weight after 2 weeks of treatment in both normal (P<0.001) and diabetic (P<0.01) rats. We conclude that the aqueous extract of SP exhibits a cholesterol and body weight-lowering activities in both normal and severe hyperglycaemic rats.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 08/2003; 87(1):43-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the aqueous extract of Retama raetam (RR) on blood glucose levels was investigated in fasting normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats after single and repeated oral administration. The aqueous extract of RR at a dose of 20mg/kg significantly reduced the blood glucose in normal rats 6h after a single oral administration (P<0.005) and two weeks after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). This hypoglycaemic effect is more pronounced in streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats (P<0.001). The aqueous extract of RR had no effect on basal plasma insulin levels indicating that the underlying mechanism of RR activity is extra-pancreatic. These findings suggest that the aqueous extract of RR possess significant hypoglycaemic effect in both normal and STZ diabetic rats.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 08/2003; 87(1):21-5. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the underlying mechanism of the hypoglycemic activity of the aqueous extract perfusion of Spergularia purpurea (SP) in diabetic mice and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The aqueous extract was administered intravenously and the blood glucose levels were determined within 4 hours after starting the treatment. Plasma insulin concentrations and endogenous glucose production were also determined. The aqueous extract at a dose of 10 mg/kg produced a significant decrease in blood glucose levels in normal rats (P < 0.05), and even more in diabetic rats (P < 0.001). This hypoglycemic effect might be due to an extra-pancreatic action of the aqueous extract of SP, since the basal plasma insulin concentrations were unchanged after SP treatment. In diabetic mice, a similar effect was observed and the results showed that aqueous extract of SP caused a potent inhibitor effect on basal endogenous glucose production (p < 0.001). We conclude that aqueous extract perfusion of SP inhibits endogenous glucose production in mice. This inhibition is at least one mechanism explaining the observed hypoglycemic activity of this plant in diabetic animals.
    Phytomedicine 02/2003; 10(6-7):594-9. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The hypoglycaemic effect of an aqueous extract of hawthorn leaves (Crataegus oxyacantha) was investigated in normal and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. After a single dose or 9 daily doses, oral administration of the aqueous extract produced a significant and dose-dependent decrease on blood glucose levels in STZ diabetic rats (P < 0.001), but had no effect on blood glucose levels in normal rats. No changes were observed in basal plasma insulin concentrations after treatment in normal or STZ diabetic rats. In addition, the acute toxicity study of the extract was investigated in mice. The results obtained showed that the aqueous extract had a high LD50 value (13.5 g/kg) in mice. We conclude that an aqueous extract of hawthorn leaves exhibits a potent anti-hyperglycemic activity in STZ rats, but not in normal rats, without affecting basal plasma insulin concentrations.
    Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy 01/2003; 3(2):19-29.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiac diseases were inventoried based on the ethnopharmacological survey in south-eastern Morocco: Tafilalet region. Seven hundred persons including 320 diabetic patients and 380 patients with hypertension and cardiac disorders and 20 traditional herbal healers were interviewed in different areas of Tafilalet. The results indicated that 80% of patients interviewed used medicinal plants to treat diabetes, hypertension and cardiac diseases because they state that phytotherapy is cheaper (58%), more efficient (40%) and better (65%) than modern medicine. In this ethnobotanic enquiry, about 92 medicinal plants were cited. A lot of them are cited for the first time in Morocco. Many parameters have been evaluated such as knowledge of the toxic plants, doses, parts used, etc. Also, we have reported that 75% of type 2 diabetic patients used medicinal plants in association with modern drugs, while 10% of type 1 diabetic patients regularly used medicinal plants combined with insulin treatment. Some toxic plants have also been reported. In conclusion Tafilalet region disposes of a large phytotherapy knowledge which must be scientifically investigated especially in treating diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiac diseases.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 11/2002; 82(2-3):97-103. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigates the effect of oral administration of the aqueous extract of Rubus fructicosis L. (RF) and Globularia alypum L. (GA) leaves on blood glucose levels in normal and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. In normal rats, single and repeated oral administration of RF lowered significantly the blood glucose levels, while, GA treatment did not change blood glucose levels. In STZ rats, single and repeated oral administration of both RF and GA produced significant decrease of blood glucose levels. RF and GA treatments did not affect insulin secretion both in normal and STZ rats, indicating that mechanism(s) by which these plants decrease blood glucose levels is extra-pancreatic at least, for the doses used. In addition, the acute toxicity study revealed that the aqueous extracts may be considered relatively safe since that the LD(50) value was over 8.1 and 14.5 g/kg for RF and GA respectively. These findings indicate that RF and GA represent an effective blood glucose lowering and a potential source for discovery of new orally active component(s) for future therapy.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 09/2002; 81(3):351-6. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the aqueous extract of Ammi visnaga (Apiaceae) on blood glucose levels was investigated in fasting normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats after single and repeated oral administration. The aqueous extract of Ammi visnaga (AV) at a dose of 20 mg/kg significantly reduced blood glucose in normal rats six hours after a single oral administration (P < 0.005) and nine days after repeated oral administration (P < 0.05). This hypoglycemic effect is more pronounced in streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats (P < 0.001). Acute toxicity (LD50) and general behavioural effects of an aqueous extract of AV fruits was studied in mice. The LD50 of intraperitoneal (i.p.) and oral administration was 3.6 and 10.1 g/kg, respectively. These findings suggest that the aqueous extract of AV possess significant hypoglycemic effect in both normal and STZ diabetic rats and support, therefore, its claimed clinical use by the Moroccan population.
    Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy 01/2002; 2(4):19-29.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to make an inventory of herbal remedies commonly used in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension and renal diseases in the North centre region of Morocco, 1527 patients (1095 diabetic patients, 274 with renal disorders and 158 with cardiac disorders) and 25 traditional herbal healers were interviewed in four different areas of Fez-Boulemane region. More than 1153 of the total patients interviewed (76%) used regularly medicinal plants to treat diabetes, cardiac and renal diseases. These data showed that phytotherapy has always be practiced in this region. All the persons interviewed have indicated that the reasons of using phytotherapy is that the plant medicines are cheapest (54%) and more efficient (38%) than modern medicine. They also reported that the result of phytotherapy is better (72%). Our survey started at May 1997. About 90 plants were cited (54 plants for diabetes, 11 for cardiac diseases, 19 for hypertension and 33 for renal diseases). The plants reported have been identified and are presented in a table with the vernacular name, useful parts, ecological distribution and medicinal uses. Only 12% of the total patients have a relative knowledge of the toxic plants. The result indicated that nine plants are extremely toxic at high doses and chronic treatment. Fifty nine percent of the interviewers have indicated that they used medicinal plants from the experience of the other.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 11/2001; 77(2-3):175-82. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antihypertensive and diuretic effects of the flavonoids extracted from Spergularia purpurea Pers. (SP) were studied both in normotensive (NTR) and spontaneously hypertensive conscious rats (SHR). Daily oral administration of the flavonoid mixture (5 mg/kg for 1 week) exhibited a significant decrease in blood pressure with variation coefficient (Delta) of 20 in SHR rats and 11 in NTR rats. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly and respectively with 17 and 24% in SHR, and with 11 and 16% in NTR. The flavonoid mixture enhanced significantly the water excretion in hypertensive (P<0.001) and normal rats (P<0.001). Furthermore, oral administration of flavonoids mixture at a dose of 5 mg/kg produced a significant increase of urinary excretion of sodium (P<0.01), potassium (P<0.05) and chlorides (P<0.05) in SHR. Similarly, the flavonoid administration induced a significant increase of urinary electrolytes elimination in NTR (P<0.01 versus controls). No significant changes were noted on heart rate after flavonoids treatment in SHR as well as in NTR. While, glomerular filtration rate showed a significant increase after administration of flavonoids in all groups (P<0.05). These results suggest that oral administration of flavonoids obtained from Spergularia purpurea exhibited antihypertensive and diuretic actions.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 07/2001; 76(2):159-63. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the hypoglycemic activity of the aqueous extract of the aerial part of Suaeda fruticosa (SF) in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The aqueous extract was administered intravenously (i.v.) and the blood glucose changes were determined within 4 h after starting the treatment. Plasma insulin, cholesterol and triglycerides levels were also determined. The aqueous extract at a dose of 192 mg/kg produced a significant decrease in blood glucose levels in normal rats (P < 0.05), and even more in diabetic rats (P < 0.001). This hypoglycemic effect might be due to an extra-pancreatic action of the aqueous extract of SF, since that the levels of plasma insulin were unchanged between the values before and after treatment. In the other hand, the effect of the aqueous extract on the plasma cholesterol were also significant in both normal and diabetic rats (P < 0.05). But, there is no significant effect of SF on plasma triglycerides in both groups. In order to characterize the active principle(s), which could be responsible for the therapeutic effect, preliminary phytochemical analysis of the aqueous extract of the plant has been investigated.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 06/2001; 76(1):35-8. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the chronic diuretic effect of the water extract of the whole plant of Spergularia purpurea (SP) at different doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) in normal rats. Daily oral administration of the water extract was tested for 4 weeks. Urinary water and electrolytes excretion were determined weekly. Oral administration of the water extract at different doses produced a significant and dose-dependent diuresis and increase in electrolytes excretion. The highest dose (400 mg/kg) of the water extract of SP enhanced urine output from 7.15 +/- 0.42 ml/24 h at the start to 23.01 +/- 0.75 ml/24 h after 4 weeks (p < 0.001). It also produced significant increase in urinary excretion of Na+ (P < 0.01), K+ (P < 0.01) and Cl(-) (P < 0.01). Chronic treatment with SP decreased significantly urine osmolality (P < 0.01 vs. control), while a slight increase in glomerular filtration rate was also observed (P < 0.05) for both doses of water extract (100 and 400 mg/kg). It is concluded that the water extract of whole plant of SP has a significant diuretic effect in rats.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 05/2001; 75(2-3):219-23. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single and repeated oral administration of the water extracts of Spergularia purpurea (SP) at a dose of 10 mg/kg were tested on hypoglycaemic activity in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In normal rats, the water extract of SP decreased significantly the plasma glucose levels 4 h after single oral administration (P<0.01), and one week after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). A significant decrease of plasma glucose levels was observed 6 h after a single oral administration of the water extract of S. purpurea in severe hyperglycaemic rats (n=6) from 22.78+/-0.60 to 11.21+/-0.49 mmol/l (P<0.001). On other hand, water extract of S. purpurea normalised plasma glucose levels after two weeks of repeated oral administration in diabetic rats; 24.05+/-1.16 versus 7.18+/-0.51 mmol/l (P<0.001) at the start and 2 weeks after water extract administration, respectively. We conclude that the water extract of SP induces hypoglycaemic activity when administered orally in normal and STZ diabetic rats. In order to determine the active principle (s) responsible of the hypoglycaemic effect, preliminary phytochemical analysis of the water extract has been investigated.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 07/2000; 71(1-2):169-77. · 2.76 Impact Factor