[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Physicians have become aware of the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders (PDs) in children and adolescents with epilepsy; however, there are many controversies as to which factors may have an important role in the different types of PD. This study was designed to assess the main PD; verify the age of onset compared with the age of diagnosis of the PD; and determine which factors may be correlated with the type of PD described. For this purpose, a multidisciplinary team evaluated children and adolescents (4-18 years) with epilepsy and analyzed patient-related factors such as age (grouped according to Piaget's cognitive scale: <6 years, 7-13 years, >13 years), sex, family history of PDs, and cognitive status. With respect to epilepsy features, we considered age of onset, duration, seizure control at the time of psychiatric evaluation, refractoriness, antiepileptic drugs (mono- vs polytherapy), seizure type (generalized vs focal), and epilepsy type (idiopathic vs symptomatic/probably symptomatic). Depression occurred in 36.4% and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 29.1%, these being the most frequent PDs in this series. Focal epilepsy was significantly more frequent in children and adolescents with PDs. As to the type of PD, age was an important factor, with a predominance of ADHD in children and depression in adolescents (P<0.0001). Family history was contributory for depression, but not for others PDs (P<0.0001). Depression remained underdiagnosed and untreated for a longer period. Impact of early diagnosis and treatment remains unknown.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The evaluation of the withdrawal reaction in small children using a standardized instrument should take into account the child's psychopatologic context and its child's development moment. We present the BADS questionnaire validation by its application in 35 children aged 0 to 2 years-old with pediatric diseases, coming from Santa Casa de São Paulo. The results were compared with those of 90 normal children who were evaluated in a previous study of the same author. The test used was the independent t test, with mean scores of 5.90 +/- 2.57 for normal children and 6.37 +/- 4.83 for sick children, with p= 0,651 and significance level of 5%. Thus, it was observed that the withdrawal reaction in sick children is not significantly different for that for normal children. With these results, the scale shows its importance as a screening instrument.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 01/2003; 60(4):971-3. · 1.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe an autistic male adolescent with congenital rubella who has developed bipolar disorder, discussing possible diagnostic and therapeutic implications.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 07/2002; 60(2-A):324-7. · 1.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It should take into account the psychopatologic context and the child's development moment to evaluate the baby alarm distress from a standardized instrument. We present the BADS questionnaire validation by its application in 90 children, from 0 to 2 years-old, obtaining a K=0.783 to p<0.01, with a Spearman coefficient of 0.866 and factorial analysis to 4 factors to 63.5% of the population studied. With these psychometrical qualities, the scale shows its importance as a screening but is important its study in others populations.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 03/2002; 60(1):56-60. · 1.01 Impact Factor