Gloria Hoi Wan Tso

The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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Publications (6)35.47 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a Hong Kong Southern Chinese population with extreme bone mineral density (BMD) scores revealed suggestive association with MPP7, which ranked second after JAG1 as a candidate gene for BMD. To follow-up this suggestive signal, we replicated the top single-nucleotide polymorphism rs4317882 of MPP7 in three additional independent Asian-descent samples (n= 2684). The association of rs4317882 reached the genome-wide significance in the meta-analysis of all available subjects (P(meta)= 4.58 × 10(-8), n= 4204). Site heterogeneity was observed, with a larger effect on spine than hip BMD. Further functional studies in a zebrafish model revealed that vertebral bone mass was lower in an mpp7 knock-down model compared with the wide-type (P= 9.64 × 10(-4), n= 21). In addition, MPP7 was found to have constitutive expression in human bone-derived cells during osteogenesis. Immunostaining of murine MC3T3-E1 cells revealed that the Mpp7 protein is localized in the plasma membrane and intracytoplasmic compartment of osteoblasts. In an assessment of the function of identified variants, an electrophoretic mobility shift assay demonstrated the binding of transcriptional factor GATA2 to the risk allele 'A' but not the 'G' allele of rs4317882. An mRNA expression study in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells confirmed that the low BMD-related allele 'A' of rs4317882 was associated with lower MPP7 expression (P= 9.07 × 10(-3), n= 135). Our data suggest a genetic and functional association of MPP7 with BMD variation.
    Human Molecular Genetics 12/2011; 21(7):1648-57. · 7.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) is important to homeostatic bone remodeling. Infiltration of mesenchymal progenitor cells to inflamed joints has been reported in collagen-induced arthritis murine model and in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Therapeutic application of MSC in RA has been suggested and under investigation. However, the underlying mechanisms on what triggers the migration of MSC from bone marrow (BM) to inflamed joints and how MSC acts in the joints remains elusive. As hemopoietic stem cells and MSC act reciprocally and excessive apoptotic cells (AC) are observed in the BM of patients with RA, we hypothesize that AC may alter MSC osteogenic differentiation resulting in bone erosion in RA. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that MSC were able to phagocytose AC and this phagocytosis enhanced MSC osteogenic differentiation. AC-treated MSC under osteogenic differentiation expressed CXC-chemokine receptor (CXCR)-4 and CXCR5, which might enable them to migrate toward the inflamed joints. In addition, AC-treated MSC secreted interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and RANTES, which might induce chemotaxis of CD4+ T cells to the inflamed joints. Interestingly, by coculturing AC-treated MSC under osteogenic differentiation with CD4+ T cells, T helper (Th) 17 cells development was significantly enhanced and these Th17 cells promoted osteoclasts formation and bone resorption. Furthermore, the induction of Th17 cells was dependent on increased IL-6 production from major histocompatibility complex class II-expressing AC-treated MSC under osteogenic differentiation. This data provide a novel insight on the role of AC in modulating MSC osteogenic differentiation and function in inflammatory bone diseases.
    Stem Cells 03/2010; 28(5):939-54. · 7.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone mineral density (BMD), a diagnostic parameter for osteoporosis and a clinical predictor of fracture, is a polygenic trait with high heritability. To identify genetic variants that influence BMD in different ethnic groups, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 800 unrelated Southern Chinese women with extreme BMD and carried out follow-up replication studies in six independent study populations of European descent and Asian populations including 18,098 subjects. In the meta-analysis, rs2273061 of the Jagged1 (JAG1) gene was associated with high BMD (p = 5.27 x 10(-8) for lumbar spine [LS] and p = 4.15 x 10(-5) for femoral neck [FN], n = 18,898). This SNP was further found to be associated with the low risk of osteoporotic fracture (p = 0.009, OR = 0.7, 95% CI 0.57-0.93, n = 1881). Region-wide and haplotype analysis showed that the strongest association evidence was from the linkage disequilibrium block 5, which included rs2273061 of the JAG1 gene (p = 8.52 x 10(-9) for LS and 3.47 x 10(-5) at FN). To assess the function of identified variants, an electrophoretic mobility shift assay demonstrated the binding of c-Myc to the "G" but not "A" allele of rs2273061. A mRNA expression study in both human bone-derived cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells confirmed association of the high BMD-related allele G of rs2273061 with higher JAG1 expression. Our results identify the JAG1 gene as a candidate for BMD regulation in different ethnic groups, and it is a potential key factor for fracture pathogenesis.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 02/2010; 86(2):229-39. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytokines play important roles in antiviral action. We examined whether polymorphisms of IFN-gamma,TNF-alpha and IL-10 affect the susceptibility to and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). A case-control study was carried out in 476 Chinese SARS patients and 449 healthy controls. We tested the polymorphisms of IFN-gamma,TNF-alpha and IL-10 for their associations with SARS. IFN-gamma +874A allele was associated with susceptibility to SARS in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.001). Individuals with IFN-gamma +874 AA and AT genotype had a 5.19-fold (95% Confidence Interval [CI], 2.78-9.68) and 2.57-fold (95% CI, 1.35-4.88) increased risk of developing SARS respectively. The polymorphisms of IL-10 and TNF-alpha were not associated with SARS susceptibility. IFN-gamma +874A allele was shown to be a risk factor in SARS susceptibility.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 01/2006; 6:82. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the innate immune response to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) infection. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a key molecule in innate immunity, functions as an ante-antibody before the specific antibody response. Here, we describe a case-control study that included 569 patients with SARS and 1188 control subjects and used in vitro assays to investigate the role that MBL plays in SARS-CoV infection. The distribution of MBL gene polymorphisms was significantly different between patients with SARS and control subjects, with a higher frequency of haplotypes associated with low or deficient serum levels of MBL in patients with SARS than in control subjects. Serum levels of MBL were also significantly lower in patients with SARS than in control subjects. There was, however, no association between MBL genotypes, which are associated with low or deficient serum levels of MBL, and mortality related to SARS. MBL could bind SARS-CoV in a dose- and calcium-dependent and mannan-inhibitable fashion in vitro, suggesting that binding is through the carbohydrate recognition domains of MBL. Furthermore, deposition of complement C4 on SARS-CoV was enhanced by MBL. Inhibition of the infectivity of SARS-CoV by MBL in fetal rhesus kidney cells (FRhK-4) was also observed. These results suggest that MBL contributes to the first-line host defense against SARS-CoV and that MBL deficiency is a susceptibility factor for acquisition of SARS.
    The Journal of Infectious Diseases 06/2005; 191(10):1697-704. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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