Hae-Wol Cho

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea

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Publications (7)17.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The nucleocapsid (N) protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is involved in the pathological reaction to SARS and is a key antigen for the development of a sensitive diagnostic assay. However, the antigenic properties of this N protein are largely unknown. To facilitate the studies on the function and antigenicity of the SARS-CoV N protein, 6x histidine-tagged recombinant SARS-CoV N (rSARS-N) with a molecular mass of 46 and 48kDa was successfully produced using the recombinant baculovirus system in insect cells. The rSARS-N expressed in insect cells (BrSARS-N) showed remarkably higher specificity and immunoreactivity than rSARS-N expressed in E. coli (ErSARS-N). Most of all, BrSARS-N proteins were expressed as a highly phosphorylated form with a molecular mass of 48kDa, but ErSARS-N was a nonphosphorylated protein. In further analysis to determine the correlation between the phosphorylation and the antigenicity of SARS-N protein, dephosphorylated SARS-N protein treated with protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) remarkably enhanced the cross-reactivity against SARS negative serum and considerably reduced immunoreactivity with SARS-N mAb. These results suggest that the phosphorylation plays an important role in the immunoreactivity and specificity of SARS-N protein. Therefore, the BrSARS-N protein may be useful for the development of highly sensitive and specific assays to determine SARS infection and for further research of SARS-N pathology.
    Virus Research 08/2007; 127(1):71-80. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus nucleocapsid (SARS-CoV N) protein has been found to be important to the processes related to viral pathogenesis, such as virus replication, interference of the cell process and modulation of host immune response; detection of the antigen has been used for the early diagnosis of infection. We have used recombinant N protein expressed in insect cells to generate 17 mAbs directed against this protein. We selected five mAbs that could be used in various diagnostic assays, and all of these mAbs recognized linear epitopes. Three IgG(2b) mAbs were recognized within the N-terminus of N protein, whereas the epitope of two IgG(1) mAbs localized within the C-terminus. These mAbs were found to have significant reactivity with both non-phosphorylated and phosphorylated N proteins, which resulted in high reactivity with native N protein in virus-infected cells; however, they did not show cross-reactivity with human coronavirus. Therefore, these results suggested that these mAbs would be useful in the development of various diagnostic kits and in future studies of SARS-CoV pathology.
    Virus Research 01/2007; 122(1-2):109-18. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serological and virological studies were carried out of a mumps outbreak which occurred in one region, Yoeju County, Southeast of Seoul in Korea from September to December, 1999. Sera from 736 children at 8-13 years of age of patients with mumps and healthy children were tested for mumps-specific antibodies by enzyme immunoassay. The overall IgM positive rate was 7.6% (56/736), compared with 69.8% (514/736) for IgG. Of the 49 children with both IgG and IgM, 32 were also confirmed by both clinical and serological diagnosis. IgM antibodies were detected even in the samples collected up to 3 months after the onset of symptoms. Although 436 children had been vaccinated before the outbreak, 27 (6.2%) were found to be IgM positive, particularly 6 (4.4%) of 136 were positive serologically despite a second-dose vaccinees. Sequence analysis of the small hydrophobic (SH) gene of 4 mumps viruses isolated from 42 saliva specimens revealed that these were related to the genotype H, but distinguishable from European strains. This is the first study on the outbreak due to mumps virus genotype H and provides information to assess the understanding of recent outbreaks of mumps in Korea.
    Journal of Medical Virology 06/2004; 73(1):85-90. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The complete nucleotide sequence of mumps virus isolated in Korea, Dg1062/Korea/98 (Dg1062), was determined. As other mumps viruses, its genome was to be 15,384 nucleotides (nts) in length and encoded seven proteins. The both 5' and 3' ends were confirmed to be 55 and 24 nts by RACE method, respectively. The full-length nucleotide sequence of Dg1062 isolate differed from other strains by 2.9-6.8% in the nucleotide sequence level, resulting in 206 nucleotide and 54 amino acid substitutions which were observed in only Dg1062 isolate relative to the consensus sequences of other strains. Despite the variations of amino acids over the full genome including HN gene, it might be considered that this isolate have no significant variations in the antigenic sites. This result is the first report of full-length genome of genotype I strain and provides an overview on the diversity of genetic characteristics of circulating mumps virus.
    Virus Genes 04/2004; 28(2):201-5. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sequence analyses of the entire small hydrophobic (SH) and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) genes of mumps viruses circulated in Korea from 1998 to 2001 showed that these isolates were grouped into two genotypes, H and I. While genotype I was predominant throughout the country during this period, genotype H was found in the restricted region, 1999. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of Korean isolates showed the type-specific changes including the signature motif at positions 28-30 in the SH gene and the neutralizing epitopes in the HN gene. Particularly, Asian strains including Korean isolates and European strains differed from 2.3 to 3.8% at the nucleotide sequence level in the SH gene although they belonged to the same genotype H. Furthermore, none of Korean isolates were genetically related to the vaccine strains used in Korea. The results provide important information to understand the epidemiology of mumps infection and to facilitate the development of more efficient vaccine program in Korea.
    Virus Research 12/2003; 97(2):111-6. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-1 subtype B predominates in the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analyses of sequences for complete nef genes and env gene fragments encoding the V3 loop have identified a major monophyletic Korean subclade that is distinct from Western subtype B sequences in the Los Alamos HIV Sequence Database. This was investigated further by sequence analysis of complete env genes recovered from the DNA of peripheral blood mononuclear cells for matched groups of Koreans, four patients per group, previously assigned as being infected with either Korean or Western strains. The phylogenetic classifications were confirmed and analysis of the translation products identified 32 amino acid signature pattern differences, dispersed throughout gp160, which differentiate the two subclades. Twenty-three of these positions map to epitopes recognized by HLA-I-restricted cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) as catalogued in the Los Alamos HIV Immunology Database. The remaining nine map at or close to sites predicted to be targets for immunoproteasomes that are involved in producing peptides that bind to MHC Class I. These results suggest that a founder effect in the Korean population is based on the spread of CTL-escape/host-adapted HIV-1 strains.
    AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 09/2003; 19(8):631-41. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the marked reduction in the incidence of measles in Korea by the introduction of measles vaccine, a large measles epidemic occurred during 2000-2001. During the epidemic, more than 55,000 measles cases were reported and at least 7 children were dead. In this study, we analyzed the genetic and antigenic properties of 15 measles viruses that isolated during the epidemic. Sequence analyses of entire hemagglutinin (H) and nucleoprotein (N) genes of the viruses indicated that all Korean isolates had a high degree of homology (>99.8%) when compared with each other. They differed from other wild-type viruses by as much as 6.8% in the H gene and 6.5% in the N gene at the nucleotide level. The deduced amino acid variability was up to 6.4% for the H protein and up to 6.5% for the N protein. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences and deduced amino acid sequences of the H and N genes revealed that all Korean viruses were grouped into the genotype H1. This strongly demonstrated that single genotype of measles virus has been circulated in Korea during the 2000-2001 epidemic. Plaque reduction neutralizing antibody titers against vaccine strains, Edmonston and Schwarz, and recently isolated Korean strains were measured using sera from vaccinees and recently infected children. Although sera of recently infected children demonstrated higher neutralizing antibody titers against wild-type strains than against vaccine strains, both sera neutralized both strains and the reciprocal geometric mean titers (GMTs) were not significantly different against both strains.
    Journal of Medical Virology 08/2003; 70(4):649-54. · 2.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

48 Citations
17.46 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007
    • Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2003
    • National Institute of Health, Korea
      Seishō-gun, North Gyeongsang, South Korea