Hai-Chen Xu

Nanjing Medical University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (6)15.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gastrin, cholecystokinin2 receptor (CCK2R), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) have been implicated in the carcinogenesis and progression of gastric cancer. Our study demonstrated that antagonist or siRNA against CCK2R blocked amidated gastrin (G17)-induced activation of STAT3 and Akt in gastric cancer cell lines. G17-increased COX-2 expression and cell proliferation were effectively blocked by CCK2R antagonist and inhibitors of JAK2 and PI3K. In addition, knockdown of STAT3 expression significantly attenuated G17-induced PI3K/Akt activation, COX-2 expression, and cell proliferation. These results suggest that CCK2R-mediated COX-2 up-regulation via JAK2/STAT3/PI3K/Akt pathway is involved in the proliferative effect of G17 on human gastric cancer cells.
    Cancer letters 01/2013; 332(1). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2012.12.030 · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays an important role in the carcinogenesis and progression of gastric cancer. It has been demonstrated that COX-2 overexpression depends on different cellular pathways, involving both transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional regulators. Here, we characterize miR-101 expression and its role in the regulation of COX-2 expression, which in turn, will provide us with additional insights into the potential therapeutic benefits of exogenous miR-101 for treatment of gastric cancer. Our results showed that miR-101 levels in gastric cancer tissues were significantly lower than those in the matched normal tissue (P < 0.01). Furthermore, lower levels of miR-101 were associated with increased tumor invasion and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). We also found an inverse correlation between miR-101 and COX-2 expression in both gastric cancer specimens and cell lines. Significant decreases in COX-2 mRNA and COX-2 levels were observed in the pre-miR-101-infected gastric cancer cells. One possible mechanism of interaction is that miR-101 inhibited COX-2 expression by directly binding to the 3'-UTR of COX-2 mRNA. Overexpression of miR-101 in gastric cancer cell lines also inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in vitro, as well as inhibiting tumor growth in vivo. These results collectively indicate that miR-101 may function as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer, with COX-2 as a direct target.
    FEBS Journal 09/2012; 279(22). DOI:10.1111/febs.12013 · 4.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) or activation of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) leads to growth inhibition in malignancies, the synergistic anti-tumor effects of combination of COX-2 inhibitor (NS-398) and PPAR-gamma agonist (rosiglitazone) on the human pancreatic cancer cells remains unknown. Here, we evaluated the effects of NS-398 and/or rosiglitazone on the cell proliferation and apoptosis in a pancreatic cancer cell line, SW1990. NS-398 and rosiglitazone decreased cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) labeling index significantly decreased in the cells treated with either NS-398 or rosiglitazone. Both NS-398 and rosiglitazone alone induced apoptotic cell death of SW1990. The combination of NS-398 and rosiglitazone exerted synergistic effects on proliferation inhibition, and apoptosis induction in SW1990 cells, with down-regulation of Bcl-2 and up-regulation of Bax expression. Our results indicate that simultaneous targeting of COX-2 and PPAR-gamma inhibits pancreatic cancer development more effectively than targeting each molecule alone.
    Cancer letters 03/2009; 275(2):247-55. DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2008.10.023 · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the regulative roles of the gastrin receptor antagonist proglumide and the specific cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor NS-398 on the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. Human gastric cancer cells of the line MKN-45 were routinely cultured in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 10% heat-inactivated fetal calf serum. Subconfluent cell cultures were treated with proglumide at a final concentration of 5 mmol/L, NS-398 at a final concentration of 10.0 micromol/L, or proglumide in combination with NS-398 for 48 h. The growth and proliferation of MKN-45 cells were analyzed with MTT assay. Flow cytometric analysis was used to detect the apoptosis of the gastric cancer cells. RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of apoptosis-inhibited gene bcl-2 mRNA and protein. The apoptosis rates of the cells treated by proglumide, NS-398, and combination of two agents were 24.7% +/- 3.2%, 26.7% +/- 3.4%, and 36.1% +/- 4.6% respectively, all significantly higher than that in the control group (1.6% +/- 0.6%, all P < 0.01). The apoptosis rates of the MKN-45 cells treated with proglumide combined with NS-398 was significantly greater than those of the cells treated by the two agents alone (both P < 0.05). Treatment with proglumide and NS-398 significantly reduced the bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression in the MKN-45 cells (P < 0.05). Both proglumide and NS-398 inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of human gastric cells. This apoptosis may be mediated by down-regulation of the expression of apoptosis-inhibited gene bcl-2. Co-treatment with proglumide and NS-398 have synergistic anticancer role.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 01/2006; 86(4):250-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate COX-2 expression in patients with gastric cancer and its relationship with angiogenesis and clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer. COX-2 expression and CD34-stained microvessel density (MVD) were detected by immunohistochemical methods in specimens from 96 patients with gastric cancer. The correlations among COX-2 expression, MVD and clinicopathologic features were analyzed. The COX-2 positive rate and MVD in gastric cancer were significantly higher than those in the normal gastric mucosa (80.2% vs. 13.3%; 32.5+/- 8.3 vs. 13.1+/- 2.4, all P< 0.01). The COX-2 positive rate and MVD in the patients with stage III and IV were significantly higher (91.4% and 34.9+/- 8.7 respectively, P< 0.01), than that in the patients with stage I and II. The COX-2 positive rate and MVD in the cases with lymph node metastasis were 87.9% and (35.0+/- 8.5) respectively, higher than those in the cases without lymph node metastasis (P< 0.05). The Spearman rank correlation test showed a significant correlation between COX-2 expression and tumor MVD (r=0.311, P< 0.01). COX-2 plays an important role in gastric cancer angiogenesis. COX-2 and angiogenesis induced by COX-2 contribute to tumor invasion and lymph node metastasis.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 07/2005; 8(4):343-7.
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Publication Stats

65 Citations
15.24 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2013
    • Nanjing Medical University
      • • Department of Gastroenterology
      • • Department of Geriatrics
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China